Preschool Standards & Assessments

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Preschool Academic Standards Teaching Strategies GOLD HighScope COR Colorado Building Blocks Head Start Child Development & Early Learning Framework

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

1 - Conceptual understanding conveyed through vocabulary words can occur using a variety of modalities

a - Identify and sort common objects, events, pictures, words, colors, shapes, and textures into various classifications

Cognitive

13 - Uses classification skills

 - 

4 - Places objects in two or more groups based on differences in a single characteristic, e.g., color, size, or shape

Mathematics and Science

Y - Sorting objects

2 - Child sorts a collection into smaller groups of similar objects.

Mathematics

1 - Play

Children engage in play to develop their mathematical thinking and problem solving.

a - Begin to make groups and match objects.

Mathematics

3 - Geometry and Spatial Sense

Children show an interest in recognizing and creating shapes and an awareness of position in space.

a - Describe and name common shapes found in the natural environment.

Mathematics Knowledge & Skills

Patterns: The recognition of patterns, sequencing, and critical thinking skills necessary to predict and classify objects in a pattern.

Sorts, classifies, and serializes (puts in a pattern) objects using attributes, such as color, shape, or size.

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

1 - Conceptual understanding conveyed through vocabulary words can occur using a variety of modalities

b - Begin to identify and use special concepts (first/last, over/under, etc.)

Mathematics

21 - Explores and describes spatial relationships and shapes

a - Understands spatial relationships

6 - Uses and responds appropriately to positional words indicating location, direction, and distance

Mathematics

22 - Compares and measures

 - 

4 - Compares and orders a small set of objects as appropriate according to size, length, weight, area, or volume; knows usual sequence of basic daily events and a few ordinal numbers

Mathematics and Science

CC - Identifying position and direction

2 - Child uses a position word.

Mathematics

3 - Geometry and Spatial Sense

Children show an interest in recognizing and creating shapes and an awareness of position in space.

b - Use language to understand the arrangement, order and position of objects that are on top of, next to, on the bottom, underneath, beside and in front of other objects.

Language Development

Receptive Language: The ability to comprehend or understand language.

Comprehends increasingly complex and varied vocabulary.

Language Development

Expressive Language: The ability to use language.

Uses increasingly complex and varied vocabulary.

Mathematics Knowledge & Skills

Geometry & Spatial Sense: The understanding of shapes, their properties, and how objects are related to one another.

Understands directionality, order, and position of objects, such as up, down, in front, behind.

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

1 - Conceptual understanding conveyed through vocabulary words can occur using a variety of modalities

c - Demonstrate use of vocabulary in oral language to express ideas and events

Language

9 - Uses language to express thoughts and needs

a - Uses an expanding expressive vocabulary

6 - Describes and tells the use of many familiar items

Language

9 - Uses language to express thoughts and needs

d - Tells about another time or place

6 - Tells stories about other times and places that have a logical order and that include major details

Language and Literacy

S - Using complex patterns of speech

1 - Child uses words and phrases.

Language Development and Communication

3 - Speaking and Communicating

Children will use verbal and non-verbal language to express and communicate information.

a - Communicate needs or thoughts through nonverbal gestures, actions, expressions and words. Participate in communication around a topic.

Language Development

Expressive Language: The ability to use language.

Uses language to express ideas and needs.

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

1 - Conceptual understanding conveyed through vocabulary words can occur using a variety of modalities

d - Begin to understand that everyday words such as "cold" relate to extended vocabulary words such as "chilly"

Language

9 - Uses language to express thoughts and needs

a - Uses an expanding expressive vocabulary

6 - Describes and tells the use of many familiar items

Language and Literacy

R - Using vocabulary

3 - Child uses vocabulary related to a particular subject.

Language Development and Communication

3 - Speaking and Communicating

Children will use verbal and non-verbal language to express and communicate information.

d - Begin a conversation with other children and adults. Understand an increasingly complex and varied vocabulary.

Language Development

Receptive Language: The ability to comprehend or understand language.

Comprehends increasingly complex and varied vocabulary.

