New Colorado P-12 Academic Standards

Current Display Filter: Reading, Writing and Communicating - All - by Specific Prepared Graduate Competency - (Remove PGC Filter)

Content Area: Reading, Writing and Communicating
Grade Level Expectations: Twelfth Grade
Standard: 1. Oral Expression and Listening

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Effective collaborative groups accomplish goals

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Work with peers to promote civil, democratic discussions and decision-making, set clear goals and deadlines, and establish individual roles as needed. (CCSS: SL.11-12.1b)
  2. Propel conversations by posing and responding to questions that probe reasoning and evidence; ensure a hearing for a full range of positions on a topic or issue; clarify, verify, or challenge ideas and conclusions; and promote divergent and creative perspectives. (CCSS: SL.11-12.1c)
  3. Implement an effective group effort that achieves a goal
  4. Participate in the preparations of the group activity or product, defining and assuming individual roles and responsibilities
  5. Assume a leadership role in a group that is collaboratively working to accomplish a goal
  6. Self-evaluate roles in the preparation and completion of the group goal
  7. Critique and offer suggestions for improving presentations given by own group and other groups

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is being able to effectively function in a collaborative group a necessary skill?
  2. How do effective groups balance individual responsibility with group interdependence?
  3. What criteria could be used to measure the effectiveness of a group?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Assuming responsibility for and participation in small group activities (such as a sports team, debate team, fundraising, part-time job, service project) improves the quality of the intended goal.
  2. Raising questions in a group setting can often lead to new and unexpected outcomes.
  3. Using a shared online workspace enables groups to build collective knowledge.
  4. Enlisting all members of a sports team to do their part ensures a win and a successful team.

Nature Of:

  1. Use of skilled communication in group settings creates collaboration and understanding.

Content Area: Reading, Writing and Communicating
Grade Level Expectations: Eighth Grade
Standard: 1. Oral Expression and Listening

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Communication skills and interviewing techniques are required to gather information and to develop and deliver oral presentations

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 8 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly. (CCSS: SL.8.1)
    • Come to discussions prepared, having read or researched material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion. (CCSS: SL.8.1a)
    • Follow rules for collegial discussions and decision-making, track progress toward specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed. (CCSS: SL.8.1b)
    • Pose questions that connect the ideas of several speakers and respond to others' questions and comments with relevant evidence, observations, and ideas. (CCSS: SL.8.1c)
    • Acknowledge new information expressed by others, and, when warranted, qualify or justify their own views in light of the evidence presented. (CCSS: SL.8.1d)
    • Identify a central idea and prepare and ask relevant interview questions for researching and developing ideas further
    • Evaluate the effectiveness of the techniques used and information gained from the interview
    • Give a planned oral presentation to a specific audience for an intended purpose
    • Demonstrate appropriate verbal and nonverbal delivery techniques (clear enunciation, gesture, volume, pace, use of visuals, and language) for intended effect
  2. Analyze the purpose of information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and evaluate the motives (e.g., social, commercial, political) behind its presentation. (CCSS: SL.8.2)
  3. Delineate a speaker's argument and specific claims, evaluating the soundness of the reasoning and relevance and sufficiency of the evidence and identifying when irrelevant evidence is introduced. (CCSS: SL.8.3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How do delivery techniques change in relation to audience purpose or content?
  2. What makes a good interview?
  3. How do presenters determine what information is relevant when preparing a report or presentation?
  4. How do speakers know if an audience is actively engaged in a presentation?

Relevance & Application:

  1. When hiring, a supervisor must develop and use effective interview techniques to select the proper candidate.
  2. Public speakers can study theatre arts to improve their presentation skills.
  3. Audio and video recording technologies assist in studying interview footage to assimilate relevant information.
  4. Electronic presentation tools can be used to enhance oral presentations.
  5. Long distance interviews can be conducted electronically.

Nature Of:

  1. Skilled communicators use dialogue to understand and to be understood, with consideration for self and others.
  2. Skilled communicators must be open to the ideas of others.

