New Colorado P-12 Academic Standards

Current Display Filter: Reading, Writing and Communicating - All - by Specific Prepared Graduate Competency - (Remove PGC Filter)

Content Area: Reading, Writing and Communicating
Grade Level Expectations: Tenth Grade
Standard: 4. Research and Reasoning

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. An author's reasoning is the essence of legitimate writing and requires evaluating text for validity and accuracy

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Analyze the logic (including assumptions and beliefs) and use of evidence (existing and missing information, primary sources, and secondary sources) used by two or more authors presenting similar or opposing arguments (such as articles by two political columnists that address the same issue)
  2. Evaluate the accuracy of the information in a text, citing text-based evidence, author's use of expert authority, and author's credibility to defend the evaluation

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Can one physically draw a line of reasoning?
  2. When does missing evidence possibly invent a new legitimate argument?
  3. If an author claims to be defenseless in a text, what authority does this give the reader?

Relevance & Application:

  1. With the accessibility and use of the Internet, individuals need to be able to synthesize and assess the information quickly.
  2. Critically evaluating online and print content will protect individuals from using incorrect or harmful information.
  3. Making judgments about daily experiences can result in improving the quality of life. (Analyzing medical research and procedures about anesthesia can save lives.)

Nature Of:

  1. Researchers evaluate circumstances that may occur and make informed judgments based on strong-sense critical thinking and use of resources.
  2. Researchers are persistent with work. When a decision or situation is new or questionable, the learner will look at multiple perspectives striving for validity or accuracy.

Content Area: Reading, Writing and Communicating
Grade Level Expectations: Ninth Grade
Standard: 4. Research and Reasoning

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Effective problem-solving strategies require high-quality reasoning

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Analyze the purpose, question at issue, information, points of view, implications and consequences, inferences, assumptions and concepts inherent in thinking
  2. Assess strengths and weaknesses of their thinking and thinking of others by using criteria including relevance, clarity, accuracy, fairness, significance, depth, breadth, logic and precision
  3. Implement a purposeful and articulated process to solve a problem
  4. Monitor and reflect on the rationale for, and effectiveness of, choices made throughout the problem-solving process

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How is reasoning used in problem solving?
  2. Why is it important to state the problem with clarity before beginning a research project?
  3. How do you monitor what they are reading for fairness and accuracy?
  4. What assumptions need to be asked about "relevant and irrelevant" information when solving a problem?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Problem-solving strategies are used in all content areas.
  2. Problem solving is a daily expectation.
  3. Learning to reason supports relationships and the ability to solve problems that arise at home or at work.
  4. Everyone benefits from finding new ways to solve problems.
  5. Recognition of multiple perspectives is important in this global society.
  6. Online social networking tools allow access to global perspectives
  7. An increased clarity of language helps people become better communicators both in speaking and writing.

Nature Of:

  1. Researchers know that there are biases that can influence their thinking. They monitor how they approach problem solving to keep these external influences in check.
  2. Researchers acknowledge the perspectives of others, which helps them be clear and precise in their language and writing.

Content Area: Reading, Writing and Communicating
Grade Level Expectations: Third Grade
Standard: 4. Research and Reasoning

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Researching a topic and sharing findings are often done with others

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Conduct short research projects that build knowledge about a topic. (CCSS: W.3.7)
  2. Recall information from experiences or gather information from print and digital sources; take brief notes on sources and sort evidence into provided categories. (CCSS: W.3.8)
  3. Interpret and communicate the information learned by developing a brief summary with supporting details
  4. Develop supporting visual information (charts, maps, illustrations, models)
  5. Present a brief report of the research findings to an audience

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What if research was always done alone?
  2. Why are visuals part of social studies, science, and other textbooks?
  3. Why is summarizing an important skill for all in a group?

Relevance & Application:

  1. People who build bridges and buildings work together to research and share ideas.
  2. Sports teams work together to discover the other teams' weaknesses.
  3. The members of a play recognize and present information using visuals and narrative tone.
  4. Researchers summarize information about a topic using reference materials.
  5. Researchers organize and present information using visuals and narrative.
  6. Compare and contrast Wikipedia with the content in library encyclopedia and resources.
  7. Using a collaborative online tool to share your work with others

Nature Of:

  1. Researchers scan visuals before they read text to help them focus their thinking.
  2. Researchers summarize information from different resources.
  3. Researchers look for evidence or supporting details to prepare for questions that others may ask after their presentation or during discussion.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Inferences and points of view exist

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Recognize that different sources may have different points of view
  2. Assess points of view using fairness, relevance, and breadth
  3. Determine the clarity, relevance, and accuracy of information
  4. Recognize that all thinking contains inferences from which we draw conclusions and give meaning to data and situations
  5. Assess inferences for accuracy and fairness
  6. Recognize what they know and don't know (intellectual humility)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How and why can points of view differ?
  2. What are the relevant points of view?
  3. How does one person's point of view compare to others?
  4. What information will support an inference?
  5. What happens if people use information that in not accurate?
  6. Why is useful to have many points of view on a topic?
  7. When is it difficult to have different points of view?

Relevance & Application:

  1. People use research to help support their ideas.
  2. Different sources have different points of view.
  3. People learn many things when they listen to others.
  4. Readers must learn to draw conclusions and make inferences because they help to improve comprehension.

Nature Of:

  1. Researchers understand that points of view are based on the interpretation of the reader.
  2. Researchers understand reasoning is done from a point of view, based on data, information, and evidence, and contains inferences by which they draw conclusions and give meaning to data.

Content Area: Reading, Writing and Communicating
Grade Level Expectations: Preschool
Standard: 4. Research and Reasoning

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Problems can be identified and possible solutions can be created

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Generate questions and investigate answers about topics of interest
  2. Gather relevant information and apply it to their problem-solving process or current event
  3. Seek and generate alternative approaches to solving problems

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What is a question?
  2. How do questions help people learn?
  3. How do people gather information when problem-solving?
  4. What is a problem in what we are investigating?
  5. How do people solve the problem?

Relevance & Application:

  1. At home, people talk with others about things they know and also ask about things they wonder about.
  2. Family members ask questions that apply to real problems.
  3. When sharing about new pet, the child shares information that is related to the new pet. (The new puppy eats my shoe as opposed to the movie about dogs was funny.)

Nature Of:

  1. Researcher knows that the question lays out the problem or issue and guides people's thinking.
  2. Researchers understand that for thinking to improve, it is necessary to seek out alternative ways to solve problems.