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

2 - Listening and comprehension skills are required to be clearly understood

a - Use language to express ideas in complete sentences (with support of sentence stems as needed)

Language

9 - Uses language to express thoughts and needs

c - Uses conventional grammar

6 - Uses complete, four- to six-word sentences

Language and Literacy

S - Using complex patterns of speech

2 - Child uses a sentence of four or more words.

Language Development and Communication

1 - Play

Children engage in play as a means to develop their listening and expressive langauge skills.

a - Develop and experiment with conversation during daily activities and interactions

Language Development and Communication

1 - Play

Children engage in play as a means to develop their listening and expressive langauge skills.

b - Represent stories and experiences through play

Language Development and Communication

1 - Play

Children engage in play as a means to develop their listening and expressive langauge skills.

c - Think and talk about play experiences

Language Development and Communication

3 - Speaking and Communicating

Children will use verbal and non-verbal language to express and communicate information.

b - Use more complex and longer sentences.

Language Development

Expressive Language: The ability to use language.

Uses different grammatical structures for a variety of purposes.

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

2 - Listening and comprehension skills are required to be clearly understood

b - Recite songs, poems, and stories with repeated rhyme

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

a - Notices and discriminates rhyme

4 - Fills in the missing rhyming word; generates rhyming words spontaneously

Language and Literacy

T - Showing awareness of sounds in words

2 - Child joins in saying or repeating a rhyme or a series of words that start with the same sound.

Language Development and Communication

2 - Listening and Understanding

Children develop skills in listening and in understanding language.

a - Listen and understand stories, songs and poems.

Literacy

3 - Early Reading - Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Children demonstrate an interest in learning letters and the combination of letter sounds with letter symbols

e - Recognize and generate rhymes.

Language Development

Expressive Language: The ability to use language.

Uses different forms of language.

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

2 - Listening and comprehension skills are required to be clearly understood

c - Listen with comprehension, and follow two-step directions

Language

8 - Listens to and understands increasingly

a - Comprehends language

6 - Responds appropriately to specific vocabulary and simple statements, questions, and stories

Language

8 - complex language

b - Follows directions

6 - Follows directions of two or more steps that relate to familiar objects and experiences

Mathematics and Science

DD - Identifying sequence, change, and causality

0 - Child carries out a two-step action sequence or procedure.

Language Development and Communication

2 - Listening and Understanding

Children develop skills in listening and in understanding language.

b -  Listen and increasingly understand conversations and questions.

Language Development and Communication

2 - Listening and Understanding

Children develop skills in listening and in understanding language.

c - Follow directions that involve multiple steps.

Language Development

Receptive Language: The ability to comprehend or understand language.

Attends to language during conversations, songs, stories, or other learning experiences.

Language Development

Receptive Language: The ability to comprehend or understand language.

Comprehends increasingly complex and varied vocabulary.

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

2 - Listening and comprehension skills are required to be clearly understood

d - Remember spoken information for a short period of time

Cognitive

12 - Remembers and connects experiences

a - Recognizes and recalls

6 - Tells about experience in order, provides details, and evaluates the experience; recalls 3 or 4 items removed from view

No Match

Approaches to Learning

6 - Application

Children use their prior experiences, sense and knowledge to learn in new ways.

b - Use prior knowledge to understand new experiences

No Match

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

3 - Early knowledge of phonemic awareness is the building block of understanding language

a - Recognize patterns of sounds in songs, storytelling, and poetry

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

a - Notices and discriminates rhyme

4 - Fills in the missing rhyming word; generates rhyming words spontaneously

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

b - Notices and discriminates alliteration

4 - Shows awareness that some words begin the same way

Language and Literacy

T - Showing awareness of sounds in words

2 - Child joins in saying or repeating a rhyme or a series of words that start with the same sound.

Literacy

3 - Early Reading - Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Children demonstrate an interest in learning letters and the combination of letter sounds with letter symbols

a - Show increasing ability to discriminate and identify the sounds of language.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Phonological Awareness: An awareness that language can be broken into words, syllables, and smaller pieces of sound.

Identifies and discriminates between words in language.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Alphabet Knowledge: The names and sounds associated with letters.

Recognizes that letters of the alphabet have distinct sound(s) associated with them.

