Standards Glossary

The purpose of this glossary is to help the user better understand the terminology used in the Colorado Academic Standards. It is intended to assist educational practitioners and pre-service educators in understanding the standards. It is not intended as a study guide for students nor does it represent a comprehensive list of all academic terms.

Content Area:

Use the alphabetical list to view glossary terms by first letter.

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T -

tactics

The possible ways the character can overcome obstacles.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

tactics

Individual movement of players or teams, such as creating space, for the purpose of accomplishing an immediate goal or accommodating a situation; takes place within the game as an ongoing part of game play; and includes decisions an individual makes about when, why, and how to respond to a particular situation.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

tangible products

Cultural creations that are physical (could be touched): works of art, industry, culinary dishes, and fashion.

Content Area: World Languages

target heart-rate

A safe range of activity intensity that can be used to enhance the level of cardiorespiratory endurance and is generally 60-85% of the maximum heart rate, depending on an individual's goals.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

target language and culture

Language and culture(s) that a learner seeks to acquire.

Content Area: World Languages

target language resources

Resources in the language being learned: media, text, music, ads, art, and other materials.

Content Area: World Languages

tariff

A tax or duty imposed on imported goods.

Content Area: Social Studies

taxation

To impose a financial charge or other levy upon a taxpayer (an individual or legal entity) by a community, state or nation.

Content Area: Social Studies

technical design

The plan for costumes, set, props, lighting, sound, make-up, and special effects in the production based on an overall concept.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

technical elements

An element of drama by which dramatic works can be analyzed and evaluated: scenery, lighting, makeup, stage properties, sounds, film/cinema, electronic media.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

technical subjects

1 A course devoted to a practical study: engineering, technology, design, business, or other workforce-related subject 2 A technical aspect of a wider field of study: art or music.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

technical text

Practical, accurate, and precise communication of specialized information that imparts facts, persuades with facts, or analyzes data or problems. The format is clear and efficient, often including headings, itemized lists with bullets, diagrams, or tables: instruction manual, scientific article, sales letter, letter of recommendation, proposal, memo.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

technique

Methods of working with art materials to create artwork.

Content Area: Visual Arts

technique

The learning of movement skills. The ability to use choreographic craft.

Content Area: Dance

tempo

The speed of movement as it progresses faster, more slowly, or on a pulse beat.

Content Area: Dance

tempo

The speed or pace of the musical pulse.

Content Area: Music

terminating decimal

A decimal is called terminating if its repeating digit is 0.

Content Area: Mathematics

testable question

A question that can tested in a scientific investigation.

Content Area: Science

text analysis

The examination of the theatre elements of a text or script to gain greater understanding and meaning into the theme and character which the actor portrays.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

text complexity

1 The inherent difficulty of reading and comprehending a text combined with consideration of reader and task variables. 2 A three-part assessment that pairs qualitative and quantitative measures with reader-task considerations.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

text complexity band

A range of text difficulty corresponding to grade spans: specifically, the spans from grades 2–3, grades 4–5, grades 6–8, grades 9–10, and grades 11–CCR (college and career readiness).

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

text structure

The general organizational plan, framework, or form of a piece of writing.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

textual evidence

See: evidence.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

texture

The surface quality of materials, either actual (tactile) or implied (visual). It is one of the elements of art.

Content Area: Visual Arts

texture

The way in which individual musical lines interact within a musical work: texture may be considered dense, when there are many musical elements occurring.

Content Area: Music

theater

The place where plays are presented to an audience. See also: theatre.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

theatre

The art of creating performances. See also: theater.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

theatre etiquette

Appropriate behavior of audience, performers, or technicians in a variety of theatre settings.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

theatre games

Structured improvisational activities having a prescribed set of rules and expectations, frequently used for warm-up and motivation.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

theatre text

Any written text used as a script.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

theatrical conventions

The established techniques, practices, and devices unique to theatrical productions.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

theatrical styles

Versions or types of theatre: non-realism, commedia dell'arte, Shakespeare, absurdism, mask work, improvisation, environmental drama and theatre arts.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

thematic maps

A map representing a specific spatial distribution, theme, or topic: population density, cattle production, or climates of the world.

Content Area: Social Studies

thematic vocabulary

Vocabulary, including words and expressions, that supports the theme or focus of a lesson and/or unit.