Content Area: Reading, Writing and Communicating
Grade Level Expectations: Seventh Grade
Standard: 1. Oral Expression and Listening

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Small and large group discussions rely on active listening and the effective contributions of all participants

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 7 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly. (CCSS: SL.7.1)
    • Come to discussions prepared, having read or researched material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion. (CCSS: SL.7.1a)
    • Follow rules for collegial discussions, track progress toward specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed. (CCSS: SL.7.1b)
    • Pose questions that elicit elaboration and respond to others' questions and comments with relevant observations and ideas that bring the discussion back on topic as needed. (CCSS: SL.7.1c)
    • Acknowledge new information expressed by others and, when warranted, modify their own views. (CCSS: SL.7.1d)
  2. Analyze the main ideas and supporting details presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how the ideas clarify a topic, text, or issue under study. (CCSS: SL.7.2)
  3. Delineate a speaker's argument and specific claims, evaluating the soundness of the reasoning and the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence. (CCSS: SL.7.3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What makes an effective discussion?
  2. How can everyone contribute without a few people dominating the discussion?
  3. What strategies do effective communicators use to involve other people in the discussion?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Journalists summarize complex issues for the general public.
  2. Political representatives integrate the needs and wants of a community into new policy recommendations.
  3. Real-time feedback technologies rely on the active participation of all members to have a successful discussion.
  4. Musical ensembles require the cooperation of all players to produce the desired sound.

Nature Of:

  1. Skilled communicators demonstrate a balance between listening and sharing.
  2. Skilled listeners recognize that others have important ideas.

Content Area: Reading, Writing and Communicating
Grade Level Expectations: Sixth Grade
Standard: 1. Oral Expression and Listening

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Successful group discussions require planning and participation by all

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Present claims and findings, sequencing ideas logically and using pertinent descriptions, facts, and details to accentuate main ideas or themes; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation. (CCSS: SL.6.4)
  2. Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, images, music, sound) and visual displays in presentations to clarify information. (CCSS: SL.6.5)
  3. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (CCSS: SL.6.6)
  4. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 6 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly. (CCSS: SL.6.1)
    • Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion. (CCSS: SL.6.1a)
    • Follow rules for collegial discussions, set specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed. (CCSS: SL.6.1b)
    • Pose and respond to specific questions with elaboration and detail by making comments that contribute to the topic, text, or issue under discussion. (CCSS: SL.6.1c)
    • Review the key ideas expressed and demonstrate understanding of multiple perspectives through reflection and paraphrasing. (CCSS: SL.6.1d)
  5. Interpret information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how it contributes to a topic, text, or issue under study. (CCSS: SL.6.2)
  6. Delineate a speaker's argument and specific claims, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not. (CCSS: SL.6.3)
  7. Use evidence to develop credibility (such as citing textual evidence to support opinions)
  8. Recognize the difference between informal and formal language and make choices appropriate for group purposes

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What happens when members of a group don't listen to one another?
  2. How do members of a group know if they are using credible sources?
  3. What active listening strategies can individuals use while working in a group?
  4. Why is it important for people to wait their turn before providing an opinion or giving feedback?
  5. What tools can be used in a small group to organize the discussion?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Contributing ideas and listening respectfully lead to greater buy-in and give society a larger understanding of views of group members. (Scientists collect seemingly unrelated facts and discoveries and put them together to formulate a hypothesis. Coaches develop game plans that require the players to actively listen and participate to be successful.)
  2. The Internet offers search engines and library databases that help users identify credible sources.

Nature Of:

  1. Collaboration expands thinking and understanding by integration of others' ideas and perspectives.

Content Area: Reading, Writing and Communicating
Grade Level Expectations: Fifth Grade
Standard: 1. Oral Expression and Listening

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Listening strategies are techniques that contribute to understanding different situations and serving different purposes

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Listen to other's ideas and form their own opinions
  2. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 5 topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly. (CCSS: SL.5.1)
    • Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation and other information known about the topic to explore ideas under discussion. (CCSS: SL.5.1a)
    • Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions and carry out assigned roles. (CCSS: SL.5.1b)
    • Pose and respond to specific questions by making comments that contribute to the discussion and elaborate on the remarks of others. (CCSS: SL.5.1c)
    • Review the key ideas expressed and draw conclusions in light of information and knowledge gained from the discussions. (CCSS: SL.5.1d)
  3. Model a variety of active listening strategies (eye contact, note taking, questioning, formulating clarifying questions)
    • Summarize a written text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally. (CCSS: SL.5.2)
  4. Summarize the points a speaker makes and explain how each claim is supported by reasons and evidence. (CCSS: SL.5.3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How is eye contact used to persuade others who are listening?
  2. When is it important to use volume as a tool in communication?
  3. Why is it difficult to accept someone else's point of view?
  4. What can speakers do to make people want to listen to what they have to say?
  5. How does body language tell a speaker that he/she is having the desired effect on the audience?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Using precise language increases clarity in communication. (A mediator listens to both sides of an argument and then gives a recommendation to solve the problem.)
  2. Utilizing online presentation tools engages audiences from across the world.
  3. Acknowledging, both verbally and in writing, what has been heard is critical when learning new information.

