New Colorado P-12 Academic Standards

Current Display Filter: Reading, Writing and Communicating - All - by Specific Prepared Graduate Competency - (Remove PGC Filter)

Content Area: Reading, Writing and Communicating
Grade Level Expectations: Eighth Grade
Standard: 4. Research and Reasoning

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Individual research projects begin with information obtained from a variety of sources, and is organized, documented, and presented using logical procedures

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration. (CCSS: W.8.7)
    • Differentiate between paraphrasing and using direct quotes in a report
    • Organize and present research appropriately for audience and purpose
    • Present findings
  2. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation. (CCSS: W.8.8)
    • Differentiate between primary and secondary source materials
    • Document information and quotations; use a consistent format for footnotes or endnotes; and use standard bibliographic format to document sources
    • Write reports based on research that include quotations, footnotes or endnotes, and a bibliography or works cited page
  3. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. (CCSS: W.8.9)
    • Apply grade 8 Reading standards to literature (e.g., "Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new"). (CCSS: W.8.a)
    • Apply grade 8 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., "Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced"). (CCSS: W.8.9b)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How do we use the computer and other media to answer questions about a subject?
  2. What is the difference between a primary and secondary source?
  3. How might you invent a new set of rules about the use and style of footnotes and endnotes which you find more creative?
  4. When is a primary source unethical to use?

Relevance & Application:

  1. New forms of chemicals and medicines are approved and given to people to save or improve the quality of lives only after research, bibliographies and citations are presented.
  2. Search engines can exclusively do their scanning for logical and related sources based on direct quotes, footnotes and quotations in the research community networks.
  3. An understanding of intellectual property can be obtained by participating and publishing online.

Nature Of:

  1. Researchers know conducting reliable and valid research is an ethical responsibility.
  2. Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science and Technical Subjects, Grades 6-8. (CCSS: WHST.6-8.7-9)

Content Area: Reading, Writing and Communicating
Grade Level Expectations: Seventh Grade
Standard: 4. Research and Reasoning

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations) - (Remove PGC Filter)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Logical information requires documented sources

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Synthesize information from multiple sources using logical organization, effective supporting evidence, and variety in sentence structure
  2. Write reports based on research that includes quotations, footnotes, or endnotes, and use standard bibliographic format to document sources or a works cited page
  3. Prepare presentation of research findings (written, oral, or a visual product) for clarity of content and effect, and grammatically correct use of language, spelling, and mechanics

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How do writers summarize information in their own words?
  2. How do presenters determine if they will deliver their presentation in written, oral, or visual form?
  3. Which method is the most interesting to you when you are a member of the audience? Explain your thinking.
  4. Before beginning research, why is it important to organize and have a plan?
  5. How do you determine if your method of presentation is most effective?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Directional tools, manuals, and medical journals cite reference information accordingly.
  2. People judge others' work by what they write and what they say.
  3. Alternate means of copyrighting information are available online such as Creative Commons.
  4. When applying for jobs, applicants must use essential speaking and writing skills are for clear communication.

Nature Of:

  1. Researchers use proper documentation to give credit to the work of others.
  2. Researchers use effective organizational skills when planning reports and presentations.