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

3 - Early knowledge of phonemic awareness is the building block of understanding language

b - Understand that words are made up of one or more syllables

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

c - Notices and discriminates smaller and smaller units of sound

4 - Hears and shows awareness of separate syllables in words

No Match

Literacy

3 - Early Reading - Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Children demonstrate an interest in learning letters and the combination of letter sounds with letter symbols

c - Show growing ability to hear and discriminate separate syllables in words.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Phonological Awareness: An awareness that language can be broken into words, syllables, and smaller pieces of sound.

Identifies and discriminates between separate syllables in words.

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

3 - Early knowledge of phonemic awareness is the building block of understanding language

c - Recognize rhyming words and alliterations

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

a - Notices and discriminates rhyme

6 - Decides whether two words rhyme

Literacy

15 - Demonstrates phonological awareness

b - Notices and discriminates alliteration

4 - Shows awareness that some words begin the same way

Language and Literacy

T - Showing awareness of sounds in words

2 - Child joins in saying or repeating a rhyme or a series of words that start with the same sound.

Literacy

3 - Early Reading - Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Children demonstrate an interest in learning letters and the combination of letter sounds with letter symbols

e - Recognize and generate rhymes.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Phonological Awareness: An awareness that language can be broken into words, syllables, and smaller pieces of sound.

Identifies and discriminates between words in language.

Reading and Writing

Oral Expression and Listening

3 - Early knowledge of phonemic awareness is the building block of understanding language

d - Demonstrate understanding of initial sounds in words (such as mop begins with the /m/ sound)

Literacy

16 - Demonstrates knowledge of the alphabet

b - Uses letter–sound knowledge

2 - Identifies the sounds of a few letters

Language and Literacy

T - Showing awareness of sounds in words

4 - Child says that two words begin with the same sound.

Literacy

3 - Early Reading - Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Children demonstrate an interest in learning letters and the combination of letter sounds with letter symbols

b - Demonstrate growing awareness of the beginning sounds of words.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Phonological Awareness: An awareness that language can be broken into words, syllables, and smaller pieces of sound.

Identifies and discriminates between sounds and phonemes in language, such as attention to beginning and ending sounds of words and recognition that different words begin or end with the same sound.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Alphabet Knowledge: The names and sounds associated with letters.

Attends to the beginning letters and sounds in familiar words.

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

1 - Print conveys meaning

a - Hold books in upright position, turn pages sequentially, recognize correct orientation (top to bottom, left to right)

Literacy

17 - Demonstrates knowledge of print and its uses

a - Uses and appreciates books

4 - Orients book correctly; turns pages from front of the book to the back; recognizes familiar books by their covers

Language and Literacy

U - Demonstrating knowledge about books

2 - Child holds a book right-side up, turns the pages, and looks at them.

Literacy

4 - Early Reading - Book Knowledge and Appreciation

Children demonstrate an understanding and appreciation that books and other forms of print have a purpose.

c - Handle and care for books in a respectful manner.

Literacy

6 - Early Reading - Print Awareness and Concepts

Children demonstrate an interest in recognizing the association between spoken and written words by following print as it is read aloud.

a - Explore and investigate books and other forms of print.

Literacy

6 - Early Reading - Print Awareness and Concepts

Children demonstrate an interest in recognizing the association between spoken and written words by following print as it is read aloud.

c - Show an increasing awareness of how books are organized.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Book Appreciation and Knowledge: The interest in books and their characteristics, and the ability to understand and get meaning from stories and information from books and other texts.

Recognizes how books are read, such as front-to-back and one page at a time, and recognizes basic characteristics, such as title, author, and illustrator.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Print Concepts & Conventions: The concepts about print and early decoding (identifying letter-sound relationships).

Understands conventions, such as print moves from left to right and top to bottom of a page.

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

1 - Print conveys meaning

b - Recognize print in the environment

Literacy

17 - Demonstrates knowledge of print and its uses

b - Uses print concepts

2 - Shows understanding that text is meaningful and can be read

Language and Literacy

W - Reading

3 - Child calls attention to print.

Literacy

3 - Early Reading - Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Children demonstrate an interest in learning letters and the combination of letter sounds with letter symbols

d - Begin to associate sounds with written words.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Print Concepts & Conventions: The concepts about print and early decoding (identifying letter-sound relationships).

