Standards Glossary

The purpose of this glossary is to help the user better understand the terminology used in the Colorado Academic Standards. It is intended to assist educational practitioners and pre-service educators in understanding the standards. It is not intended as a study guide for students nor does it represent a comprehensive list of all academic terms.

Content Area:

Use the alphabetical list to view glossary terms by first letter.

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

H -

harassment

Any written or verbal expression, or physical or electronic or gesture, or pattern thereof, that is intended to coerce, intimidate, or cause any physical, mental, or emotional harm to any student. Behaviors include but are not limited to those discriminating on the basis of academic performance, disability, race, creed, color, sex, sexual orientation, national origin, religion, ancestry, or need for special education services. Also see bullying

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

harmony

The simultaneous combination of two or more pitches.

Content Area: Music

harmony

A principle of design of visual arts. The creation of unity through the use of stressing similarities of separate but related parts of the artwork.

Content Area: Visual Arts

hate crime

The violence of intolerance and bigotry, intended to hurt and intimidate someone because of their race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation or identification, disability, or other individuality.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

hazing

Any activity expected of someone joining or maintaining full status in a group that humiliates, degrades or risks emotional and/or physical harm, regardless of the person's willingness to participate.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

health

A state of complete physical, social, mental, and emotional well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity; a functional state which allows a person to achieve goals and activities for a productive and satisfying life.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

health information

The content of communications derived from credible sources related to individual, group, and community health issues and concerns.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

health outcome

The result of health and lifestyle choices; a measurable change in or reinforcement of factors related to health status or quality of life attributable to a series of events, whether planned or unplanned.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

health promotion

Any planned combination of educational, political, environmental, regulatory, or organizational mechanisms, that support actions and conditions of living conducive to improving the health of individuals, groups, and communities.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

health-related fitness

Fitness that is focused on the goals of enhanced wellness, increased longevity, and prevention of hypokinetic disease. Components include aerobic capacity, body composition, cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, muscle endurance, and muscle strength.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

healthy diet

A selection of food and drink that emphasizes a balanced caloric intake of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

healthy lifestyle

Patterns of behavior which maximize quality of life and decrease susceptibility to negative health outcomes.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

healthy relationship

A relationship based on cooperation, respect, personal empowerment, resisting inappropriate social pressure, preventing, managing, and resolving interpersonal conflict, and seeking help when needed.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

hemisphere

Half of a globe or Earth.

Content Area: Social Studies

heritage speaker

A person who speaks the target language at some degree of proficiency at home or with certain family members, but who has not formally learned the language in a an academic setting. See also: native speaker.

Content Area: World Languages

high-frequency phrases

Words and phrases used most often in speaking and writing.

Content Area: World Languages

high-pitch wave

A wave with a shorter wavelength and higher frequency of sound.

Content Area: Science

histogram

A one-variable data display that uses bins to show the distribution of values in the data set. Each bin corresponds to an interval of data values; the height of a bin indicates the number, or frequency, of values in that interval.

Content Area: Mathematics

historical

Refers to what is concerned with history. Having importance or influence on history.

Content Area: Visual Arts

historical and cultural traditions

Styles of social and artistic expression unique to a particular community of people that have been inherited or established and serve as a vehicle to promote cultural continuity.

Content Area: Music

historical argument

Not simply a statement of opinion but an attempt to give reasons for holding certain opinions based on factual information.

Content Area: Social Studies

historical context

The political, social, cultural, and economic setting for a particular idea or event.

Content Area: Social Studies

historical inquiry

The process of studying history to find out what, who, why, when, etc., in a logical, problem-solving manner.

Content Area: Social Studies

historical sources

May include documents, pictures, sound recordings, interviews, text and other media.

Content Area: Social Studies

HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus; a retrovirus that is recognized as the causative agent of AIDS, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

human features

A building, structure, or other impact on the physical environment created by humans.

Content Area: Social Studies

human resource

Workers or labor resources.

Content Area: Social Studies

human systems

A collection of human features that are linked and interrelated: a city, an airport, or a transportation network.

Content Area: Social Studies

hydrosphere

The watery layer of Earth's surface; includes water vapor.

Content Area: Science

hypothesis

A tentative explanation for an observation, phenomenon, or scientific problem that can be tested by further investigation.

Content Area: Science

hypothesize

Develop a tentative explanation for a set of observations or relationships, testable through additional observations or experiments.

Content Area: Visual Arts

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