Preschool Standards & Assessments

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Teaching Strategies GOLD Preschool Academic Standards HighScope COR Colorado Building Blocks Head Start Child Development & Early Learning Framework

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

a - Attends and engages

2 - Pays attention to sights and sounds

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

a - Attends and engages

4 - Sustains interest in working on a task, especially when adults offer suggestions, questions, and comments

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

a - Attends and engages

6 - Sustains work on age-appropriate, interesting tasks; can ignore most distractions and interruptions

Reading and Writing

Research and Reasoning

2 - Problems can be identified and possible solutions can be created

a - Generate questions and investigate answers about topics of interest

No Match

Approaches to Learning

2 - Curiosity

Children demonstrate curiosity and a willingness to participate in tasks and challenges.

a - Demonstrate an eagerness and interest in learning through questioning and adding ideas.

Approaches To Learning

Initiative & Curiosity: An interest in varied topics and activities, desire to learn, creativeness, and independence in learning.

Asks questions and seeks new information.

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

a - Attends and engages

8 - Sustains attention to tasks or projects over time (days to weeks); can return to activities after interruptions

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

b - Persists

2 - Repeats actions to obtain similar results

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

b - Persists

4 - Practices an activity many times until successful

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

b - Persists

6 - Plans and pursues a variety of appropriately challenging tasks

Science

Life Science

1 - Living things have characteristics and basic needs

c - Ask and pursue questions through simple investigations and observations of living things

Visual Arts

Invent and Discover to Create

1 - Create works of art based on personal relevance

a -  Use trial and error to create works of art that arrive at a desired outcome

No Match

Science

2 - Scientific Knowledge

Children learn about the development of the natural and physical world.

d - Ask and pursue their questions through simple investigations.

Creativity

2 - Creative Expression

Children engage in individual or group activities that represent real-life experiences, ideas, knowledge, feelings and fantasy.

d - Plan, work cooperatively and create drawings, paintings, sculptures and other art projects.

Creativity

2 - Creative Expression

Children engage in individual or group activities that represent real-life experiences, ideas, knowledge, feelings and fantasy.

e - Demonstrate care and persistence when involved in art projects.

Approaches To Learning

Persistence & Attentiveness: The ability to begin and finish activities with persistence and attention.

Resists distractions, maintains attention, and continues the task at hand through frustration or challenges.

Science Knowledge & Skills

Scientific Skills & Method: The skills to observe and collect information and use it to ask questions, predict, explain, and draw conclusions.

Describes and discusses predictions, explanations, and generalizations based on past experience.

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

b - Persists

8 - Plans and pursues own goal until it is reached

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

c - Solves problems

2 - Reacts to a problem; seeks to achieve a specific goal

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

c - Solves problems

4 - Observes and imitates how other people solve problems; asks for a solution and uses it

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

c - Solves problems

6 - Solves problems without having to try every possibility

Reading and Writing

Research and Reasoning

2 - Problems can be identified and possible solutions can be created

b - Gather relevant information and apply it to their problem-solving process or current event

No Match

Approaches to Learning

5 - Reasoning

Children demonstrate an increased ability to identify possible solutions to problems.

a - Demonstrate an increased ability to generate different approaches to solving problems.

Approaches to Learning

6 - Application

Children use their prior experiences, sense and knowledge to learn in new ways.

b - Use prior knowledge to understand new experiences

Approaches To Learning

Initiative & Curiosity: An interest in varied topics and activities, desire to learn, creativeness, and independence in learning.

Demonstrates flexibility, imagination, and inventiveness in approaching tasks and activities.

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

c - Solves problems

8 - Thinks problems through, considering several possibilities and analyzing results

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

d - Shows curiosity and motivation

2 - Uses senses to explore the immediate environment

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

d - Shows curiosity and motivation

4 - Explores and investigates ways to make something happen

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

d - Shows curiosity and motivation

6 - Shows eagerness to learn about a variety of topics and ideas

Drama

Critically Respond

1 - Respond to stories and plays

b - Demonstrate an eagerness and interest in performances or dramatizations through asking questions

Reading and Writing

Research and Reasoning

2 - Problems can be identified and possible solutions can be created

a - Generate questions and investigate answers about topics of interest

No Match

Approaches to Learning

2 - Curiosity

Children demonstrate curiosity and a willingness to participate in tasks and challenges.

a - Demonstrate an eagerness and interest in learning through questioning and adding ideas.

