Preschool Standards & Assessments

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Teaching Strategies GOLD Preschool Academic Standards HighScope COR Colorado Building Blocks Head Start Child Development & Early Learning Framework

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

a - Notices and discriminates rhyme

2 - Joins in rhyming songs and games

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

a - Notices and discriminates rhyme

4 - Fills in the missing rhyming word; generates rhyming words spontaneously

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

2 - Listening and comprehension skills are required to be clearly understood

b - Recite songs, poems, and stories with repeated rhyme

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

3 - Early knowledge of phonemic awareness is the building block of understanding language

a - Recognize patterns of sounds in songs, storytelling, and poetry

Language and Literacy

T - Showing awareness of sounds in words

2 - Child joins in saying or repeating a rhyme or a series of words that start with the same sound.

Language and Literacy

T - Showing awareness of sounds in words

2 - Child joins in saying or repeating a rhyme or a series of words that start with the same sound.

Language Development and Communication

2 - Listening and Understanding

Children develop skills in listening and in understanding language.

a - Listen and understand stories, songs and poems.

Literacy

3 - Early Reading - Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Children demonstrate an interest in learning letters and the combination of letter sounds with letter symbols

a - Show increasing ability to discriminate and identify the sounds of language.

Literacy

3 - Early Reading - Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Children demonstrate an interest in learning letters and the combination of letter sounds with letter symbols

e - Recognize and generate rhymes.

Language Development

Expressive Language: The ability to use language.

Uses different forms of language.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Phonological Awareness: An awareness that language can be broken into words, syllables, and smaller pieces of sound.

Identifies and discriminates between words in language.

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

a - Notices and discriminates rhyme

6 - Decides whether two words rhyme

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

3 - Early knowledge of phonemic awareness is the building block of understanding language

c - Recognize rhyming words and alliterations

Language and Literacy

T - Showing awareness of sounds in words

2 - Child joins in saying or repeating a rhyme or a series of words that start with the same sound.

Literacy

3 - Early Reading - Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Children demonstrate an interest in learning letters and the combination of letter sounds with letter symbols

e - Recognize and generate rhymes.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Phonological Awareness: An awareness that language can be broken into words, syllables, and smaller pieces of sound.

Identifies and discriminates between words in language.

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

a - Notices and discriminates rhyme

8 - Generates a group of rhyming words when given a word

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

b - Notices and discriminates alliteration

2 - Sings songs and recites rhymes and refrains with repeating initial sounds

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

b - Notices and discriminates alliteration

4 - Shows awareness that some words begin the same way

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

3 - Early knowledge of phonemic awareness is the building block of understanding language

a - Recognize patterns of sounds in songs, storytelling, and poetry

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

3 - Early knowledge of phonemic awareness is the building block of understanding language

c - Recognize rhyming words and alliterations

Language and Literacy

T - Showing awareness of sounds in words

2 - Child joins in saying or repeating a rhyme or a series of words that start with the same sound.

Language and Literacy

T - Showing awareness of sounds in words

2 - Child joins in saying or repeating a rhyme or a series of words that start with the same sound.

Literacy

3 - Early Reading - Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Children demonstrate an interest in learning letters and the combination of letter sounds with letter symbols

a - Show increasing ability to discriminate and identify the sounds of language.

Literacy

3 - Early Reading - Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Children demonstrate an interest in learning letters and the combination of letter sounds with letter symbols

e - Recognize and generate rhymes.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Phonological Awareness: An awareness that language can be broken into words, syllables, and smaller pieces of sound.

Identifies and discriminates between words in language.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Alphabet Knowledge: The names and sounds associated with letters.

Recognizes that letters of the alphabet have distinct sound(s) associated with them.

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

b - Notices and discriminates alliteration

6 - Matches beginning sounds of some words

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

b - Notices and discriminates alliteration

8 - Isolates and identifies the beginning sound of a word

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

c - Notices and discriminates smaller and smaller units of sound

2 - Hears and shows awareness of separate words in sentences

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

c - Notices and discriminates smaller and smaller units of sound

4 - Hears and shows awareness of separate syllables in words

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

3 - Early knowledge of phonemic awareness is the building block of understanding language

b - Understand that words are made up of one or more syllables

No Match

Literacy

3 - Early Reading - Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Children demonstrate an interest in learning letters and the combination of letter sounds with letter symbols

c - Show growing ability to hear and discriminate separate syllables in words.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Phonological Awareness: An awareness that language can be broken into words, syllables, and smaller pieces of sound.

Identifies and discriminates between separate syllables in words.

