New Colorado P-12 Academic Standards

Current Display Filter: Comprehensive Health - Sixth Grade

Content Area: Comprehensive Health
Grade Level Expectations: Sixth Grade
Standard: 2. Physical and Personal Wellness in Health

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Access valid and reliable information, products, and services to enhance healthy eating behaviors

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Distinguish accurate nutrition information from inaccurate information (DOK 1-2)
  2. Evaluate the nutrition information on food labels to compare products (DOK 1-3)
  3. Demonstrate the ability to access people or sources of accurate information and reliable advice regarding healthy eating (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Who has the final say on what is "healthy" food?
  2. If food is labeled with nutritional information all over the country, why do some states have higher rates of obesity?
  3. Does posting nutritional information on products and in restaurants change behavior?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Advertisements are designed to sell products not necessarily to provide accurate health information.
  2. Family members, health professionals, organizations, books, dietary guidelines,
  3. "Nutrition Facts" labels help to identify healthy food choices and eating behaviors.

Nature Of:

  1. The ability to discriminate between false advertising and accurate information is key for lifelong healthy food choices

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Access valid and reliable information regarding qualities of healthy family and peer relationships

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Describe the benefits of healthy relationships (DOK 1-2)
  2. Describe how peer relationships may change during adolescence (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does it feel when a friendship ends?
  2. How do I cope with conflict within my family or with my friends?
  3. How do healthy relationships contribute to overall wellness?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Analyze how technological advances provide increased opportunities to develop relationships
  2. Discuss the various ways we communicate with one another and how that impacts human relationships
  3. Relationships affect your physical, mental, emotional, and social well-being.

Nature Of:

  1. Understanding the various aspects of human relationships assists in making healthy choices

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Comprehend the relationship between feelings and actions

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Identify sexual feelings common to young adolescents, and differentiate between having sexual feelings and acting on them (DOK 1-3)
  2. Discuss possible physical, social, and emotional impacts of adolescent sexual activity (DOK 1-4)
  3. Describe behaviors that place one at risk for HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), or unintended pregnancy (DOK 1-3)
  4. Describe the need to have clear expectations, boundaries, and personal safety strategies (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Is sexual health a difficult topic to discuss?
  2. How do I figure out my personal beliefs about sexual activity?
  3. What do you need to help you effectively communicate with a trusted adult about sexual and reproductive health?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Attitudes about sexuality are influenced by families, peers, and the media
  2. Relationships with friends and family members can influence decision-making in positive and negative ways.

Nature Of:

  1. Learning about sexuality and discussing sexual issues is critical for health.
  2. There are many physical, emotional, and social implications associated with engaging in sexual activity.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

4. Analyze how positive health behaviors can benefit people throughout their life span

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Explain the concepts of the food pyramid such as nutrient-rich foods being balanced with physical activity (DOK 1-2)
  2. Analyze the short and long-term benefits and consequences of healthy eating and physical activity (DOK 1-4)
  3. Summarize personal strategies for reducing sun damage as well as hearing and vision damage (DOK 1-2)
  4. Explain the benefits of good hygiene practices for promoting health and maintaining social relationships (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What are the most important determinants of mortality?
  2. Why are there so many health problems in the U.S. caused by poor nutrition and inactivity in spite of available information?
  3. What are the different energy requirements of different ages and different activity levels?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Physical activity improves physical, mental and cognitive health.
  2. Sunscreens come in different protection levels to accommodate individual skin-types and burn rate.

Nature Of:

  1. People who eat a healthy diet, are physically active and do not smoke have a greatly reduced incidence of morbidity and mortality.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health
Grade Level Expectations: Sixth Grade
Standard: 3. Emotional and Social Wellness in Health

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Understand how to be mentally and emotionally healthy

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Explain the interrelationship of physical, mental, emotional, social, and spiritual health (DOK 1-4)
  2. Analyze the relationship between feelings and behavior (DOK 1-4)
  3. Explain appropriate ways to express needs, wants, and feelings (DOK 1-4)
  4. Explain the causes, symptoms, and effects of anxiety and depression (DOK 1-2)
  5. Identify feelings of depression, sadness, and hopelessness for which someone should seek help (DOK 1-2)
  6. Identify feelings and emotions associated with loss and grief (DOK 1)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why do feelings affect behavior?
  2. How can a person control their feelings?
  3. How can the expression of feelings or emotions help or hurt you and others?
  4. Are mental health problems as real/valid as other health problems?
  5. When is it normal to experience anxiety? Depression?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Role-playing activities allow individuals to explore how they might react to unfamiliar situations.
  2. Being aware of one's own feelings and of being sensitive to the feelings of others is important.

