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New Colorado P-12 Academic Standards

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Content Area: Comprehensive Health
Grade Level Expectations: High School
Standard: 2. Physical and Personal Wellness in Health

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

6. Develop and maintain the ongoing evaluation of factors that impact health, and modify lifestyle accordingly

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Analyze the role of personal responsibility in maintaining and enhancing personal, family, and community wellness (DOK 1-4)
  2. Debate the social and ethical implications of the availability and use of technology and medical advances to support wellness (DOK 3-4)
  3. Explain the importance of health screenings, immunizations, checkups, i and other examinations that are necessary to maintain overall health and wellness (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Would one still need a doctor if one always ate "healthy," and always maintained an active lifestyle?
  2. What could happen if everyone's medical records were open for public viewing?
  3. How does one's neighborhood impact one's health?
  4. What are the obstacles to accessing health care?
  5. Should medical research focus on promoting wellness or finding cures for known diseases?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Individuals who lack access to health care and adequate wellness information may be at risk for developing illnesses.
  2. Socioeconomic status and educational attainment impact health.
  3. Public health policies are designed to protect the health of a community and can include laws pertaining to air quality, food protection, solid waste management, hazardous waste management, and water quality.
  4. Behavioral and environmental factors can contribute to major chronic diseases.

Nature Of:

  1. Quality of life is linked to our personal investment in health and wellness.
  2. Self-evaluation and self-regulation contribute to well-being.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health
Grade Level Expectations: Eighth Grade
Standard: 2. Physical and Personal Wellness in Health

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

4. Promote and enhance health through disease prevention

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Explain contributing factors to health status (DOK 1-4)
  2. Analyze the relationship among poor eating habits, inactivity, tobacco and alcohol use, and health status (DOK 1-4)
  3. Explain the body's response to disuse and other stressors (DOK 1-3)
  4. Explain how the immune system functions to prevent and combat disease (DOK 1-3)
  5. Describe the potential health consequences of popular fads or trends (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why are some people healthier than others?
  2. What might happen if there were a cure for cancer and genetic diseases?
  3. When might stress be beneficial?
  4. Why do some people get sick more than others?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Popular fads or trends have potential social and health consequences.
  2. Advances in genetics and science influence health outcomes.
  3. Global travel affects disease transmission and outbreaks.

Nature Of:

  1. Health and wellness is a personal and a global issue dependent on behavior choices, scientific advances, and ever-changing information.
  2. Decisions made today may affect personal health in the future.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health
Grade Level Expectations: Sixth Grade
Standard: 2. Physical and Personal Wellness in Health

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

4. Analyze how positive health behaviors can benefit people throughout their life span

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Explain the concepts of the food pyramid such as nutrient-rich foods being balanced with physical activity (DOK 1-2)
  2. Analyze the short and long-term benefits and consequences of healthy eating and physical activity (DOK 1-4)
  3. Summarize personal strategies for reducing sun damage as well as hearing and vision damage (DOK 1-2)
  4. Explain the benefits of good hygiene practices for promoting health and maintaining social relationships (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What are the most important determinants of mortality?
  2. Why are there so many health problems in the U.S. caused by poor nutrition and inactivity in spite of available information?
  3. What are the different energy requirements of different ages and different activity levels?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Physical activity improves physical, mental and cognitive health.
  2. Sunscreens come in different protection levels to accommodate individual skin-types and burn rate.

Nature Of:

  1. People who eat a healthy diet, are physically active and do not smoke have a greatly reduced incidence of morbidity and mortality.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health
Grade Level Expectations: Fifth Grade
Standard: 2. Physical and Personal Wellness in Health

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

4. Demonstrate interpersonal communication skills needed to discuss personal health problems to establish and maintain personal health and wellness

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Identify appropriate adults with whom to discuss personal health problems (DOK 1-3)
  2. Demonstrate appropriate ways to talk to someone such as a parent or health care provider about personal health problems, issues, and concerns (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What could happen if I did not tell someone about my health condition?
  2. Why is it important to ask for what I need?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Clearly communicating with a health care provider regarding needs is critical to receiving the best care possible.
  2. Web-based health information sites can be useful, but should be examined for accuracy to avoid misinformation.

Nature Of:

  1. Interpersonal communication about health conditions and concerns is critical for prevention of disease and maintaining good health.
  2. Individuals need support when making decisions about when and with whom to discuss healthcare questions or concerns.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

5. Comprehend concepts, and identify strategies to prevent the transmission of disease

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Differentiate between communicable and non-communicable diseases, including asthma, AIDS, epilepsy (DOK 1-2)
  2. Describe how the body fights germs and diseases naturally, with medicines, and through immunization (DOK 1-2)
  3. Describe ways to prevent the spread of germs that cause infectious diseases through food, water, air, blood, and touch (DOK 1-2)
  4. Describe the effects of HIV infection on the body (DOK 1-2)
  5. Explain how HIV is and is not contracted (DOK 1-2)
  6. Explain that it is safe to be a friend of someone who has a disease or conditions that cannot be easily transmitted such as asthma, epilepsy, or AIDS (DOK 1-4)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why did people die earlier in the early 1900s?
  2. How can you avoid contact with germs? How can you help your body fight germs? How can you be sure not to spread germs?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Good hygiene, such as handwashing, deters the spread of germs.
  2. Technological advances assist with disease tracking and prevention.

