Standards Glossary

The purpose of this glossary is to help the user better understand the terminology used in the Colorado Academic Standards. It is intended to assist educational practitioners and pre-service educators in understanding the standards. It is not intended as a study guide for students nor does it represent a comprehensive list of all academic terms.

Content Area:

Use the alphabetical list to view glossary terms by first letter.

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

D -

D.C. al Fine

Abbreviated form of da capo al fine meaning 'return to the beginning and end at the point marked by the word fine'.

Content Area: Music

D.S. al Coda

Abbreviated form of dal segno al coda, meaning return to the sign and play to the coda sign, then jump to the section marked with another coda sign.

Content Area: Music

dance

A series of rhythmic and patterned bodily movements usually performed to music.

Content Area: Dance

dance composition

A sequence of movements created with a specific thematic structure.

Content Area: Dance

data

Factual information (as measurements or statistics) used as a basis for reasoning, discussion, or calculation.

Content Area: Science

dating violence

A type of intimate partner violence that occurs between two people in a close relationship; can be physical, emotional, or sexual.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

debt

Money or goods or services owed by one person or institution to another.

Content Area: Social Studies

decodable text

Any single text provides but one portrayal of the facts. Critical readers thus recognize not only what a text says, but also how that text portrays the subject matter.† They recognize the various ways in which each and every text is the unique creation of a unique author.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

decoding

The ability to convert a word from print to speech; the process of using letter-sound correspondences to recognize words.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

decoding skills

The skills necessary to analyze and interpret correctly the spoken or graphic symbols of a language.

Content Area: World Languages

decrescendo

Decreasing intensity or volume.

Content Area: Music

dehydration

The loss of water and important blood salts, such as potassium and sodium, that are essential for vital organ functions.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

demand

The different quantities of a resource, good, or service that individuals are willing to purchase.

Content Area: Social Studies

democracy

Form of government in which political control is exercised by all the people, either directly or through their elected representatives.

Content Area: Social Studies

democratic freedoms

Political and legal norms determining the position of an individual: free speech, right to assemble and freedom of the press.

Content Area: Social Studies

denominator

In a rational number, the number below the fraction bar that indicates how many parts into which the whole is divided.

Content Area: Mathematics

description

In art criticism, making a careful list of all things seen in an artwork. In art history, telling who produced a particular work of art, when, and where it was done.

Content Area: Visual Arts

descriptive text

Creates a clear picture of a person, place, thing, or idea through the use of vivid, powerful words; usually part of narrative, expository, or persuasive text.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

design

Another word for composition.

Content Area: Visual Arts

design

Purposeful plan that includes costumes, scenery, lighting, and other elements for the performance of a play based on an overall concept.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

design (concepts of)

Qualities applied through choice and arrangement to control and organize the elements of art and principles of design. Used to purposefully produce, understand, and judge art.

Content Area: Visual Arts

design concept

The overall visual theme for a combined theatrical design should include lights, sets, costumes, make-up, props and sound working together to tell the story. Design concept is a visual way of expressing how the technical elements will illuminate the central theme of the play to others.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

designer

Professional artist whose major concern is the development of efficient, functional products that are satisfying aesthetically.

Content Area: Visual Arts

developmentally appropriate

Instructional materials are consistent with an individualís cognitive, mental, emotional, moral, and social development.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

diabetes

A metabolic disorder where the pancreas produces little or no insulin or the cells do not respond appropriately to the insulin that is produced causing glucose to build up in the blood and overflow into the urine resulting in the body losing its main source of fuel.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

dialect

The usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

dialects

Variety of a language that is distinguished from other varieties of the same language by features of phonology, grammar, and vocabulary, and by its use by a group of speakers who are set off from others geographically or socially.

Content Area: World Languages

dialogue

A conversation between two characters in a theatrical performance.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

diameter

A chord that passes through the center of a circle.

Content Area: Mathematics

diatonic

Relating to the degrees of the natural major or minor scales, including tones and semi-tones, but excluding the use of accidentals, or chromatic whole or half steps.

Content Area: Music

diction

Choice and use of words.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

dietary deficiencies

A group of disorders caused by the lack of a major or minor essential nutrient from the diet.