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

c - Notices and discriminates smaller and smaller units of sound

6 - Verbally separates and blends onset and rime

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

c - Notices and discriminates smaller and smaller units of sound

8 - Verbally separates and blends individual phonemes in words

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

16 - Demonstrates knowledge of the alphabet

a - Identifies and names letters

2 - Recognizes and names a few letters in own name

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

16 - Demonstrates knowledge of the alphabet

a - Identifies and names letters

4 - Recognizes as many as 10 letters, especially those in own name

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

2 - Symbol, object, and letter recognition is a fundamental of reading and requires accuracy and speed

b - Recognize the names of a minimum of 10 letters of the alphabet, specifically letters in own name

Language and Literacy

V - Using letter names and sounds

4 - Child names 10 or more letters over time.

Literacy

6 - Early Reading - Print Awareness and Concepts

Children demonstrate an interest in recognizing the association between spoken and written words by following print as it is read aloud.

d - Recognize some letters and words captured in books and in the environment.

Literacy

7 - Early Reading - Alphabet Knowledge

Children demonstrate and interest in recognizing that symbols are associated with letters of the alphabetand that they form words.

a - Know the names of some letters and words

Literacy

7 - Early Reading - Alphabet Knowledge

Children demonstrate and interest in recognizing that symbols are associated with letters of the alphabetand that they form words.

b - Identify some letters in print

Literacy

7 - Early Reading - Alphabet Knowledge

Children demonstrate and interest in recognizing that symbols are associated with letters of the alphabetand that they form words.

c - Know the names of most letters in own name.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Print Concepts & Conventions: The concepts about print and early decoding (identifying letter-sound relationships).

Recognizes print in everyday life, such as numbers, letters, one’s name, words, and familiar logos and signs.

Literacy

16 - Demonstrates knowledge of the alphabet

a - Identifies and names letters

6 - Identifies and names 11-20 upper- and 11-20 lowercase letters when presented in random order

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

16 - Demonstrates knowledge of the alphabet

a - Identifies and names letters

8 - Identifies and names all upper- and lowercase letters when presented in random order

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

16 - Demonstrates knowledge of the alphabet

b - Uses letter–sound knowledge

2 - Identifies the sounds of a few letters

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

3 - Early knowledge of phonemic awareness is the building block of understanding language

d - Demonstrate understanding of initial sounds in words (such as mop begins with the /m/ sound)

Language and Literacy

T - Showing awareness of sounds in words

4 - Child says that two words begin with the same sound.

Literacy

3 - Early Reading - Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Children demonstrate an interest in learning letters and the combination of letter sounds with letter symbols

b - Demonstrate growing awareness of the beginning sounds of words.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Phonological Awareness: An awareness that language can be broken into words, syllables, and smaller pieces of sound.

Identifies and discriminates between sounds and phonemes in language, such as attention to beginning and ending sounds of words and recognition that different words begin or end with the same sound.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Alphabet Knowledge: The names and sounds associated with letters.

Attends to the beginning letters and sounds in familiar words.

Literacy

16 - Demonstrates knowledge of the alphabet

b - Uses letter–sound knowledge

4 - Produces the correct sounds for 10-20 letters

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

16 - Demonstrates knowledge of the alphabet

b - Uses letter–sound knowledge

6 - Shows understanding that a sequence of letters represents a sequence of spoken sounds

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

16 - Demonstrates knowledge of the alphabet

b - Uses letter–sound knowledge

8 - Applies letter-sound correspondence when attempting to read and write

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

17 - Demonstrates knowledge of print and its uses

a - Uses and appreciates books

2 - Shows interest in books

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

17 - Demonstrates knowledge of print and its uses

a - Uses and appreciates books

4 - Orients book correctly; turns pages from front of the book to the back; recognizes familiar books by their covers

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

1 - Print conveys meaning

a - Hold books in upright position, turn pages sequentially, recognize correct orientation (top to bottom, left to right)

Language and Literacy

U - Demonstrating knowledge about books

2 - Child holds a book right-side up, turns the pages, and looks at them.

Literacy

4 - Early Reading - Book Knowledge and Appreciation

Children demonstrate an understanding and appreciation that books and other forms of print have a purpose.

c - Handle and care for books in a respectful manner.

Literacy

6 - Early Reading - Print Awareness and Concepts

Children demonstrate an interest in recognizing the association between spoken and written words by following print as it is read aloud.

a - Explore and investigate books and other forms of print.

Literacy

6 - Early Reading - Print Awareness and Concepts

Children demonstrate an interest in recognizing the association between spoken and written words by following print as it is read aloud.

c - Show an increasing awareness of how books are organized.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Book Appreciation and Knowledge: The interest in books and their characteristics, and the ability to understand and get meaning from stories and information from books and other texts.