Nature Of:

  1. Many strategies exist to prevent transfer of germs and disease transmission and to control the severity of illnesses.
  2. Tolerance, appreciation, and understanding of the conditions of others demonstrate humanity and empathy.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health
Grade Level Expectations: Fourth Grade
Standard: 2. Physical and Personal Wellness in Health

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Explain that the dimensions of wellness are interrelated and impact personal health

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Explain the physical, social, and emotional dimensions of personal health and wellness and how they interact (DOK 1-4)
  2. Define wellness (DOK 1)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What is wellness?
  2. What are the benefits and consequences of our choices in terms of wellness?
  3. Why does wellness sometimes require that we make changes to our current behaviors, relationships, or actions?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Personal behaviors, such as eating healthy and engaging in physical activity, have a long term effect on wellness.

Nature Of:

  1. Current and future personal wellness is dependent upon applying health-related concepts and skills in everyday lifestyle behaviors.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health
Grade Level Expectations: Second Grade
Standard: 2. Physical and Personal Wellness in Health

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Recognize basic childhood chronic diseases

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Identify problems associated with common childhood chronic diseases or conditions, including but not limited to asthma, allergies, type-1 diabetes, and epilepsy (DOK 1-3)
  2. Communicate concern to an appropriate adult when a person is having an allergic reaction or difficulty breathing (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How can you tell if someone is having an allergic reaction?
  2. What actions might you take if you saw a person who was having trouble breathing?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Food allergies are common and it is important to understand how to decrease exposure to allergens..
  2. If someone is having difficulty breathing or is not responding, it is important to know how to seek help.

Nature Of:

  1. Chronic diseases and allergies can be effectively managed.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health
Grade Level Expectations: First Grade
Standard: 2. Physical and Personal Wellness in Health

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Demonstrate health enhancing behaviors to prevent unintentional injury or illness

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Demonstrate ways to prevent harmful effects of the sun as well as hearing and vision loss (DOK 1-2)
  2. Explain that germs cause disease (DOK 1-2)
  3. Describe the symptoms that occur when a person is sick (DOK 1)
  4. Demonstrate ways to prevent the spread of germs that cause common, infectious diseases (DOK 1-2)
  5. Demonstrate proper steps for treating a wound to reduce chances of infection (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What makes some people more susceptible to Sun damage?
  2. What if we lived in a place that had loud noises all the time?
  3. How does a person get a cold?
  4. Why do surgeons scrub their hands and put on gloves prior to surgery?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Goggles and sun glasses help protects the eyes from injury and damage.
  2. The use of soaps and tissues help prevent the spread of germs.
  3. Scientists have developed products designed to limit sun exposure.
  4. Researchers study how germs spread locally and around the world.

Nature Of:

  1. Strategies exist to prevent damage to the skin from the sun, hearing loss, and vision loss.
  2. A person can make positive decisions to protect themselves from getting sick.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health
Grade Level Expectations: Kindergarten
Standard: 2. Physical and Personal Wellness in Health

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Explain how personal hygiene and cleanliness affect wellness

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Describe what it means to be healthy (DOK 1)
  2. Explain why hygiene is important for good health (DOK 1-3)
  3. Demonstrate the steps for proper hand washing (DOK 1)
  4. Explain positive outcomes from brushing and flossing teeth daily (DOK 1-3)
  5. Demonstrate steps for proper brushing and flossing of teeth (DOK 1)
  6. Explain why sleep and rest are important for proper growth and good health (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What does it mean to be healthy?
  2. How would your teeth look and feel if you did not brush them?
  3. What if nobody ever washed their hands?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Lack of sleep affects concentration and mood.
  2. Effective hand washing can reduce the spread of germs that cause colds and flu.

Nature Of:

  1. Good hygiene promotes good physical health.

Content Area: Comprehensive Health
Grade Level Expectations: Preschool
Standard: 2. Physical and Personal Wellness in Health

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Develop self-management skills and personal hygiene skills to promote healthy habits

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Develop an awareness of healthy habits such as using clean tissues, washing hands, handling food hygienically, brushing teeth, and dressing appropriately for the weather (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is it important to take care of your teeth?
  2. How would you feel if you did not have the right clothes for a very cold or hot day?

Relevance & Application:

  1. The mothers of many baby animals such as cats and rabbits, clean their babies by licking them.
  2. Automatic water faucets, soap dispensers and toilets allow users to be "hands-free" in public place.

Nature Of:

  1. Personal hygiene is an important step in the prevention of disease and illness.