New Colorado P-12 Academic Standards

Current Display Filter: Drama and Theatre Arts - All

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: High School - Extended Pathway
Standard: 1. Create

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Character development in improvised and scripted works

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Master fundamental vocal techniques, and demonstrate knowledge of dialects and accents, International Phonetic Alphabet, increased range and control, intonation, and connotation (DOK 1-4)
  2. Master fundamental movement techniques, and show increased poise and flexibility (DOK 1-2)
  3. Demonstrate fundamental motivation knowledge, and employ several strategies to discover what the character wants (DOK 2-3)
  4. Demonstrate several ways to overcome the character's obstacle (DOK 2-3)
  5. Identify and employ numerous tactics to get what the character wants (DOK 1-3)
  6. Connect internal and external work to fully realize the character (DOK 2-4)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What choices must you make to create a character unlike yourself?
  2. How can the use of character development techniques, both internal and external, result in well-rounded characters?
  3. How does creating a believable character affect the final product and inform the playwright's intent?
  4. How can one incorporate dance, music, and visual arts in creating a character?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Taking risks and making interesting choices enhances character development.
  2. Using technology and the Internet in cinema facilitates exploring characters and making alternative choices.
  3. Creating believable characters such as literary and political figures enhances real-world connections to literary and historical figures and diverse cultures.
  4. Character development skills lead to learning about empathy and playing the objective, both of which are important in the mastery of acting.

Nature Of:

  1. The process of creating a character is the foundation of human development and interaction.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Technical design and application of technical elements

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Analyze, research, and design scenery, lighting, makeup, costumes, stage properties, sound, film, and cinema or electronic media (DOK 3-4)
  2. Employ a publicity campaign for a given production (DOK 2-3)
  3. Describe and demonstrate artistic choices in the use of technology pertaining to technical elements of production (DOK 1-2)
  4. Develop theatrical production concepts through collaboration with directors, designers, and actors (DOK 2-4)
  5. Employ a variety of dramatic forms, performance styles, dramatic techniques, theatrical conventions, and technologies to create dramatic meaning (DOK 2-4)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is the technical design crucial to a theatrical endeavor?
  2. How do the efforts of theatrical managers, technical designers, and artisans affect the final presentation or production?
  3. How does the inclusion of media, cinema, film, and environmental and technical effects enhance the final product?
  4. How can music, visual arts, and dance be utilized in a theatrical performance?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Exploring alternative choices in technology helps to convey a production concept.
  2. Investigating historical progress and diverse cultures informs theatrical decisions.
  3. Understanding the roles of live drama and theatre arts, film, cinema, television, and electronic media help to deconstruct and reinvent the world at large.
  4. Applying knowledge in theatrical technical arts and production staffing leads to viable careers such as stage design, architecture, interior design, construction arts, television, and film production.

Nature Of:

  1. Drama and theatre are multifaceted collaborations that involve numerous levels of production aspects, problem-solving, and critical thinking skills to achieve a vision or concept.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Ideas and creative concepts in improvisation and play building

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Create an interdisciplinary project involving drama and theatre, which can be integrated to enhance school wide curriculum (DOK 2-4)
  2. Use correct form and structure independently to write a one-act play that includes full character development, believable dialogue, and logical plot outcomes (DOK 2-4)
  3. Use improvisation to create extended theatrical pieces (DOK 2-3)
  4. Participate in virtual playwriting and virtual society using contemporary Internet technology (DOK 1-4)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is creating an interdisciplinary drama or theatre project significant?
  2. How does improvisation aid in the development of believable dialogue and characters?
  3. How does playwriting form and structure assist in creating a one-act play?
  4. How can a musical instrument enhance a performance?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Creating a play may be enhanced through the use of current social, political, historical, and cultural themes and issues, and philosophies.
  2. Employing improvisational skills clearly informs the playmaking and writing processes.
  3. Developing improvisational skills contributes to spontaneous ingenuity and self direction.
  4. Contributing to a creative work by utilizing various technical resources such as digital, projections, and video/audio techniques enhances the overall production.

