Standards Glossary

The purpose of this glossary is to help the user better understand the terminology used in the Colorado Academic Standards. It is intended to assist educational practitioners and pre-service educators in understanding the standards. It is not intended as a study guide for students nor does it represent a comprehensive list of all academic terms.

Content Area:

Use the alphabetical list to view glossary terms by first letter.

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

B -

background

1 (character) Information that is essential to understanding a character's situation or problem. 2 (set) The part of a scene that lies behind objects in the foreground.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

balance

The way in which the elements in visual arts are arranged to create a feeling of equilibrium in a work of art. The three types of balance are symmetry, asymmetry, and radial.

Content Area: Visual Arts

balance

The ability to hold a position while remaining still.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

balance

1 Arrangement (symmetrical or asymmetrical) of proportionate parts so that equilibrium exists. 2 Manipulation of floor pattern, movements, and dancers in relation to each other.

Content Area: Dance

ballet

Classical theatrical dancing based on the danse d'ecole, the rules, and vocabulary that were codified around 1700 in France.

Content Area: Dance

barter

The direct trading of goods and services between people without using money as an intermediate step.

Content Area: Social Studies

basic movement

A characteristic figure that remains constant.

Content Area: Dance

beat

A regular rhythmic pulse in music.

Content Area: Music

bend

To bring two body parts closer together.

Content Area: Dance

Benesh

A†notation system for capturing and communicating dance movement through writing. See also: Laban.

Content Area: Dance

bias

When a point of view prevents impartial judgment on issues relating to the subject of that point of view.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

bias

A preference or an inclination that inhibits impartial judgment.

Content Area: Science

bias

A preference or inclination that inhibits impartial judgment; a prejudice.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

bioengineering

The use of biological processes and organisms in service to humans such as to produce drugs and foodstuffs or to recycle waste.

Content Area: Science

biogeography

The relationship between organisms and the geography of the region where the organisms occur.

Content Area: Science

biomechanics

The study of movement, including force and the laws of motion, to improve physical performance and reduce injuries.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

biomolecules

Any organic molecule that is produced by a living organism: proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids.

Content Area: Science

biotic

The living portion of the environment.

Content Area: Science

bivariate data

Pairs of linked numerical observations: a list of heights and weights for each player on a football team.

Content Area: Mathematics

blocking

Actorís traffic pattern on stage.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

body alignment

Typical ways to refer to aligning the body including vertical, off center, center, and non vertical.

Content Area: Dance

body composition

The proportion of fat-free mass (muscle, bone, vital organs, and tissues) to fat mass in the body.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

body image

The mental picture a person has of his/her body as well as the individualís associated thoughts, feelings, judgments, sensations, awareness, and behavior.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

body language

The unconscious or conscious gestures and movements through which a person's attitudes, feelings, needs, or state of mind are revealed.

Content Area: World Languages

body percussion

Sounds produced by use of the body: clap, snap, slap, tap, stamp.

Content Area: Music

boiling point

The temperature at which a liquid boils at a fixed pressure, usually under standard atmospheric conditions.

Content Area: Science

bond

Attractive force between two atoms through the sharing, or exchanging, of electrons -or electrostatic forces.

Content Area: Science

boundaries

Each individual's physical, emotional, and sexual guidelines that inform his/her interactions with other individuals to create a safe and comfortable space for everyone.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

boundaries

Lines, real or imagined, that separate places.

Content Area: Social Studies

box plot

A method of visually displaying a distribution of data values by using the median, quartiles, and extremes of the data set. A box shows the middle 50% of the data.

Content Area: Mathematics

bullying

Any written or verbal expression, or physical or electronic or gesture, or pattern thereof, that is intended to coerce, intimidate, or cause any physical, mental, or emotional harm to any student. Behaviors include but are not limited to those discriminating on the basis of academic performance, disability, race, creed, color, sex, sexual orientation, national origin, religion, ancestry, or need for special education services. Also see harassment

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

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