Recognizes print in everyday life, such as numbers, letters, one’s name, words, and familiar logos and signs.

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

1 - Print conveys meaning

c - Recognize that printed material conveys meaning and connects to the reader’s world

Literacy

17 - Demonstrates knowledge of print and its uses

b - Uses print concepts

2 - Shows understanding that text is meaningful and can be read

Language and Literacy

U - Demonstrating knowledge about books

5 - Child points to the words in a book or follows a line of text while telling or reading the story.

Literacy

6 - Early Reading - Print Awareness and Concepts

Children demonstrate an interest in recognizing the association between spoken and written words by following print as it is read aloud.

a - Explore and investigate books and other forms of print.

Literacy

6 - Early Reading - Print Awareness and Concepts

Children demonstrate an interest in recognizing the association between spoken and written words by following print as it is read aloud.

c - Show an increasing awareness of how books are organized.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Print Concepts & Conventions: The concepts about print and early decoding (identifying letter-sound relationships).

Understands that print conveys meaning.

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

1 - Print conveys meaning

d - Use and interpret illustrations to gain meaning

Literacy

18 - Comprehends and responds to books and other texts

b - Uses emergent reading skills

2 - Pretends to read a familiar book, treating each page as a separate unit; names and describes what is on each page, using pictures as cues

Language and Literacy

W - Reading

2 - Child says what a picture or symbol represents.

Literacy

5 - Early Reading - Comprehension

Children demonstrate an interest in understanding that spoken and written words have meaning.

c - Demonstrate understanding of the meaning of a story.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Book Appreciation and Knowledge: The interest in books and their characteristics, and the ability to understand and get meaning from stories and information from books and other texts.

Asks and answers questions and makes comments about print materials.

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

1 - Print conveys meaning

e - Make predictions based on illustrations or portions of story or text

Literacy

18 - Comprehends and responds to books and other texts

a - Interacts during read-alouds and book conversations

6 - Identifies story-related problems, events, and resolutions during conversations with an adult

Language and Literacy

U - Demonstrating knowledge about books

4 - Looking at the pictures in a book, child tells the story or makes up a story related to the pictures.

Literacy

4 - Early Reading - Book Knowledge and Appreciation

Children demonstrate an understanding and appreciation that books and other forms of print have a purpose.

a - Attempt to read or tell a story and guess what happens next.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Book Appreciation and Knowledge: The interest in books and their characteristics, and the ability to understand and get meaning from stories and information from books and other texts.

Asks and answers questions and makes comments about print materials.

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

1 - Print conveys meaning

f - Generate a picture or written response to a read-aloud that identifies the who or what of the story or text

Cognitive

14 - Uses symbols and images to represent something not present

a - Thinks symbolically

6 - Plans and then uses drawings, constructions, movements, and dramatizations to represent ideas

No Match

Literacy

5 - Early Reading - Comprehension

Children demonstrate an interest in understanding that spoken and written words have meaning.

c - Demonstrate understanding of the meaning of a story.

Logic & Reasoning

Symbolic Representation: The use of symbols or objects to represent something else.

Represents people, places, or things through drawings, movement, and three-dimensional objects.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Book Appreciation and Knowledge: The interest in books and their characteristics, and the ability to understand and get meaning from stories and information from books and other texts.

Asks and answers questions and makes comments about print materials.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Book Appreciation and Knowledge: The interest in books and their characteristics, and the ability to understand and get meaning from stories and information from books and other texts.

Retells stories or information from books through conversation, artistic works, creative movement, or drama.

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

2 - Symbol, object, and letter recognition is a fundamental of reading and requires accuracy and speed

a - Recognize own name in print

Literacy

17 - Demonstrates knowledge of print and its uses

b - Uses print concepts

6 - Shows awareness of various features of print: letters, words, spaces, upper- and lowercase letters, some punctuation

Language and Literacy

W - Reading

4 - Child recognizes a written word.

Literacy

3 - Early Reading - Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Children demonstrate an interest in learning letters and the combination of letter sounds with letter symbols

e - Recognize and generate rhymes.