Recognizes how books are read, such as front-to-back and one page at a time, and recognizes basic characteristics, such as title, author, and illustrator.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Print Concepts & Conventions: The concepts about print and early decoding (identifying letter-sound relationships).

Understands conventions, such as print moves from left to right and top to bottom of a page.

Literacy

17 - Demonstrates knowledge of print and its uses

a - Uses and appreciates books

6 - Knows some features of a book (title, author, illustrator); connects specific books to authors

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

17 - Demonstrates knowledge of print and its uses

a - Uses and appreciates books

8 - Uses various types of books for their intended purposes

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

17 - Demonstrates knowledge of print and its uses

b - Uses print concepts

2 - Shows understanding that text is meaningful and can be read

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

1 - Print conveys meaning

b - Recognize print in the environment

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

1 - Print conveys meaning

c - Recognize that printed material conveys meaning and connects to the reader’s world

Language and Literacy

U - Demonstrating knowledge about books

5 - Child points to the words in a book or follows a line of text while telling or reading the story.

Language and Literacy

W - Reading

3 - Child calls attention to print.

Literacy

3 - Early Reading - Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Children demonstrate an interest in learning letters and the combination of letter sounds with letter symbols

d - Begin to associate sounds with written words.

Literacy

6 - Early Reading - Print Awareness and Concepts

Children demonstrate an interest in recognizing the association between spoken and written words by following print as it is read aloud.

a - Explore and investigate books and other forms of print.

Literacy

6 - Early Reading - Print Awareness and Concepts

Children demonstrate an interest in recognizing the association between spoken and written words by following print as it is read aloud.

c - Show an increasing awareness of how books are organized.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Print Concepts & Conventions: The concepts about print and early decoding (identifying letter-sound relationships).

Recognizes print in everyday life, such as numbers, letters, one’s name, words, and familiar logos and signs.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Print Concepts & Conventions: The concepts about print and early decoding (identifying letter-sound relationships).

Understands that print conveys meaning.

Literacy

17 - Demonstrates knowledge of print and its uses

b - Uses print concepts

4 - Indicates where to start reading and the direction to follow

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

17 - Demonstrates knowledge of print and its uses

b - Uses print concepts

6 - Shows awareness of various features of print: letters, words, spaces, upper- and lowercase letters, some punctuation

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

2 - Symbol, object, and letter recognition is a fundamental of reading and requires accuracy and speed

a - Recognize own name in print

Language and Literacy

W - Reading

4 - Child recognizes a written word.

Literacy

3 - Early Reading - Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Children demonstrate an interest in learning letters and the combination of letter sounds with letter symbols

e - Recognize and generate rhymes.

Literacy

6 - Early Reading - Print Awareness and Concepts

Children demonstrate an interest in recognizing the association between spoken and written words by following print as it is read aloud.

e - Recognize own name in print

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Print Concepts & Conventions: The concepts about print and early decoding (identifying letter-sound relationships).

Recognizes print in everyday life, such as numbers, letters, one’s name, words, and familiar logos and signs.

Literacy

17 - Demonstrates knowledge of print and its uses

b - Uses print concepts

8 - Matches a written word with a spoken word but it may not be the actual written word; tracks print from the end of a line of text to the beginning of the next line

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

18 - Comprehends and responds to books and other texts

a - Interacts during read-alouds and book conversations

2 - Contributes particular language from the book at the appropriate time

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

18 - Comprehends and responds to books and other texts

a - Interacts during read-alouds and book conversations

4 - Asks and answers questions about the text; refers to pictures

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

18 - Comprehends and responds to books and other texts

a - Interacts during read-alouds and book conversations

6 - Identifies story-related problems, events, and resolutions during conversations with an adult

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

1 - Print conveys meaning

e - Make predictions based on illustrations or portions of story or text

Language and Literacy

U - Demonstrating knowledge about books

4 - Looking at the pictures in a book, child tells the story or makes up a story related to the pictures.

Literacy

4 - Early Reading - Book Knowledge and Appreciation

Children demonstrate an understanding and appreciation that books and other forms of print have a purpose.

a - Attempt to read or tell a story and guess what happens next.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Book Appreciation and Knowledge: The interest in books and their characteristics, and the ability to understand and get meaning from stories and information from books and other texts.

Asks and answers questions and makes comments about print materials.

