Standards Glossary

The purpose of this glossary is to help the user better understand the terminology used in the Colorado Academic Standards. It is intended to assist educational practitioners and pre-service educators in understanding the standards. It is not intended as a study guide for students nor does it represent a comprehensive list of all academic terms.

Content Area:

Use the alphabetical list to view glossary terms by first letter.

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G -

gene regulation

The processes that cells and viruses use to control which genes are expressed and the strength of that expression.

Content Area: Science

general academic words and phrases

Vocabulary common to written texts but not commonly a part of speech.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

general space

The space through which a dancer travels: shared/common space.

Content Area: Dance

generalizations

Reasoning from detailed facts to general principles.

Content Area: Visual Arts

genetic engineering

The alteration and recombination of genetic material under laboratory conditions, resulting in transgenic organisms.

Content Area: Science

genetically modified organisms (GMO)

A plant or animal whose genome has been altered by the technique of genetic modification.

Content Area: Science

genre

1 Classification of literary works: drama, essay, mystery, science fiction. 2 A type of writing: report, memo, letter, ballad, or sonnet.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

genre

Category of art marked by a distinctive style, form, or content. Representation of subjects and scenes from everyday life: still life, portrait.

Content Area: Visual Arts

genre

A broad categorization of dance, incorporating several related dance styles: fox trot, rumba, tango, disco, lambada, line dancing.

Content Area: Dance

genre

The particular characteristics of a theatrical work that pertains to a historical period or culture.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

genre

Category or type of music, determined by history, style, form, or content.

Content Area: Music

geographic tools

Devices used to compile, organize, manipulate, store, report, or display geographic information: maps, globes, graphs, diagrams, aerial and other photographs, satellite-produced images, geographic information systems, and computer databases as well as other software.

Content Area: Social Studies

geographical information systems (GIS)

A computer system for capturing, manipulating, analyzing and displaying all forms of geographic information.

Content Area: Science

geometric construction

Using geometric tools to construct angles, lengths, and geometric figures. Historically geometric tools were a compass and straight-edge but modern construction tools may involve technologies.

Content Area: Mathematics

geometric sequence

A sequence of numbers in which the ratio between successive terms is constant.

Content Area: Mathematics

geophysical

The physics of Earth and its environment, including the physics of fields: meteorology, oceanography, and seismology.

Content Area: Science

geosphere

The solid layer of Earth consisting of the crust and outer mantle.

Content Area: Science

global positioning system (GPS)

An extremely accurate method of locating a position using satellite signals.

Content Area: Science

goal

A target aim that is achievable yet challenging.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

goods

Objects that can satisfy people's wants.

Content Area: Social Studies

government

The system or form by which a community or other political unit is ruled.

Content Area: Social Studies

government policy

A deliberate plan of action to guide decisions and achieve rational outcome(s).

Content Area: Social Studies

graphemes

1 A unit (a letter or letters) of a writing system that represents one phoneme. 2 A single sound that has one phonemic correspondent.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

graphing technology

Technologies such as graphing calculators, handhelds, and computer applications that have graphing capabilities.

Content Area: Mathematics

group dynamics

The interactions and interrelationships of people in a group.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

growth

An increase in real gross domestic product; increase in production levels of goods and or services.

Content Area: Social Studies

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