Nature Of:

  1. In creating devised works, an inventive, collaborative process is employed.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

4. Creation, appreciation, and interpretation of scripted works

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Select a one-act play for public performance, and write a director's concept statement for the interpretation of the work (DOK 2-4)
  2. Develop a plan for the audition casting process, and create and implement a complete rehearsal production schedule (DOK 2-3)
  3. Prepare a director's promptbook to record blocking and other notation, while maintaining a journal of approaches to coaching actors and solving artistic problems (DOK 2-4)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How can a one-act play that is relevant to a time, place, or social situation be selected?
  2. Does the selection of a one-act play and writing a director's concept statement reflect the capabilities of the ensemble process?
  3. How does the knowledge of historical periods impact overall production value?
  4. What are the best methods to determine effective casting, staging, and technical choices?
  5. How can current visual arts methods and materials aid in dramatic interpretation?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Creating a promptbook and researching the background of a play expands one's knowledge base and enhances the overall product.
  2. Understanding historical timelines and a play's influence on society gives one a basis for interpreting current events.
  3. Determining relevance and truth in artistic choices expands one's global awareness about topics such as the power of negotiations, diplomacy, social interactions, and critical awareness.
  4. Incorporating technological advances to recreate environment builds one's awareness of the production process.

Nature Of:

  1. The ability to work collaboratively is realized through coordinating with a production staff to finalize production details.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: High School - Fundamental Pathway
Standard: 1. Create

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Creative process in character development and script improvisation

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Apply these vocal techniques: Breath control, diction, projection, inflection, rhythm, and pace (DOK 1-2)
  2. Employ these movement techniques: body alignment, control of isolated body parts, and rhythms (DOK 1-2)
  3. Demonstrate knowledge of motivation (what the character wants) through the recall of emotional experience, blocking, and observations of the external world (DOK 2-3)
  4. Recognize and work against the obstacle - what's in the character's way (DOK 1-3)
  5. Identify and employ several tactics to get what the character wants (DOK 1-3)
  6. Connect feelings to thought process when creating a character (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does analyzing character help to understand human behavior?
  2. How does creating characters enhance real-world connections to literary and historical characters and diverse cultures?
  3. How can using current technologies such as social networking, Internet research, and media support and assist with creating a character?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Analyzing character helps to understand human behavior (e.g., pedagogical growth, and mental health issues).
  2. Creating characters enhances real-world connections to literary and historical characters, and diverse cultures.
  3. Using current technologies, such as social networking, Internet research, and media can support assist with creating a character.
  4. Creating a character can assist in developing one's personal voice.
  5. Identification with a character connects one's empathy to themselves and others as human beings who live and work together.

Nature Of:

  1. The process of creating a character is the foundation of human development and interaction.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Technical elements of theatre in improvised and scripted works

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Demonstrate how to run a sound board and light board (DOK 1-2)
  2. Show how to build simple pieces of scenery, and apply several different painting techniques (DOK 1-2)
  3. Apply basic makeup techniques for the stage (DOK 1-2)
  4. Identify appropriate stage properties and costumes for a given production (DOK 1-3)
  5. Create a publicity campaign for a given production (DOK 2-3)
  6. Understand and use technology to enhance activities and dramatizations (DOK 2-4)
  7. Create a project that uses electronic media to present a dramatic form in a new or enhanced way (DOK 2-3)
  8. Practice safety procedures for working with tools, paints, electrical equipment, and scene-shifting equipment (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is the technical side of theatre important?
  2. How do the technical aspects of a production support the overall presentation?
  3. How is the creative process influenced by the technical aspects of a production?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Investigating the roles of live theatre, film, cinema, television, and electronic media help to interpret the world at large.
  2. Studying technical arts can lead to careers in many disciplines such as architecture and design, the practice of law, engineering, and broadcast.
  3. Researching the numerous historical and inventive aspects of technical theatre leads to a deeper understanding of the field.
  4. Understanding improvisational technique in theatre gives insight to improvisation in music.

Nature Of:

  1. Drama and theatre are multifaceted collaborations that involve numerous levels of production aspects, problem-solving, and critical thinking skills to achieve a vision or concept.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Expression, imagination, and appreciation in group dynamics

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Create scenes and narrative structures to convey a dramatic intention (DOK 1-3)
  2. Develop improvisation skills through games, and make, accept, and extend offers in improvisation (DOK 2-3)
  3. Use improvisation as a form and a key technique to develop play building (DOK 2-4)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is play creation significant?
  2. What does improvisation do for the development of the individual?
  3. How can improvisation assist in play creation?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Using current social, political, historical, and cultural themes, issues, or philosophies improves creative works.
  2. Employing improvisational skills builds on the play making and playwriting processes and develops spontaneous ingenuity in the workplace.
  3. Building on various technical sources augments creative works.