Content Area: World Languages

theme

The central or dominating idea conveyed by a literary text.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

theme

1 The content that informs a piece of choreography; may be taken from the movement itself: expanding and contracting, or from other sources: ideas, images, or emotions. 2 A form in dance. Unifying or dominant idea in a movement pattern, sequence, or dance from which variations may be developed.

Content Area: Dance

theme

Central idea that is revealed in the artwork; focused subject matter, topic, idea.

Content Area: Visual Arts

theme

Central idea of a play that is revealed to the audience.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

theoretical probability

A probability calculated using mathematical counting techniques.

Content Area: Mathematics

theory

A set of statements or principles devised to explain a large set of data and has been repeatedly tested or is widely accepted.

Content Area: Science

thesis

The main point that a writer develops and supports.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

third quartile

For a data set with median M, the third quartile is the median of the data values greater than M: for the data set {2, 3, 6, 7, 10, 12, 14, 15, 22, 120}, the third quartile is 15 See also: median, first quartile, interquartile range.

Content Area: Mathematics

three-dimensional

Having actual height, width and depth and existing in three dimensional space. Having the illusion of existing in three dimensions.

Content Area: Visual Arts

timbre

Sound quality; describes those characteristics of sound which allow the ear to distinguish different sounds that have the same pitch and loudness.

Content Area: Music

time

A principle of training that establishes the duration for each exercise session.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

time

The measure of sounds in regard to their continuance, or duration; the speed of the rhythm.

Content Area: Music

time management

Organizing and executing around priorities.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

timing

Dancing in time with the music.

Content Area: Dance

tint

A value created by adding white to a color.

Content Area: Visual Arts

tone

The writer's attitude toward a subject: serious, sarcastic, tongue-in-cheek, solemn, objective.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

tone

The nature, characteristics or qualities of a sound that give it a unique identity: characteristic tone is the norm established for expectations of a beautiful tone for a voice or instrument.

Content Area: Music

tools

Instruments and equipment used by students to create and learn about art: brushes, scissors, cameras, digital technology

Content Area: Visual Arts

trade

The commercial exchange (buying and selling on domestic or international markets) buying, selling or bartering of goods and services.

Content Area: Social Studies

traditional dance

Dances and dance forms that have come from the traditions of a people or culture: folk dance.

Content Area: Dance

traditional economy

An economic system in which both production and distribution is based on procedures devised in the distant past and maintained by law, custom, or belief.

Content Area: Social Studies

training zone

The heart rate range within which a person should aim to exercise for maximum desired effect.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

transformation

An operation that alters the form of a figure or a graph. Common transformations include translations, rotations, and reflections.

Content Area: Mathematics

transition

Going from one movement/phrase to another, or from one shape to another. The quality of transitions affects the overall flow of the dance.

Content Area: Dance

transitions

Words or phrases that link ideas together, to show a change in thought, or to convey relationships.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

transitivity principle for indirect measurement

If the length of object A is greater than the length of object B, and the length of object B is greater than the length of object C, then the length of object A is greater than the length of object C. This principle applies to measurement of other quantities as well.

Content Area: Mathematics

translation

A transformation that moves a geometric figure by sliding. Each of the points of the geometric figure moves the same distance in the same direction; also known as a slide.

Content Area: Mathematics

travel

Movement of the body from one point to another.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

tree diagram

A diagram whose branches show the possible outcomes of an event and may include the probability of the outcome.

Content Area: Mathematics

triad

The triad is a three-note chord made up of the root, which in root position is the lowest note in the chord, together with superimposed 3rds (the top note being a 5th above the root).

Content Area: Music

trigonometric function

The three basic trigonometric functions are sine, cosine, and tangent. By taking reciprocals of these functions, three other trigonometric functions are generated: secant, cosecant, and cotangent.

Content Area: Mathematics

trigonometric ratios

The ratios of the lengths of pairs of sides in a right triangle. There are three basic trigonometric ratios: sine, cosine, and tangent.

Content Area: Mathematics

trio

A dance performed by three people.

Content Area: Dance

type

A principle of training that establishes the specific activity to use or the muscles to target during an exercise period.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

typography

The use of text or individual words in a visual design or presentation.

Content Area: Visual Arts

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