Approaches to Learning

2 - Curiosity

Children demonstrate curiosity and a willingness to participate in tasks and challenges.

b - Show an interest in people, things, and the world around them.

Approaches to Learning

2 - Curiosity

Children demonstrate curiosity and a willingness to participate in tasks and challenges.

c - Choose to participate in an increasing variety of activities, tasks and play areas.

Language Development and Communication

1 - Play

Children engage in play as a means to develop their listening and expressive langauge skills.

a - Develop and experiment with conversation during daily activities and interactions

Language Development and Communication

1 - Play

Children engage in play as a means to develop their listening and expressive langauge skills.

c - Think and talk about play experiences

Science

1 - Play

Children engage in play as a means to develop their scientific skills.

a - Ask questions based upon discoveries made while playing.

Science

1 - Play

Children engage in play as a means to develop their scientific skills.

b - Use play to discover, question and understand the natural and physical world.

Approaches To Learning

Initiative & Curiosity: An interest in varied topics and activities, desire to learn, creativeness, and independence in learning.

Demonstrates eagerness to learn about and discuss a range of topics, ideas, and tasks.

Approaches To Learning

Initiative & Curiosity: An interest in varied topics and activities, desire to learn, creativeness, and independence in learning.

Asks questions and seeks new information.

Approaches To Learning

Initiative & Curiosity: An interest in varied topics and activities, desire to learn, creativeness, and independence in learning.

Asks questions and seeks new information.

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

d - Shows curiosity and motivation

8 - Uses a variety of resources to find answers to questions

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

e - Shows flexibility and inventiveness in thinking

2 - Imitates others in using objects in new and/or unanticipated ways

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

e - Shows flexibility and inventiveness in thinking

4 - Uses creativity and imagination during play and routine tasks

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

e - Shows flexibility and inventiveness in thinking

6 - Changes plans if a better idea is thought of or proposed

Reading and Writing

Research and Reasoning

2 - Problems can be identified and possible solutions can be created

c - Seek and generate alternative approaches to solving problems

Initiative

B - Solving Problems with Materials

5 - Child tries three or more ways to solve a problem with materials.

Approaches to Learning

5 - Reasoning

Children demonstrate an increased ability to identify possible solutions to problems.

b - Seek alternative approaches to problem solving.

Approaches To Learning

Initiative & Curiosity: An interest in varied topics and activities, desire to learn, creativeness, and independence in learning.

Demonstrates flexibility, imagination, and inventiveness in approaching tasks and activities.

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

e - Shows flexibility and inventiveness in thinking

8 - Thinks through possible long-term solutions and takes on more abstract challenges

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

12 - Remembers and connects experiences

a - Recognizes and recalls

2 - Recognizes familiar people, places, and objects; looks for hidden object where it was last seen

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

12 - Remembers and connects experiences

a - Recognizes and recalls

4 - Recalls familiar people, places, objects, and actions from the past (a few months before); recalls 1 or 2 items removed from view

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

12 - Remembers and connects experiences

a - Recognizes and recalls

6 - Tells about experience in order, provides details, and evaluates the experience; recalls 3 or 4 items removed from view

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

2 - Listening and comprehension skills are required to be clearly understood

d - Remember spoken information for a short period of time

Social Studies

History

1 - Recognize change and sequence over time

b -  Select examples from pictures that illustrate past, present, and future

No Match

Approaches to Learning

6 - Application

Children use their prior experiences, sense and knowledge to learn in new ways.

b - Use prior knowledge to understand new experiences

Mathematics

4 - Patterns and Measurement

Children show an interest in recognizing and creating patterns, comparing and measuring time and quantity.

b - Begin to understand that some events take place in the past, present or future.

Social Studies Knowledge & Skills

History & Events: The understanding that events happened in the past and how these events relate to one’s self, family, and community.

Differentiates between past, present, and future.

