Standards Glossary

The purpose of this glossary is to help the user better understand the terminology used in the Colorado Academic Standards. It is intended to assist educational practitioners and pre-service educators in understanding the standards. It is not intended as a study guide for students nor does it represent a comprehensive list of all academic terms.

Content Area:

Use the alphabetical list to view glossary terms by first letter.

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

V -

valid

The degree to which health-promoting information, products, resources, or services are accurate and do what it is intended to do.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

valid

Well-grounded or justifiable, relevant, logically correct.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

value

A subjective judgment based on perceived merit, worth, and significance by an individual, culture, or society.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

variability

The degree to which values in a distribution differ. Measures of variability for quantitative variables include the standard deviation, variance, interquartile range, and range.

Content Area: Mathematics

variable

A quantity that can change or that may take on different values; also refers to a letter or symbol representing such a quantity.

Content Area: Mathematics

variation

1 A form in dance. An amount or degree of change, a different form of a dance movement or movements. 2 Any solo performance in a ballet.

Content Area: Dance

variety

The use of art elements to create subtle differences in an artwork for visual interest.

Content Area: Visual Arts

vector

A quantity with magnitude and direction in the plane or in space, defined by an ordered pair or triple of real numbers.

Content Area: Mathematics

venue

A place where a performance is held.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

verbal abuse

A type of emotional abuse that threatens or harms a person by attacking his or her sense of self-worth: name calling, shaming, bullying, and embarrassing on purpose.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

vertex

The point where two line segments (or rays) meet.

Content Area: Mathematics

vertical angles

The two nonadjacent angles formed when two straight lines intersect.

Content Area: Mathematics

vertices

Plural of vertex.

Content Area: Mathematics

vigorous physical activity

On a scale relative to an individual's personal capacity, usually a 7 or 8 on a scale of 0 to 10 and requires sustained, rhythmic movements and may be intense enough to result in a significant increase in heart and respiration rate. Refers to a level of effort a healthy individual might expend while participating in active games involving running and chasing: tag, jumping rope, swimming, or bicycling uphill.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

violence

The threatened or actual use of force against oneself, another person, or a group: aggression, bullying, assault, homicide, suicide, child maltreatment, rape, and dating and intimate partner abuse.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

virtual playwriting

The act of writing a play virtually such as online collaborative writing sites for online playwriting, creating virtual worlds such as gaming plots, virtual society software programs etc.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

visual art elements

Sensory components used to create works of art: line, color, shape/form, texture, value, space.

Content Area: Visual Arts

visual arts

A universal language. The study of and creation of symbolic and/or realistic creative expressions. Art using visual imagery to satisfy the human need to communicate personal, cultural, historical and/or universal thoughts, ideas, feelings and beliefs.

Content Area: Visual Arts

visual fraction model

A tape diagram, number line diagram, or area model.

Content Area: Mathematics

visual image

A representation of the form and features of someone or something.

Content Area: Visual Arts

visual literacy

Includes thinking and communication. The ability to transform thoughts and information into images. Visual communication takes place when people are able to construct meaning from the visual image.

Content Area: Visual Arts

visual narratives

An artwork that conveys a story to the viewer.

Content Area: Visual Arts

visuals/ visual cues

Gestures or images that can be used to facilitate communication or illustrate a vocabulary word.

Content Area: World Languages

voice

The personality of the writer that comes through in the writing as a result of word choice, sentence structure, and phrasing.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating

voice

Vocal qualities or techniques used to convey meaning and emotion that create character: articulation, breath support, expression, inflection/pitch, projection/volume, pronunciation, word emphasis.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts

volley

To strike a ball upward; keeping a hit ball in play.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health and Physical Education

volume

The total amount of space enclosed in a solid, expressed in cubic units.

Content Area: Mathematics

volume

Space within a form.

Content Area: Visual Arts

Return to Top