Nature Of:

  1. In creating devised works, an inventive, collaborative process is employed.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

4. Interpretation of drama using scripted material

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Select a scene from literature, original, or scripted material, and contribute to the direction of a scene as a member of an ensemble (DOK 1-4)
  2. Articulate the rationale for all artistic choices concerning historical periods, genres, and relevant playwrights (DOK 1-4)
  3. Determine casting, staging, and technical requirements (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does the selection of a literary work reflect the capabilities of the ensemble process?
  2. How does the ensemble process help to build character and self direction?
  3. How does a director determine casting?
  4. How can music, dance, or art convey a culture or experience?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Participating in theatrical experiences builds confidence and fosters problem-solving skills.
  2. Using technology can recreate environment, enhance a production, and bring a creative work to life.
  3. Understanding the historical and cultural relevance of a play's structure helps to establish the connection among time, place, function, and environment.

Nature Of:

  1. The ability to work collaboratively is realized through coordinating with a production staff to finalize production details.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Eighth Grade
Standard: 1. Create

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Creating and sustaining a believable character

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Develop and use previously acquired movement and vocal techniques in relation to roles or characters, and make choices about them in order to develop roles or characters with commitment (DOK 1-3)
  2. Develop and use previously acquired vocal and physical techniques appropriate to conveying a variety of roles or characters (DOK 1-3)
  3. Generate, formulate, and apply character ideas to improvisation or scripted material (DOK 1-3)
  4. Discover a character's internal factors - such as objectives, motivations, status, background, experiences, independent activities, emotional responses, and personality - and translate these into voice, language, and movement that are unique to a role or character (DOK 2-4)
  5. Use the recall of sensory and personal experiences and the observation of the external world to motivate character behavior (DOK 1-4)
  6. Use improvisation techniques to explore the dramatic structures of scripts (DOK 2-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How many "characters" do you play in one day?
  2. What makes a character believable?
  3. Why is it important for scripts to contain diverse characters?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Creating a character and observing the characterization process validates the respect for exceptional performers, writers, artists, and public personalities.
  2. Analyzing characters and roles and performing them using the voice, body, and ingenuity deepens one's understanding of oneself, one's peers, and the adult community.
  3. Performing with increased knowledge and awareness of characterization technique leads to more awareness of the need for technical control of the physical environment. For example, a character with a disability or a character portraying a specific historical figure requires a precise, controlled plan for the set design to ensure the character is placed within an appropriate environment; otherwise the character is less believable.

Nature Of:

  1. Creating and maintaining a character requires self direction, confidence, and concentration.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Participation in improvisation and play building

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Create new, original, and unique roles or characters of one's own imagining by experimenting with plot and narrative structures such as realistic and abstract, dialectics such as presenting conflicting or contrasting ideas, and dramatic metaphors (DOK 2-4)
  2. Write a monologue and/or a series of dramatic scenes for an invented, literary, or historical situation or character (DOK 2-4)
  3. Demonstrate previously acquired improvisation skills through the appropriate participation in improvisation games with established rules and improvisation processes (DOK 2-3)
  4. Make, accept, and extend offers in improvisation, and contribute ideas in spontaneous and rehearsed scenes with a focus on the development and resolution of dramatic conflicts (DOK 1-3)
  5. Use and adapt issue-specific themes found in history, culture, dramatic literature, and personal experience to write and create scenes and scripts (DOK 2-4)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How do performers use personal experiences to enhance a scene or improvisation, but still connect to universal themes?
  2. Why is it fun to see history brought to life?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Using a variety of familiar and unfamiliar stimuli including current or historical, social, cultural, or political themes or philosophies is valuable to play building.
  2. Developing and appreciating spontaneous ingenuity through the improvisation process aids in social adeptness and acceptance.
  3. Exploring the styles and techniques in theatrical conventions for work on a stage fosters an appreciation of theatrical and educational technologies.