Cognitive

12 - Remembers and connects experiences

a - Recognizes and recalls

8 - Uses a few deliberate strategies to remember information

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

12 - Remembers and connects experiences

b - Makes connections

2 - Looks for familiar persons when they are named; relates objects to events

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

12 - Remembers and connects experiences

b - Makes connections

4 - Remembers the sequence of personal routines and experiences with teacher support

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

12 - Remembers and connects experiences

b - Makes connections

6 - Draws on everyday experiences and applies this knowledge to a similar situation

Science

Physical Science

1 - Objects have properties and characteristics

b - Make simple observations, predictions, explanations, and generalizations based on real-life experiences

Science

Earth Systems Science

1 - Earth’s materials have properties and characteristics that affect how we use those materials

b - Make simple observations, explanations, and generalizations about Earth’s materials based on real-life experiences

Reading and Writing

Research and Reasoning

1 - Relevant information is different from nonrelevant information

c - Identify information that is relevant

Mathematics and Science

DD - Identifying sequence, change, and causality

5 - Child explains that an event or change happens because of something else.

Mathematics and Science

FF - Identifying natural and living things

4 - Child identifies a change (in a material or the environment) and a possible cause.

Science

3 - Scientific Skills and Methods

Children begin to use scientific tools and methods to learn about their world.

b - Make simple observations, predictions, explanations and generalizations based on real life experiences.

Science

3 - Scientific Skills and Methods

Children begin to use scientific tools and methods to learn about their world.

b - Make simple observations, predictions, explanations and generalizations based on real life experiences.

Logic & Reasoning

Reasoning & Problem Solving: The ability to recognize, understand, and analyze a problem and draw on knowledge or experience to seek solutions to a problem.

Uses past knowledge to build new knowledge.

Science Knowledge & Skills

Scientific Skills & Method: The skills to observe and collect information and use it to ask questions, predict, explain, and draw conclusions.

Describes and discusses predictions, explanations, and generalizations based on past experience.

Cognitive

12 - Remembers and connects experiences

b - Makes connections

8 - Generates a rule, strategy, or idea from one learning experience and applies it in a new context

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

13 - Uses classification skills

 - 

2 - Matches similar objects

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

13 - Uses classification skills

 - 

4 - Places objects in two or more groups based on differences in a single characteristic, e.g., color, size, or shape

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

1 - Conceptual understanding conveyed through vocabulary words can occur using a variety of modalities

a - Identify and sort common objects, events, pictures, words, colors, shapes, and textures into various classifications

Mathematics and Science

Y - Sorting objects

2 - Child sorts a collection into smaller groups of similar objects.

Mathematics

1 - Play

Children engage in play to develop their mathematical thinking and problem solving.

a - Begin to make groups and match objects.

Mathematics

3 - Geometry and Spatial Sense

Children show an interest in recognizing and creating shapes and an awareness of position in space.

a - Describe and name common shapes found in the natural environment.

Mathematics Knowledge & Skills

Patterns: The recognition of patterns, sequencing, and critical thinking skills necessary to predict and classify objects in a pattern.

Sorts, classifies, and serializes (puts in a pattern) objects using attributes, such as color, shape, or size.

Cognitive

13 - Uses classification skills

 - 

6 - Groups objects by one characteristic; then regroups them using a different characteristic and indicates the reason

Math

Shape, Dimension and Geometric Relationships

1 - Shapes can be observed in the world and described in relation to one another

b - Sort similar groups of objects into simple categories based on attributes

Math

Shape, Dimension and Geometric Relationships

2 - Measurement is used to compare objects

c - Sort coins by physical attributes such as color or size (PFL)

Mathematics and Science

Y - Sorting objects

2 - Child sorts a collection into smaller groups of similar objects.

Mathematics and Science

Y - Sorting objects

3 - In sorting, child groups objects that are the same in some way but different in others.

Mathematics

1 - Play

Children engage in play to develop their mathematical thinking and problem solving.

a - Begin to make groups and match objects.

Mathematics Knowledge & Skills

Patterns: The recognition of patterns, sequencing, and critical thinking skills necessary to predict and classify objects in a pattern.

Sorts, classifies, and serializes (puts in a pattern) objects using attributes, such as color, shape, or size.

Mathematics Knowledge & Skills

Patterns: The recognition of patterns, sequencing, and critical thinking skills necessary to predict and classify objects in a pattern.

