Standards Glossary

The purpose of this glossary is to help the user better understand the terminology used in the Colorado Academic Standards. It is intended to assist educational practitioners and pre-service educators in understanding the standards. It is not intended as a study guide for students nor does it represent a comprehensive list of all academic terms.

Content Area:

Use the alphabetical list to view glossary terms by first letter.

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

F -

F.I.T.T. principles/concepts

An acronym for a set of principles governing exercise prescription based on four variables: frequency, intensity, time, and type of physical activity.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

facial expression

Movements of the face that show feelings or ideas.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

fair-minded

Having a consciousness of the need to treat all viewpoints alike without reference to one's own feelings or vested interests, or the feelings or vested interests of one's friends, community or nation; implies adherence to intellectual standards without reference to one's own advantage or the advantage of one's group.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

falsifiable

The possibility that an assertion could be shown untrue.

Content Area: Science

family violence

The willful intimidation, assault, battery, sexual assault or other abusive behaviors, including mental and emotional, perpetrated by one family member, household member, or intimate partner against another. See also: domestic violence.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

fat

Comprised of fatty acids, either produced by the body or derived from a diet.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

fermata

A pause indicated in the music by a graphical symbol.

Content Area: Music

fertilization

The union of sperm with an egg, which occurs in the fallopian tube prior to travelling to the uterus where it may or may not implant in the uterine wall.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

fictional

Formed or conceived by the imagination or related to literary fiction.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

figurative Language

Language that moves beyond the literal in which a figure of speech is used to heighten the meaning: hyperbole, metaphor, personification, simile.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

financial decision making

The logical and systematic choice making process based on the collection and analysis of variables and probable outcomes.

Content Area: Social Studies

financial institutions

General name for an organization that collects money from the public and then either invest or uses the money to make loans.

Content Area: Social Studies

fine arts

Traditional art forms: drawing, painting, printmaking, sculpture, ceramics, fibers, ewelry, and photography This term is often used to refer, collectively, to dance, music, theatre, and the visual arts.

Content Area: Visual Arts

first aid

A response to a medical emergency that ranges from calling paramedics, applying direct pressure to a wound, performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), or splinting an injury.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

first quartile

For a data set with median M, the first quartile is the median of the data values less than M: for the data set {1, 3, 6, 7, 10, 12, 14, 15, 22, 120}, the first quartile is 6.2 See also: median, third quartile, interquartile range.

Content Area: Mathematics

fiscal policy

A policy that uses changes in taxes and government spending to affect the level of aggregate demand in the economy.

Content Area: Social Studies

fitness

The ability of the body to work efficiently under various situations: flexibility, strength, endurance (both muscular and cardiovascular), and percentage of body fat.

Content Area: Dance

flexibility

The ability to move the joints/muscles through a full range of motion.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

flexibility

The ability to move the joints/muscles through a full range of motion.

Content Area: Dance

flow

An energy quality whereby movements can either be contained or free in its movement.

Content Area: Dance

fluency

Flexible use of strategies to assist in the rapid production of answers to computation problems. Procedural fluency is skill in carrying out mathematical procedures flexibly, accurately, efficiently, and appropriately.

Content Area: Mathematics

fluency

Smooth and rapid effortlessness, flowing from one idea to another.

Content Area: Visual Arts

fluency

Reading fluency is made up of at least three key elements: accuracy, conversational rate and appropriate prosody or expression. Each of these elements-accuracy, rate and prosody has a clear connection to reading comprehension. See also: rate, prosody.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

fluent

Moving smoothly from part to part, movement to movement, or demonstrating transitional flow.

Content Area: Dance

fluidity

Fluency and flow of oral or written production.

Content Area: World Languages

focus

1 The intended point of interest on stage. 2 The actors ability to concentrate and keep attention fixed on the matter at hand.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

focus

To maintain a single point of view; to establish and maintain a clear purpose.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

focus

Maximum clarity or sharpness of an image.

Content Area: Visual Arts

focused question

A query narrowly tailored to task, purpose, and audience: as focused research questions is a query that is sufficiently precise to allow a student to achieve adequate specificity and depth within the time and format constraints.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

folk dance

Dance form that has been developed through the traditions of culture, passed down from generation to generation.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

foreign policy

Policies of the federal government directed to matters beyond the countries borders, relations with other countries.

Content Area: Social Studies

form

1 The shape, structure, or contour of a composition according to a preconceived plan. 2 The orderly arrangement of thematic material. 3 The clarity of a movement or theme: AB, canon, ABA, theme, variation, rondo, narrative.

Content Area: Dance

form

An element of visual arts. A three-dimensional object that has height, width and depth.

Content Area: Visual Arts

form

1 The structure or design of a musical work: AB, ABA, call and response, rondo, theme and variations, sonata allegro. 2 Interrelationships of musical events within the overall structure.

Content Area: Music

formal English

See: standard English.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

format

Physical appearance of a finished publication, including font, legibility, spacing, margins, and white space.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

forms

Specific forms include comedy, tragedy, melodrama, farce, absurd, social drama, epic drama, guerrilla theatre, and experimental theatre.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

forte

Loud, strong.

Content Area: Music

fortissimo

Very loud.

Content Area: Music

fraction

A number expressible in the form a/b where a is a whole number and b is a positive whole number. The word fraction in these standards always refers to a non-negative number. See also: rational number.

Content Area: Mathematics

frequency

A guideline for physical fitness training that establishes how often to exercise to maintain or improve fitness.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

frequency table

A table that gives data values and their frequencies.

Content Area: Mathematics

function

A relationship between two sets of numbers (or other mathematical objects) where each x-value is paired with exactly one y-value.

Content Area: Mathematics

function

Refers to the intended use or purpose of an object.

Content Area: Visual Arts

function notation

For a function , when x is a member of the domain, the symbol (x) denotes the corresponding member of the range: an equation of a function might be (x) = x+3.

Content Area: Mathematics

functional

Useful, practical, well-designed, efficient, serviceable.

Content Area: Visual Arts

functioning art

Functional objects such as dishes and clothes that are of a high artistic quality and/or craftsmanship. Art with a utilitarian purpose.

Content Area: Visual Arts

fundamental movement skills

An organized series of basic movements that involve the combination of movement patterns of two or more body segments. May be categorized as stability, locomotor, or manipulative movements.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

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