Nature Of:

  1. Realizing theatrical ideas fosters confidence and self-reliance.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Construction of technical and design elements

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Conceptualize, hypothesize, and analyze ideas from a scripted or improvised work in to design elements (DOK 2-4)
  2. Make and justify choices on the selection, and use design elements to support scripted and unscripted material (DOK 2-3)
  3. Identify and analyze the application of design elements to scripted and unscripted material (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How do technical elements affect the actors and their performances?
  2. What happens to a production if there is no cohesiveness in the design elements?
  3. How much freedom should directors have in changing or modifying technical aspects written in to a script?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Training in drama and theatre arts technology can be directly applied to vocations outside the educational setting such as corporate training, construction, performance, visual art, music, and sound and lighting design.
  2. Developing the imagination through lighting, construction, sound technologies, fashion, theatre business techniques, and media technologies enhances appreciation for engineers, scientists, and marketing experts.
  3. Developing confidence in technical skills in drama and theatre arts leads to many opportunities to work in theatre productions in high school and higher education institutions.

Nature Of:

  1. Creating, reflecting on, and analyzing one's own work are exercises in initiative, self-awareness, and humility.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Seventh Grade
Standard: 1. Create

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Characterization in a scripted or improvised scene

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Develop and use language appropriate to a role or character (DOK 1-2)
  2. Develop and use fundamental vocal and physical techniques appropriate to conveying a role or character (DOK 1-2)
  3. Play with a variety of roles, characters and relationships through improvised techniques in fictional situations and scripted text (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What makes an actor's performance of a character intriguing?
  2. Do inanimate objects have "character?"
  3. What are the differences or similarities in a role versus a character? Or are they one in the same?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Performing in rehearsal situations as a productive and responsible member of an acting ensemble demonstrates personal responsibility and commitment to a collaborative process.
  2. Performing, observing, and listening in the rehearsal process increases one's awareness of personalities in the community and confidence in social situations.
  3. Performing a character and observing the characterization process increases language skills in all other disciplines such as politics, social sciences, and retail and service industries.
  4. Using the performance space to express one's social imagination creates confidence in the technical aspects of performance.

Nature Of:

  1. Developing a character requires critical thinking, creativity, and problem-solving skills.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Contributions in improvisation and play building

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Develop linear scene and plot structures to communicate dramatic ideas (DOK 1-2)
  2. Devise, explore, and enact a variety of texts (DOK 1-2)
  3. Analyze, interpret, and explore simple or multi-layer scripts or scenes (DOK 1-3)
  4. Select and use appropriate information and communication technologies to devise collaborative dramatic works (DOK 1-3)
  5. Construct and analyze a situation to be improvised (DOK 1-3)
  6. Collaborate as part of an ensemble to problem-solve improvised scene work (DOK 2-3)
  7. Make, accept, and extend offers in improvisation, and contribute ideas in improvised scenes (DOK 2-3)
  8. Link play building scenes in different ways to create cohesive material/work (DOK 2-4)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How do ensembles accomplish their goal?
  2. How can a story move from place to place and scene to scene through time?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Utilizing movement, storytelling, literature, images, personal stories and experiences, music, creative writing, local community, media, government bodies and institutions, libraries, or the Internet as sources is key to obtaining the material used for play building.
  2. Using improvisation as a form and key technique to devise play building improves spontaneity and builds group participation.
  3. Participating in building a play enhances logical sequencing and problem-solving skills involved in other disciplines such as medical professions, aero space, corporate administration, industrial films, computer programming, and gaming.
  4. Understanding the complexity of devising a play aids in the appreciation of dramatic literature and playwrights.
  5. Participating in and observing the construction of the scene helps to create flexibility and tolerance toward others with all types of skills including performance, management, writing, and technical skills.

Nature Of:

  1. Developing ideas for theatrical situations requires higher level thinking skills, self-reflection and flexibility.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Technical and design elements in improvised and scripted works

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Make and justify choices on the selection and use of design elements to support scripted and unscripted material (DOK 2-3)
  2. Identify and analyze the application of design elements of scripted and unscripted material (DOK 1-3)
  3. Implement the use of appropriate vocabulary to describe the kinds of stage spaces (proscenium, thrust, and arena), stage directions, areas of the stage (upstage, downstage, stage right, and stage left), and basic blocking techniques (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why does the location of the audience matter when telling a story in theatre?
  2. Why does employing dramatic and theatrical vocabulary become essential when producing dramatic and theatrical works?
  3. What careers are dependent on theatrical production?
  4. How does knowing proper vocabulary enhance the process of creating a theatrical work?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Designing and building for the stage aids in environmental awareness.
  2. Using the imagination to interpret the written word in terms of physical surroundings enhances learning in sciences and mathematics.
  3. Building confidence in hands-on expression and skill builds respect for the personal space and expression of other people.