Sorts, classifies, and serializes (puts in a pattern) objects using attributes, such as color, shape, or size.

Cognitive

13 - Uses classification skills

 - 

8 - Groups objects by more than one characteristic at the same time; switches sorting rules when asked, and explains the reasons

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

14 - Uses symbols and images to represent something not present

a - Thinks symbolically

2 - Recognizes people, objects, and animals in pictures or photographs

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

14 - Uses symbols and images to represent something not present

a - Thinks symbolically

4 - Draws or constructs, and then identifies what it is

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

14 - Uses symbols and images to represent something not present

a - Thinks symbolically

6 - Plans and then uses drawings, constructions, movements, and dramatizations to represent ideas

Science

Physical Science

1 - Objects have properties and characteristics

c - Collect, describe, and record information through discussion, drawings, and charts

Science

Life Science

1 - Living things have characteristics and basic needs

d - Collect, describe, and record information about living things through discussion, drawings, and charts

Science

Life Science

2 - Living things develop in predictable patterns

c - Make and record by drawing, acting out, or describing observations of living things and how they change over time

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

1 - Print conveys meaning

f - Generate a picture or written response to a read-aloud that identifies the who or what of the story or text

Reading and Writing

Writing and Composition

1 - Pictures express ideas

a - Draw pictures to generate, represent, and express ideas or share information

Reading and Writing

Writing and Composition

1 - Pictures express ideas

b - Orally describe or tell about a picture

Social Studies

Geography

1 - Develop spatial understanding, perspectives, and connections to the world.

e - Use nonlinguistic representations to show understanding of geographic terms

Visual Arts

Invent and Discover to Create

1 - Create works of art based on personal relevance

c - Create visual narratives from familiar stories and subject matter

Creative Representation

J - Drawing and painting pictures

3 - Child draws or paints something and explains what it stands for.

Creative Representation

J - Drawing and painting pictures

3 - Child draws or paints something and explains what it stands for.

Mathematics and Science

DD - Identifying sequence, change, and causality

2 - Child describes a sequence of events.

Mathematics and Science

FF - Identifying natural and living things

4 - Child identifies a change (in a material or the environment) and a possible cause.

Language Development and Communication

3 - Speaking and Communicating

Children will use verbal and non-verbal language to express and communicate information.

a - Communicate needs or thoughts through nonverbal gestures, actions, expressions and words. Participate in communication around a topic.

Literacy

2 - Early Writing

Children demonstrate an interest and ability to use symbols to represent words and ideas.

e - Begin to dictate ideas, sentences and stories.

Literacy

5 - Early Reading - Comprehension

Children demonstrate an interest in understanding that spoken and written words have meaning.

c - Demonstrate understanding of the meaning of a story.

Science

2 - Scientific Knowledge

Children learn about the development of the natural and physical world.

a - Collect, describe and learn to record information through discussion, drawings and charts.

Science

2 - Scientific Knowledge

Children learn about the development of the natural and physical world.

a - Collect, describe and learn to record information through discussion, drawings and charts.

Science

3 - Scientific Skills and Methods

Children begin to use scientific tools and methods to learn about their world.

a - Explore the natural processes of growing, changing and adapting to the environment.

Science

3 - Scientific Skills and Methods

Children begin to use scientific tools and methods to learn about their world.

b - Make simple observations, predictions, explanations and generalizations based on real life experiences.

Creativity

2 - Creative Expression

Children engage in individual or group activities that represent real-life experiences, ideas, knowledge, feelings and fantasy.

d - Plan, work cooperatively and create drawings, paintings, sculptures and other art projects.

Creativity

3 - Tools

Children use a variety of tools and art media to creatively express their ideas.

a - Experiment with different tools to creatively express and present ideas.

Creativity

3 - Tools

Children use a variety of tools and art media to creatively express their ideas.

a - Experiment with different tools to creatively express and present ideas.

Physical Development & Health

Fine Motor Skills: The control of small muscles for such purposes as using utensils, self-care, building, and exploring.

Manipulates writing, drawing, and art tools.

Logic & Reasoning

Symbolic Representation: The use of symbols or objects to represent something else.

Represents people, places, or things through drawings, movement, and three-dimensional objects.