Nature Of:

  1. Good listeners seek to understand before they respond.

Content Area: Reading, Writing and Communicating
Grade Level Expectations: Third Grade
Standard: 1. Oral Expression and Listening

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Successful group activities need the cooperation of everyone

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 3 topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly. (CCSS: SL 3.1)
    • Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation and other information known about the topic to explore ideas under discussion. (CCSS: SL.3.1a)
    • Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., gaining the floor in respectful ways, listening to others with care, speaking one at a time about the topics and texts under discussion). (CCSS: SL.3.1b)
    • Ask questions to check understanding of information presented, stay on topic, and link their comments to the remarks of others. (CCSS: SL.3.1c)
    • Explain their own ideas and understanding in light of the discussion. (CCSS: SL.3.1d)
    • Use eye contact, volume, and tone appropriate to audience and purpose
    • Use different types of complete sentences to share information, give directions, or request information
  2. Determine the main ideas and supporting details of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally. (CCSS: SL 3.2)
  3. Ask and answer questions about information from a speaker, offering appropriate elaboration and detail. (CCSS: SL 3.3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What are the different kinds of roles people have when working in a group?
  2. Do rules help people or hold them back?
  3. What characteristics do good group leaders have?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Express and support ideas with others. (Filmmakers select the most exciting and meaningful scenes from a movie to use in trailers.)
  2. Drivers need to follow the rules of the road to keep themselves and others safe.
  3. Interact with others by sharing knowledge, stories, and interests to build positive relationships. (Dancers in an ensemble work together to present a dance performance for others to enjoy.)
  4. Online shared workspaces can be used to enhance collaboration.

Nature Of:

  1. Good communicators work collaboratively with others to have the desired effect on their audience.

Content Area: Reading, Writing and Communicating
Grade Level Expectations: Second Grade
Standard: 1. Oral Expression and Listening

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Discussions contribute and expand on the ideas of self and others

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Tell a story or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speaking audibly in coherent sentences. (CCSS: SL.2.4)
  2. Contribute knowledge to a small group or class discussion to develop a topic
  3. Maintain focus on the topic
  4. Create audio recordings of stories or poems; add drawings or other visual displays to stories or recounts of experiences when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts, and feelings. (CCSS: SL.2.5)
  5. Produce complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation in order to provide requested detail or clarification. (CCSS: SL.2.6)
  6. Use content-specific vocabulary to ask questions and provide information

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is it important to use precise vocabulary in communication?
  2. How do people remember new words and their mean?
  3. How do people connect new words to things that are important to them?
  4. What is the most important thing to do to ensure people understand a presentation?

Relevance & Application:

  1. The use of precise language is important when communicating with others to clearly express an idea.
  2. Online dictionary resources offer new ways to expand vocabulary (such as personal word bank, word wall, picture dictionary, or glossary).
  3. Music writers (composers) and musical performers work together to create new songs and exciting performances.
  4. Use electronic collaboration tools to contribute to the group goal.

Nature Of:

  1. Good communicators choose their words carefully.

Content Area: Reading, Writing and Communicating
Grade Level Expectations: First Grade
Standard: 1. Oral Expression and Listening

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Verbal and nonverbal language is used to express and receive information

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 1 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups. (CCSS: SL.1.1)
    • Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., listening to others with care, speaking one at a time about the topics and texts under discussion). (CCSS: SL.1.1a)
    • Build on others' talk in conversations by responding to the comments of others through multiple exchanges. (CCSS: SL.1.1b)
    • Ask questions to clear up any confusion about the topics and texts under discussion. (CCSS: SL.1.1c)
  2. Ask and answer questions about key details in a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media. (CCSS: SL.1.2)
  3. Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to gather additional information or clarify something that is not understood. (CCSS: SL.1.3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What does it mean to communicate courteously in conversations?
  2. How can students ask for something without speaking out in class?
  3. Why is it important for students to wait their turn before speaking?

Relevance & Application:

  1. By listening, responding to others' ideas, and working together people can solve problems together that may not have been solved by an individual.
  2. A variety of technology tools help people clarify a speaker's or author's meaning when listening or reading.

Nature Of:

  1. Communicators can ask for things they need without being disruptive.
  2. Communicators know how to communicate effectively with peers, teachers, and family members.