Nature Of:

  1. Great art requires skills and discipline to turn notions into a quality product.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Sixth Grade
Standard: 1. Create

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Characterization throughout a scripted or improvised scene

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Experiment with basic movement and vocal techniques in relation to roles or characters, and make choices about them in order to develop roles or characters with commitment (DOK 2)
  2. Create roles or characters of their own imagining through improvisation (DOK 2-3)
  3. Recognize character traits and choices in a scripted text (DOK 1)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How is it possible for one person or actor to play many different characters?
  2. What "roles" do you play in your own life?
  3. How realistic should a characterization be delivered?
  4. Why would actors find it necessary to create new characters or portrayals that differ from a script?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Making choices in vocal and physical characteristics helps the student discover more about themselves in relation to their community.
  2. Exercising the imagination opens abilities in other studies such as computer science, writing, scientific invention, and green energy technology.
  3. Performing for peers strengthens the sense of self.
  4. Performing increases the awareness of the physical performance space and its technical capabilities.

Nature Of:

  1. Exploring character allows for a better understanding of human nature.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Creation of a scene or play from an original idea, story, or other form of literature

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Develop scenes through improvisation, theatre games, puppetry, or writing that have distinct character, clear relationships, conflict, setting, actions, and a beginning, middle, and end (DOK 2-3)
  2. Create through improvisation a scene or situation from literature, history, or current events (DOK 2-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How do you synthesize a variety of ideas to create a final product?
  2. How does the creation of a story further enhance our understanding of literature?
  3. What role does imagination play in a scene or story?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Creating original scenes and plays develops problem-solving skills.
  2. Collaborating is employed to create improvised works.
  3. Creating original works through storyboards and available technology utilizes the skills that marketing firms, publishers, and film and television executives employ in their vocations.
  4. Creating original dramatic works applies the skills of imagination and problem-solving.
  5. Creating scenes or plays can be used to gain confidence in storytelling.

Nature Of:

  1. Exploring character allows for a better understanding of human nature.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Design and technical elements of theatre in improvised and scripted works

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Discuss, plan, describe, and make the design elements such as set, lights, costumes, props, sounds, makeup, special effects, media, and publicity for an improvised or scripted work (DOK 1-4)
  2. Choose, analyze, and discuss the emotional impact of design elements on an improvised or scripted play (DOK 2-3)
  3. Identify and use appropriate vocabulary to describe the kinds of stage spaces (proscenium, thrust, and arena), stage directions, areas of the stage (upstage, downstage, stage right, and stage left), and basic blocking techniques (DOK 1)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does a designer make choices to affect the emotions of the audience?
  2. How do designers collaborate with all members of a theatrical production?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Comprehending and working with theatrical technologies enhances an appreciation of different vocations both in drama and theatre arts, and in society in general.
  2. Providing artistic expression not connected to performing provides hands-on training for everyone and allows the inclusion of those who do not wish to perform.
  3. Understanding different kinds of staging and performance areas can stimulate the imagination and flexibility for adaptive skills.
  4. Recognizing the technical possibilities of a theatrical work can lead to exciting and creative outcomes, and employ skills used in vocations such as architecture, film and television, and graphic design.

Nature Of:

  1. Recognizing the technical possibilities of a theatrical work can lead to exciting and creative outcomes.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Fifth Grade
Standard: 1. Create

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Contribute ideas in improvisation and play building

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Identify and create a situation to be improvised including major dramatic elements, such as: who, what, where, when, why, conflict, theme and plot (DOK 1-2)
  2. Show improvisation skills through the appropriate participation in improvisation games with established rules (DOK 2-3)
  3. Make and accept offers in improvisation and contribute ideas in improvised scenes (DOK 2-3)
  4. Improvise and play build through group-devised processes (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How do actors bring up new ideas and information in an improvised scene/story?
  2. Why is it important to "say yes" in improvisation?
  3. What other disciplines rely on improvisational elements?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Play building can utilize movement, storytelling, literature, images, personal stories/experiences, music, creative writing, local community, media, government bodies and institutions, libraries, or the Internet as source material.
  2. Using improvisation as a form as well as a key technique to devise play building improves spontaneity and builds group participation.
  3. Participating in and observing the construction of the scene helps to create flexibility and tolerance toward others with all types of skills including performance, management, writing and technical skills.