Logic & Reasoning

Symbolic Representation: The use of symbols or objects to represent something else.

Represents people, places, or things through drawings, movement, and three-dimensional objects.

Logic & Reasoning

Symbolic Representation: The use of symbols or objects to represent something else.

Represents people, places, or things through drawings, movement, and three-dimensional objects.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Book Appreciation and Knowledge: The interest in books and their characteristics, and the ability to understand and get meaning from stories and information from books and other texts.

Asks and answers questions and makes comments about print materials.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Book Appreciation and Knowledge: The interest in books and their characteristics, and the ability to understand and get meaning from stories and information from books and other texts.

Retells stories or information from books through conversation, artistic works, creative movement, or drama.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Early Writing: The familiarity with writing implements, conventions, and emerging skills to communicate through written representations, symbols, and letters.

Recognizes that writing is a way of communicating for a variety of purposes, such as giving information, sharing stories, or giving an opinion.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Early Writing: The familiarity with writing implements, conventions, and emerging skills to communicate through written representations, symbols, and letters.

Uses scribbles, shapes, pictures, and letters to represent objects, stories, experiences, or ideas.

Science Knowledge & Skills

Scientific Skills & Method: The skills to observe and collect information and use it to ask questions, predict, explain, and draw conclusions.

Collects, describes, and records information through discussions, drawings, maps, and charts.

Science Knowledge & Skills

Scientific Skills & Method: The skills to observe and collect information and use it to ask questions, predict, explain, and draw conclusions.

Collects, describes, and records information through discussions, drawings, maps, and charts.

Science Knowledge & Skills

Scientific Skills & Method: The skills to observe and collect information and use it to ask questions, predict, explain, and draw conclusions.

Collects, describes, and records information through discussions, drawings, maps, and charts.

Creative Arts Expression

Art: The use of a range of media and materials to create drawings, pictures, or other objects.

Creates artistic works that reflect thoughts, feelings, experiences, or knowledge.

Social Studies Knowledge & Skills

Self, Family, & Community: The understanding of one’s relationship to the family and community, roles in the family and community, and respect for diversity.

Describes or draws aspects of the geography of the classroom, home, and community.

Cognitive

14 - Uses symbols and images to represent something not present

a - Thinks symbolically

8 - Represents objects, places, and ideas with increasingly abstract symbols

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

14 - Uses symbols and images to represent something not present

b - Engages in sociodramatic play

2 - Imitates actions of others during play; uses real objects as props

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

14 - Uses symbols and images to represent something not present

b - Engages in sociodramatic play

4 - Acts out familiar or imaginary scenarios; may use props to stand for something else

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Cognitive

14 - Uses symbols and images to represent something not present

b - Engages in sociodramatic play

6 - Interacts with two or more children during pretend play, assigning and/or assuming roles and discussing actions; sustains play scenario for up to 10 minutes

Drama

Perform

1 - Use dramatic play to imitate characters

c - Initiate sustained dramatic play

Reading and Writing

Research and Reasoning

1 - Relevant information is different from nonrelevant information

b - Begin to identify key features of reality versus fantasy in stories, pictures, and events

Creative Representation

K - Pretending

4 - Child engages in role play with two or more other children.

Creativity

1 - Play

Children engage in play as a means of self-expression and creativity.

a - Engage in spontaneous imaginative play using a variety of materials to dramatize stories and experiences.

Creativity

1 - Play

Children engage in play as a means of self-expression and creativity.

b - Use movement, a variety of media and music while playing to represent stories, moods and experiences.

Creativity

2 - Creative Expression

Children engage in individual or group activities that represent real-life experiences, ideas, knowledge, feelings and fantasy.

a - Explore various roles in dramatic play through the use of props, language and fantasy roles with others.

Logic & Reasoning

Symbolic Representation: The use of symbols or objects to represent something else.

Engages in pretend play and acts out roles.

Logic & Reasoning

Symbolic Representation: The use of symbols or objects to represent something else.

Recognizes the difference between pretend or fantasy situations and reality.

Cognitive

14 - Uses symbols and images to represent something not present

b - Engages in sociodramatic play

8 - Plans and negotiates complex role play; joins in detailed conversation about roles and actions; play may extend over several days

No Match No Match No Match No Match