Content Area: Science

diffusion

The spread of people, ideas, technology, and products from one place to another.

Content Area: Social Studies

digital media

Technology driven by computer access with emphasis on web based and print output design.

Content Area: Visual Arts

dilation

A transformation that moves each point along a ray through a point emanating from a fixed center, and multiplies distances from the center by a common scale factor. Dilations either enlarge or reduce a geometric figure proportionally.

Content Area: Mathematics

diminished (triads)

Uses the symbol "o" or "dim" and is formed by playing the first note (root) + flatted third (b3) + flatted fifth (b5) of a major scale.

Content Area: Music

diminuendo

Decreasing intensity or volume (decrescendo).

Content Area: Music

direction

Which way from the bodyís center a dancer or body part is moving.

Content Area: Dance

discrimination

Negative prejudgments, conscious or unconscious, with the purpose of maintaining control or power over others.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

disordered eating

Patterns of food consumption temporarily adopted to improve body image or physical performance and related to misinformation and food fads, which does not allow an individual to meet basic nutritional needs and reflects a disordered relationship with consumption.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

dissolved oxygen

The amount of gaseous oxygen present in water, expressed as either its presence in a volume of water (in milligrams per liter) or its percentage in saturated water.

Content Area: Science

distortion

To alter the original form of information.

Content Area: Social Studies

distributive property

A property which establishes a relationship between multiplication and addition such that the multiplication distributes across the addition: a(b+c) = ab + ac.

Content Area: Mathematics

divergent

Diverging or moving away from another or from a standard.

Content Area: Visual Arts

diversified portfolio

A group of investments containing a mix of different types of assets.

Content Area: Social Studies

diversity

The differences among groups of people and individuals based on ethnicity, race, socioeconomic status, gender, language, age, culture, religion, sexual orientation or identification, ability, geographic area, history, or other individuality.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

diversity

Refers to having a variety of people, forms or lands; various kinds of forms.

Content Area: Social Studies

domain of a function

The set of values for which a function is defined.

Content Area: Mathematics

domain specific

A range of knowledge specifically influenced by types of art elements, styles and genres.

Content Area: Visual Arts

domain-specific words and phrases

Vocabulary specific to a particular field of study: analogous to Tier Three words.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

domestic violence

The willful intimidation, assault, battery, sexual assault or other abusive behaviors, including mental and emotional, perpetrated by one family member, household member, or intimate partner against another. See also: family violence.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

dot plot

See: line plot.

Content Area: Mathematics

draft

Text not in a publishable form that stills needs to be revised and/or edited.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

drafting

A stage of the writing process in which the writer writes an initial version of a text, focusing on developing the topic in a way suitable for the audience and its purpose, and organizing the information logically.

Content Area: World Languages

drama

A literary composition or play intended for a performance before an audience.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

dramatic activities

Such activities as pantomime, creative movement, improvisation, creative drama, storytelling, choral reading, story dramatization, dramatic play, story theatre, reader's theatre, role playing, and theatre games.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

dramatic intention

1 A dramatic representation of purpose. 2 An anticipated outcome that is intended by the writer, director and/or actors when performing a dramatic or theatrical work.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

dramatic structure

The composition of a theatrical work including play, scene, or improvisation that includes exposition, inciting incident, rising action, conflict, climax, falling action, and resolution.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

dramatizations

A dramatic representation.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

drawing techniques

Different ways of drawing: hatching, stippling, contour, blending, or shading.

Content Area: Visual Arts

dual activities

Physical activities that require two participants: tennis, racquetball, pickleball, and badminton

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

due process

Right of every citizen to be protected against arbitrary action by government. Every person involved in a legal dispute is entitled to a fair hearing.

Content Area: Social Studies

duet

A dance performed by two people.

Content Area: Dance

dynamic balance

The ability to maintain a position while in motion.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

dynamics

The expressive content of human movement sometimes called qualities or efforts. Dynamics manifest the interrelationships among the elements of space, time and force/energy.

Content Area: Dance

dynamics

Varying degrees of intensity or volume.

Content Area: Music

Return to Top