Literacy

6 - Early Reading - Print Awareness and Concepts

Children demonstrate an interest in recognizing the association between spoken and written words by following print as it is read aloud.

e - Recognize own name in print

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Print Concepts & Conventions: The concepts about print and early decoding (identifying letter-sound relationships).

Recognizes print in everyday life, such as numbers, letters, one’s name, words, and familiar logos and signs.

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

2 - Symbol, object, and letter recognition is a fundamental of reading and requires accuracy and speed

b - Recognize the names of a minimum of 10 letters of the alphabet, specifically letters in own name

Literacy

16 - Demonstrates knowledge of the alphabet

a - Identifies and names letters

4 - Recognizes as many as 10 letters, especially those in own name

Language and Literacy

V - Using letter names and sounds

4 - Child names 10 or more letters over time.

Literacy

6 - Early Reading - Print Awareness and Concepts

Children demonstrate an interest in recognizing the association between spoken and written words by following print as it is read aloud.

d - Recognize some letters and words captured in books and in the environment.

Literacy

7 - Early Reading - Alphabet Knowledge

Children demonstrate and interest in recognizing that symbols are associated with letters of the alphabetand that they form words.

a - Know the names of some letters and words

Literacy

7 - Early Reading - Alphabet Knowledge

Children demonstrate and interest in recognizing that symbols are associated with letters of the alphabetand that they form words.

b - Identify some letters in print

Literacy

7 - Early Reading - Alphabet Knowledge

Children demonstrate and interest in recognizing that symbols are associated with letters of the alphabetand that they form words.

c - Know the names of most letters in own name.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Print Concepts & Conventions: The concepts about print and early decoding (identifying letter-sound relationships).

Recognizes print in everyday life, such as numbers, letters, one’s name, words, and familiar logos and signs.

Reading and Writing

Reading for All Purposes

2 - Symbol, object, and letter recognition is a fundamental of reading and requires accuracy and speed

c - Begin to name familiar objects, colors, letters, and numbers rapidly and in random order

Language

9 - Uses language to express thoughts and needs

a - Uses an expanding expressive vocabulary

6 - Describes and tells the use of many familiar items

No Match

Language Development and Communication

3 - Speaking and Communicating

Children will use verbal and non-verbal language to express and communicate information.

a - Communicate needs or thoughts through nonverbal gestures, actions, expressions and words. Participate in communication around a topic.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Print Concepts & Conventions: The concepts about print and early decoding (identifying letter-sound relationships).

Recognizes print in everyday life, such as numbers, letters, one’s name, words, and familiar logos and signs.

Reading and Writing

Writing and Composition

1 - Pictures express ideas

a - Draw pictures to generate, represent, and express ideas or share information

Cognitive

14 - Uses symbols and images to represent something not present

a - Thinks symbolically

6 - Plans and then uses drawings, constructions, movements, and dramatizations to represent ideas

Creative Representation

J - Drawing and painting pictures

3 - Child draws or paints something and explains what it stands for.

Creativity

3 - Tools

Children use a variety of tools and art media to creatively express their ideas.

a - Experiment with different tools to creatively express and present ideas.

Physical Development & Health

Fine Motor Skills: The control of small muscles for such purposes as using utensils, self-care, building, and exploring.

Manipulates writing, drawing, and art tools.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Early Writing: The familiarity with writing implements, conventions, and emerging skills to communicate through written representations, symbols, and letters.

Uses scribbles, shapes, pictures, and letters to represent objects, stories, experiences, or ideas.

Reading and Writing

Writing and Composition

1 - Pictures express ideas

b - Orally describe or tell about a picture

Cognitive

14 - Uses symbols and images to represent something not present

a - Thinks symbolically

6 - Plans and then uses drawings, constructions, movements, and dramatizations to represent ideas

Creative Representation

J - Drawing and painting pictures

3 - Child draws or paints something and explains what it stands for.

Language Development and Communication

3 - Speaking and Communicating

Children will use verbal and non-verbal language to express and communicate information.

a - Communicate needs or thoughts through nonverbal gestures, actions, expressions and words. Participate in communication around a topic.

