Standards Glossary

The purpose of this glossary is to help the user better understand the terminology used in the Colorado Academic Standards. It is intended to assist educational practitioners and pre-service educators in understanding the standards. It is not intended as a study guide for students nor does it represent a comprehensive list of all academic terms.

Content Area:

Use the alphabetical list to view glossary terms by first letter.

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L -

Laban

A notation system for capturing and communicating dance movement through writing. See also: Benesh.

Content Area: Dance

language resources

Resources in the target language: texts, music, media, and cultural artifacts.

Content Area: World Languages

largo

Tempo: slow and solemn.

Content Area: Music

latitude

Imaginary lines that delineate how far north or south a place is from the equator and used to find a location.

Content Area: Social Studies

law

A scientific law is a phenomenon that will always occur with the same result in given conditions. It is quantifiable and measurable.

Content Area: Science

layering

Arranging and rearranging tones to create new sounds through manipulation of phrases, melodic and/or harmonic elements.

Content Area: Music

lead-up game

Active games that involve the use of two or more of the skills, rules, or procedures used in playing the official sport to isolate skills or strategies before engaging in a complex game.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

learned phrases

Questions, responses, reactions or certain idiomatic expressions that are used frequently in everyday target language speech and are taught as "chunks" rather than as isolated words.

Content Area: World Languages

legato

Style of music in which notes are connected in a close, smooth, graceful manner.

Content Area: Music

legend

See also: map key.

Content Area: Social Studies

level-appropriate

Referring to resources that are appropriate to engage learners at their proficiency levels: novice, intermediate.

Content Area: World Languages

levels

1 Placement of an object or person on the stage from upstage to downstage. 2 Vertical height of an actor or set piece from the stage floor.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

liberty

Freedom from unjust or undue government control.

Content Area: Social Studies

lighting

Using a variety of instruments to illuminate both the actors and sets on stage.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

line dance

A dance in which individuals line up without partners and follow a choreographed pattern of steps: electric slide and cupid shuffle.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

line of dance

The counterclockwise course followed by dancers progressing around a room.

Content Area: Dance

line plot

A method of visually displaying a distribution of data values where each data value is shown as a dot or mark above a number line; also known as a dot plot.

Content Area: Mathematics

linear function

A function that has a constant rate of change. A function with no exponents other than one and with no products of the variables. In a rectangular coordinate system, the graph of a linear function is a line: y=x+4, y= -4, and 3x-4y = 1/2.

Content Area: Mathematics

liquidity

In business, economics or investment, market liquidity is an asset's ability to be sold without causing a significant movement in the price and with minimum loss of value. Money, or cash on hand, is the most liquid asset.

Content Area: Social Studies

literacies

The many ways people can be knowledgeable: visual literacy, spatial literacy, historical literacy, cultural literacy, information literacy, mathematical literacy, financial literacy, scientific literacy, musical literacy.

Content Area: Visual Arts

literary terms

Words we use to describe certain literary techniques and devices: allusion, simile, metaphor, and alliteration.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

literary text

This category is used to classify literary works, usually by form, technique, or content: novel, essay, short story, comedy, epic.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

locomotor movements

The basic patterns used to travel: walking, running, leaping, hopping, jumping, galloping, sliding and skipping.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

locomotor movements

The basic patterns used to travel: walking, running, leaping, hopping, jumping, galloping, sliding and skipping.

Content Area: Dance

logarithm

Alternate way to express an exponent: log2 8=3 is equivalent to 23=8.

Content Area: Mathematics

logarithmic function

The inverse of an exponential function. Y=logb x is the inverse of y = bx where b > 0 and b?1.

Content Area: Mathematics

longevity

How long an organism is expected to live under normal circumstances.

Content Area: Science

long-handled implement

A piece of equipment used in performing motor skills where the long handle positions the hand some distance away from the surface of the implement that comes in contact with the ball: hockey stick, bat, tennis racquet, and lacrosse stick.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

longitude

Imaginary lines that delineate how far east of west a place is from the prime meridian and used to find a location.

Content Area: Social Studies

low-pitch wave

A wave with a longer wavelength and lower frequency of sound.

Content Area: Science

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