Nature Of:

  1. Physical, mental, emotional, social, and spiritual health are interrelated.
  2. Mental and emotional problems are often regarded as less important than physical problems but can be just as debilitating.
  3. Feelings of sadness and grief are normal.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health
Grade Level Expectations: Sixth Grade
Standard: 4. Prevention and Risk Management in Health

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Analyze the factors that influence a person's decision to use or not to use alcohol and tobacco

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Analyze internal influences such as genetics, personality, and risk-seeking behaviors on alcohol and tobacco use (DOK 1-4)
  2. Analyze external influences on alcohol and tobacco use (DOK 1-4)
  3. Analyze the influence of exercise, nutrition, and social relationships on alcohol and tobacco (DOK 1-4)
  4. Analyze various strategies the media use, including advertisements and movies, to encourage or discourage tobacco and alcohol (DOK 1-4)
  5. Identify common mixed messages about alcohol in the media such as "drink responsibly" messages (DOK 1-2)
  6. Analyze the perception versus the reality of alcohol use in adolescents (DOK 1-4)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does alcohol affect the body?
  2. If everyone had the most accurate information available, would they still use alcohol or tobacco?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Historically, alcohol and tobacco were not considered harmful.
  2. Social networks can support positive decision making.

Nature Of:

  1. Behaviors are affected by heredity, environment and lifestyle.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Demonstrate the ability to avoid alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Demonstrate decision-making skills that lead to being substance-free (DOK 1-3)
  2. Demonstrate effective, assertive refusal skills in refusing tobacco, alcohol, drugs, and other substances (DOK 1-3)
  3. Explain how decisions about substances affect relationships (DOK 1-3)
  4. Identify and summarize positive alternatives to substance use (DOK 1-3)
  5. Demonstrate planning skills for avoiding alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is it important to be accountable for decisions about substance use?
  2. What would you say to a friend who asked you to try a cigarette when you did not want to?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Learning to respectfully and assertively communicate sets the foundation for healthy choices.

Nature Of:

  1. Good decision making involves personal efficacy, accurate information, and skill development.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Demonstrate self-management skills to reduce violence and actively participate in violence prevention

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Describe the short- and long-term consequences of violence on perpetrators, victims, and bystanders
  2. Explain the role of bystanders in escalating, preventing, or stopping bullying, fighting, hazing, or violence
  3. Describe strategies to avoid physical fighting and violence
  4. Identify a variety of nonviolent ways to respond when angry or upset
  5. Demonstrate the ability to identify a trusted adult to whom school or community violence should be reported (DOK 1-3)
  6. Describe the dangers of and actions to be taken if weapons are seen or suspected in schools (DOK 1-2)
  7. Demonstrate ways of solving conflicts nonviolently such as conflict resolution and diffusion (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How can one person reduce violence?
  2. What are positive and negative effects of weapons on society?
  3. What situations lead to physical fighting and violence?
  4. Why is it my job to stop violence?

Relevance & Application:

  1. The presence of weapons increases the risk of serious injuries.
  2. There are school and community resources to help with violence issues.

Nature Of:

  1. Personal strategies can be learned to develop and enhance healthy behaviors and to avoid, reduce, and cope with unhealthy, risky, or potentially unsafe situations.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

4. Demonstrate ways to advocate for safety, and prevent unintentional injuries

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Demonstrate the ability to identify and correct safety hazards at home, in school, and in the community (DOK 1-3)
  2. Demonstrate ways to campaign to help to promote safety, and prevent unintentional injuries (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Is it possible to create schools and communities that are totally safe?
  2. Would it be desirable to create these totally safe communities?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Advocate for safe efficient transportation for all users surrounding your school.

Nature Of:

  1. Helping my community through advocacy efforts for safety positively affects others and may inspire others to advocate for safety concerns