Literacy

2 - Early Writing

Children demonstrate an interest and ability to use symbols to represent words and ideas.

e - Begin to dictate ideas, sentences and stories.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Early Writing: The familiarity with writing implements, conventions, and emerging skills to communicate through written representations, symbols, and letters.

Recognizes that writing is a way of communicating for a variety of purposes, such as giving information, sharing stories, or giving an opinion.

Reading and Writing

Writing and Composition

1 - Pictures express ideas

c - Use shapes, letter-like symbols, and letters to represent words or ideas

Literacy

19 - Demonstrates emergent writing skills

b - Writes to convey meaning

3 - Mock letters or letter-like forms

Language and Literacy

X - Writing

1 - Child writes using pictures, squiggles, or letterlike forms.

Literacy

2 - Early Writing

Children demonstrate an interest and ability to use symbols to represent words and ideas.

d - Use scribbles, shapes, letter-like symbols and letters to write or represent words or ideas.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Early Writing: The familiarity with writing implements, conventions, and emerging skills to communicate through written representations, symbols, and letters.

Uses scribbles, shapes, pictures, and letters to represent objects, stories, experiences, or ideas.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Early Writing: The familiarity with writing implements, conventions, and emerging skills to communicate through written representations, symbols, and letters.

Copies, traces, or independently writes letters or words.

Reading and Writing

Writing and Composition

1 - Pictures express ideas

d - Dictate ideas to an adult

Language

9 - Uses language to express thoughts and needs

a - Uses an expanding expressive vocabulary

6 - Describes and tells the use of many familiar items

No Match

Literacy

2 - Early Writing

Children demonstrate an interest and ability to use symbols to represent words and ideas.

e - Begin to dictate ideas, sentences and stories.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Early Writing: The familiarity with writing implements, conventions, and emerging skills to communicate through written representations, symbols, and letters.

Recognizes that writing is a way of communicating for a variety of purposes, such as giving information, sharing stories, or giving an opinion.

Reading and Writing

Writing and Composition

2 - Letters are formed with accuracy

a - Begin to develop proper pencil grip when drawing or writing

Physical

7 - Demonstrates fine-motor strength and coordination

a - Uses fingers and hands

6 - Uses refined wrist and finger movements

Physical

7 - Demonstrates fine-motor strength and coordination

b - Uses writing and drawing tools

6 - Holds drawing and writing tools by using a three-point finger grip but may hold the instrument too close to one end

No Match

Literacy

2 - Early Writing

Children demonstrate an interest and ability to use symbols to represent words and ideas.

c - Experiment with a variety of writing tools and materials;

Literacy

2 - Early Writing

Children demonstrate an interest and ability to use symbols to represent words and ideas.

d - Use scribbles, shapes, letter-like symbols and letters to write or represent words or ideas.

Physical Development & Health

Fine Motor Skills: The control of small muscles for such purposes as using utensils, self-care, building, and exploring.

Develops hand strength and dexterity.

Physical Development & Health

Fine Motor Skills: The control of small muscles for such purposes as using utensils, self-care, building, and exploring.

Manipulates writing, drawing, and art tools.

Reading and Writing

Writing and Composition

2 - Letters are formed with accuracy

b - Write and recognize letters in own name

Literacy

19 - Demonstrates emergent writing skills

a - Writes name

6 - Accurate name

Language and Literacy

V - Using letter names and sounds

0 - Child identifies personal label or a letter in own name.

Literacy

2 - Early Writing

Children demonstrate an interest and ability to use symbols to represent words and ideas.

a - Begin to print letters in own name.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Print Concepts & Conventions: The concepts about print and early decoding (identifying letter-sound relationships).

Recognizes print in everyday life, such as numbers, letters, one’s name, words, and familiar logos and signs.

Literacy Knowledge & Skills

Early Writing: The familiarity with writing implements, conventions, and emerging skills to communicate through written representations, symbols, and letters.

Copies, traces, or independently writes letters or words.

Reading and Writing

Research and Reasoning

1 - Relevant information is different from nonrelevant information

a - Understand the difference between a question and a statement

Language

9 - Uses language to express thoughts and needs

c - Uses conventional grammar

6 - Uses complete, four- to six-word sentences

No Match

Creativity

2 - Creative Expression

Children engage in individual or group activities that represent real-life experiences, ideas, knowledge, feelings and fantasy.

d - Plan, work cooperatively and create drawings, paintings, sculptures and other art projects.