Literacy

18 - Comprehends and responds to books and other texts

a - Interacts during read-alouds and book conversations

8 - Reconstructs story using pictures, text, and props; begins to make inferences and draw conclusions

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

18 - Comprehends and responds to books and other texts

b - Uses emergent reading skills

2 - Pretends to read a familiar book, treating each page as a separate unit; names and describes what is on each page, using pictures as cues

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

1 - Print conveys meaning

d - Use and interpret illustrations to gain meaning

Language and Literacy

W - Reading

2 - Child says what a picture or symbol represents.

Literacy

5 - Early Reading - Comprehension

Children demonstrate an interest in understanding that spoken and written words have meaning.

c - Demonstrate understanding of the meaning of a story.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Book Appreciation and Knowledge: The interest in books and their characteristics, and the ability to understand and get meaning from stories and information from books and other texts.

Asks and answers questions and makes comments about print materials.

Literacy

18 - Comprehends and responds to books and other texts

b - Uses emergent reading skills

4 - Pretends to read, using some of the language from the text; describes the action across the pages, using pictures to order the events; may need prompts from adult

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

18 - Comprehends and responds to books and other texts

b - Uses emergent reading skills

6 - Pretends to read, reciting language that closely matches the text on each page and using reading-like intonation

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

18 - Comprehends and responds to books and other texts

b - Uses emergent reading skills

8 - Tries to match oral language to words on page; points to words as reads; uses different strategies (e.g., sounding out words, known words, and patterns in text) to make meaning from print

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

18 - Comprehends and responds to books and other texts

c - Retells stories

2 - Retells some events from familiar story with close adult prompting

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

18 - Comprehends and responds to books and other texts

c - Retells stories

4 - Retells familiar stories, using pictures or props as prompts

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

18 - Comprehends and responds to books and other texts

c - Retells stories

6 - Retells a familiar story in proper sequence, including major events and characters

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

18 - Comprehends and responds to books and other texts

c - Retells stories

8 - Retells stories with many details about characters, events, and storylines

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

19 - Demonstrates emergent writing skills

a - Writes name

1 - Scribbles or marks

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

19 - Demonstrates emergent writing skills

a - Writes name

2 - Controlled linear scribbles

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

19 - Demonstrates emergent writing skills

a - Writes name

3 - Mock letters or letter-like forms

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

19 - Demonstrates emergent writing skills

a - Writes name

4 - Letter strings

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

19 - Demonstrates emergent writing skills

a - Writes name

5 - Partially accurate name

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

19 - Demonstrates emergent writing skills

a - Writes name

6 - Accurate name

Reading and Writing

Writing and Composition

2 - Letters are formed with accuracy

b - Write and recognize letters in own name

Language and Literacy

V - Using letter names and sounds

0 - Child identifies personal label or a letter in own name.

Literacy

2 - Early Writing

Children demonstrate an interest and ability to use symbols to represent words and ideas.

a - Begin to print letters in own name.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Print Concepts & Conventions: The concepts about print and early decoding (identifying letter-sound relationships).

Recognizes print in everyday life, such as numbers, letters, one’s name, words, and familiar logos and signs.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Early Writing: The familiarity with writing implements, conventions, and emerging skills to communicate through written representations, symbols, and letters.

Copies, traces, or independently writes letters or words.

Literacy

19 - Demonstrates emergent writing skills

b - Writes to convey meaning

1 - Scribbles or marks

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

19 - Demonstrates emergent writing skills

b - Writes to convey meaning

2 - Controlled linear scribbles

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

19 - Demonstrates emergent writing skills

b - Writes to convey meaning

3 - Mock letters or letter-like forms

Reading and Writing

Writing and Composition

1 - Pictures express ideas

c - Use shapes, letter-like symbols, and letters to represent words or ideas

Language and Literacy

X - Writing

1 - Child writes using pictures, squiggles, or letterlike forms.

Literacy

2 - Early Writing

Children demonstrate an interest and ability to use symbols to represent words and ideas.

d - Use scribbles, shapes, letter-like symbols and letters to write or represent words or ideas.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Early Writing: The familiarity with writing implements, conventions, and emerging skills to communicate through written representations, symbols, and letters.

Uses scribbles, shapes, pictures, and letters to represent objects, stories, experiences, or ideas.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Early Writing: The familiarity with writing implements, conventions, and emerging skills to communicate through written representations, symbols, and letters.

Copies, traces, or independently writes letters or words.

Literacy

19 - Demonstrates emergent writing skills

b - Writes to convey meaning

4 - Letter strings

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

19 - Demonstrates emergent writing skills

b - Writes to convey meaning

5 - Early invested spelling

No Match No Match No Match No Match

Literacy

19 - Demonstrates emergent writing skills

b - Writes to convey meaning

6 - Late invented spelling

No Match No Match No Match No Match