Standards Glossary

The purpose of this glossary is to help the user better understand the terminology used in the Colorado Academic Standards. It is intended to assist educational practitioners and pre-service educators in understanding the standards. It is not intended as a study guide for students nor does it represent a comprehensive list of all academic terms.

Content Area:

Use the alphabetical list to view glossary terms by first letter.

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

N -

narrative

An account, report, or story of an event or experience.

Content Area: Social Studies

narrative

A choreographic form that tells a story through character or situational development.

Content Area: Dance

narrative writing

Writing that conveys experience, either real or†imaginary, and uses time as its deep structure. It†can be used for many purposes: inform,†instruct, persuade, or entertain Narratives that take many forms: creative fictional stories, memoirs, anecdotes, and†autobiographies.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

native language

A person's first or primary language.

Content Area: World Languages

native speaker

A person who speaks a given language as a first or primary language, having learned it from infancy or very early childhood and having been immersed in the language in academic settings as well. See also: heritage speaker.

Content Area: World Languages

natural features

Environmental attributes and landscapes created by natural processes: rivers and mountains.

Content Area: Social Studies

natural resource

Things in a natural state that are used to produce goods and services: land, minerals, and trees.

Content Area: Social Studies

needs

What people must have to survive such as food and water.

Content Area: Social Studies

negative space

The unoccupied or empty area surrounding a dancerís body.

Content Area: Dance

negotiation of meaning

The way in which two or more speakers who are having difficulty understanding each other seek clarification, check comprehension, and request confirmation until understanding is achieved.

Content Area: World Languages

net (of a shape)

A two dimensional drawing of the faces of a three dimensional shape that, if cut and folded, will create the three dimensional shape.

Content Area: Mathematics

new media

An umbrella term to describe multiple forms of art that are created using electronic and digital technology. Students explore the aesthetic, conceptual, and technological transformation of media passing into, through, and out of the digital domain.

Content Area: Visual Arts

new media

An umbrella term to describe multiple forms of art that are created using electronic and digital technology.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

nonlinear function

A function that has a nonconstant rate of change.

Content Area: Mathematics

nonlocomotor movements

Movement that is organized around the axis of the body: bending and stretching, pushing and pulling, raising and lowering, twisting and turning, shaking, bouncing, circling, and swinging.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

nonlocomotor movements

Movement that is organized around the axis of the body: bending and stretching, pushing and pulling, raising and lowering, twisting and turning, shaking, bouncing, circling, and swinging.

Content Area: Dance

non-pitched instrument

Non-pitched instruments are those whose predominant purpose and quality is rhythmic, and which do not have a perceived specific musical pitch: snare and bass drums, cymbals, wood blocks, and triangles.

Content Area: Music

non-realism

A term applied to theatrical works which are not limited to or go beyond realism.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

nonrenewable resource

A finite resource that cannot be replaced once it is used: petroleum or minerals.

Content Area: Social Studies

non-standard forms of measurement

Using items such as pencils, blocks, or paper clips to measure.

Content Area: Mathematics

normal distribution

A probability distribution that has a symmetric bell or mound shape and tails extending infinitely far in both directions.

Content Area: Mathematics

norms

Standards, models, beliefs, or patterns of behavior considered to be typical for a specific group; an implied agreement or understanding among a groups' membership about how members in a group behave or should behave.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

notation

A system of figures or symbols used to represent numbers, qualities, or other facts or values as in musical notation. 1 Traditional notation refers primarily to western, staff-based notation system using traditional note symbols and clefs to indicate pitch locations and durations. 2 Non-traditional notation refers to all other notation: cipher, solfege, letter, tablature, klavar, graphic.

Content Area: Music

number line diagram

A diagram of the number line used to represent numbers and support reasoning about them. In a number line diagram for measurement quantities, the interval from 0 to 1 on the diagram represents the unit of measure for the quantity.

Content Area: Mathematics

number sense

An understanding of number. This would include number meanings, number relationships, number size, and the relative effect of operations on numbers.

Content Area: Mathematics

numerator

In a rational number, the number above the fraction bar that indicates the number of parts of the whole.

Content Area: Mathematics

numerical data

Data values that are numbers: counts, measurements, and ratings.

Content Area: Mathematics

nursery rhyme

A short song or poem for young children.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

nutrient

Chemicals from protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and water that are essential for normal growth and development.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

Return to Top