Language Development

Receptive Language: The ability to comprehend or understand language.

Comprehends different forms of language, such as questions or exclamations.

Reading and Writing

Research and Reasoning

1 - Relevant information is different from nonrelevant information

b - Begin to identify key features of reality versus fantasy in stories, pictures, and events

Cognitive

14 - Uses symbols and images to represent something not present

b - Engages in sociodramatic play

6 - Interacts with two or more children during pretend play, assigning and/or assuming roles and discussing actions; sustains play scenario for up to 10 minutes

No Match No Match

Logic & Reasoning

Symbolic Representation: The use of symbols or objects to represent something else.

Recognizes the difference between pretend or fantasy situations and reality.

Reading and Writing

Research and Reasoning

1 - Relevant information is different from nonrelevant information

c - Identify information that is relevant

Cognitive

12 - Remembers and connects experiences

b - Makes connections

6 - Draws on everyday experiences and applies this knowledge to a similar situation

No Match No Match No Match

Reading and Writing

Research and Reasoning

2 - Problems can be identified and possible solutions can be created

a - Generate questions and investigate answers about topics of interest

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

a - Attends and engages

6 - Sustains work on age-appropriate, interesting tasks; can ignore most distractions and interruptions

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

d - Shows curiosity and motivation

6 - Shows eagerness to learn about a variety of topics and ideas

No Match

Approaches to Learning

2 - Curiosity

Children demonstrate curiosity and a willingness to participate in tasks and challenges.

a - Demonstrate an eagerness and interest in learning through questioning and adding ideas.

Approaches to Learning

2 - Curiosity

Children demonstrate curiosity and a willingness to participate in tasks and challenges.

b - Show an interest in people, things, and the world around them.

Language Development and Communication

1 - Play

Children engage in play as a means to develop their listening and expressive langauge skills.

a - Develop and experiment with conversation during daily activities and interactions

Language Development and Communication

1 - Play

Children engage in play as a means to develop their listening and expressive langauge skills.

c - Think and talk about play experiences

Science

1 - Play

Children engage in play as a means to develop their scientific skills.

a - Ask questions based upon discoveries made while playing.

Science

1 - Play

Children engage in play as a means to develop their scientific skills.

b - Use play to discover, question and understand the natural and physical world.

Approaches To Learning

Initiative & Curiosity: An interest in varied topics and activities, desire to learn, creativeness, and independence in learning.

Asks questions and seeks new information.

Reading and Writing

Research and Reasoning

2 - Problems can be identified and possible solutions can be created

b - Gather relevant information and apply it to their problem-solving process or current event

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

c - Solves problems

6 - Solves problems without having to try every possibility

No Match

Approaches to Learning

5 - Reasoning

Children demonstrate an increased ability to identify possible solutions to problems.

a - Demonstrate an increased ability to generate different approaches to solving problems.

Approaches to Learning

6 - Application

Children use their prior experiences, sense and knowledge to learn in new ways.

b - Use prior knowledge to understand new experiences

Approaches To Learning

Initiative & Curiosity: An interest in varied topics and activities, desire to learn, creativeness, and independence in learning.

Demonstrates flexibility, imagination, and inventiveness in approaching tasks and activities.

Reading and Writing

Research and Reasoning

2 - Problems can be identified and possible solutions can be created

c - Seek and generate alternative approaches to solving problems

Cognitive

11 - Demonstrates positive approaches to learning

e - Shows flexibility and inventiveness in thinking

6 - Changes plans if a better idea is thought of or proposed

Initiative

B - Solving Problems with Materials

5 - Child tries three or more ways to solve a problem with materials.

Approaches to Learning

5 - Reasoning

Children demonstrate an increased ability to identify possible solutions to problems.

b - Seek alternative approaches to problem solving.

Approaches To Learning

Initiative & Curiosity: An interest in varied topics and activities, desire to learn, creativeness, and independence in learning.

Demonstrates flexibility, imagination, and inventiveness in approaching tasks and activities.