Nature Of:

  1. Participating in a sharing of ideas is an exercise in collaboration and teamwork.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Develop a variety of visual configurations of the acting space

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Use the placement of the audience to affect the actors' entrances and exits (DOK 1-3)
  2. Use the placement of set pieces in the space to affect the actors' use of pieces (DOK 1-2)
  3. Test the effects of lighting and sound though an inventive process (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does the configuration of the venue affect the audience?
  2. How do sound and lighting create mood?
  3. How do script requirements of environment, time, and action affect scene design?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Spatial awareness such as audience placement, venue configuration, and set design provides context for how a scene is constructed.
  2. Analysis of the performance space stimulates problem-solving.
  3. The use of video allows for the evaluation and adjustment of design aspects.
  4. The development and skills in design produce the power to create or to enhance the economy and quality of life. For example, visual design and use of space is used to create ergonomic work environments and more efficient placement of lighting to reduce the amount of electricity required to illuminate a room.
  5. All inventions made by human hands require design skills.
  6. Staging is essential to successful theatrical productions, whether personal, business, or community.

Nature Of:

  1. The critical processes of observing, describing, analyzing, interpreting, and evaluating leads to informed judgments regarding the relative merits of artworks.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Fourth Grade
Standard: 1. Create

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Create characters from scripts or improvisation using voice, gestures, and facial expressions

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Utilize gesture and movement to create a character (DOK 1-2)
  2. Use voice such as diction, enunciation, projection, and tonal modulation to communicate characterization effectively ) (DOK 1-2)
  3. Apply facial expression to communicate motivation and mood (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How can changing one's enunciation, projection, diction, and tone impact the way an audience sees a character?
  2. How can facial expressions, movement, and gestures convey motivation and believability?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Performing, observing, and listening in the rehearsal process increases one's awareness of personalities in the community and confidence in social situations.
  2. Performing a character and observing the characterization process increases language skills in all other disciplines.
  3. Playing videos back is a one way to assess a performance. For example, film studios use "dailies" to help determine whether to re-shoot a scene.

Nature Of:

  1. Developing a character requires critical thinking, creativity, and problem-solving skills.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Create and write simple dramas and scenes

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Plan and record improvisations based on the five W's - who, what, where, when, and why (DOK 1-3)
  2. Understand and apply the creative process of playwriting to create an original drama such as a puppet play, scene, or story (DOK 2-3)
  3. Use existing literature, and adapt it by creating alternate endings or by altering the characters or settings (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What makes a story dramatic?
  2. What elements are essential in making a good drama?
  3. Why are the five W's used in creating a scene?
  4. How does changing a single element of a story alter the entire story?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Participation in and observation of scene construction helps to create flexibility and tolerance toward others and their skills.
  2. The application of the creative process demonstrates a sense of curiosity and imagination in creating original work.
  3. Simple storytelling techniques can be employed through scene creation.
  4. Simple scenes and improvisations are used in mass media such as comedic and dramatic scenes and video streaming entertainment to communicate a message or entertain.

Nature Of:

  1. Participating in the sharing of ideas is an exercise in collaboration and teamwork.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Design a scene through an inventive process, and perform the scene

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Create a design such as scenery, props, and costumes for an informal presentation through an inventive process (DOK 1-3)
  2. Collect, make, or borrow materials that could be used for scenery, props, or costumes for informal presentations (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What knowledge is necessary to design a scene?
  2. How does the design impact the audience's imagination?
  3. How does design impact the performers?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Scenery, props and costumes all play a part in setting societal norms and opinions.
  2. The contribution of relevant materials to a project develops self confidence.
  3. Knowledge of the purposes of everyday items in our surroundings transfers helps in deciding how to use a prop within a scene.
  4. Software programs can be used to design a variety of scenes and situations as an alternative to building models or devising sketches.

Nature Of:

  1. Imagination, analytical, and process skills are used in the creation of original works.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Third Grade
Standard: 1. Create

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Create characters

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Use a variety of vocal tones and breath control to create a character's feelings and mood (DOK 1-2)
  2. Create a variety of human or animal characters through developmentally appropriate physical actions (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does your voice change when your feelings change?
  2. How does your breath change as your emotions change?
  3. What parts of your body are used to portray an animal?
  4. What parts of your body change to portray different people?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Vocal variation is studied by a variety of mass media to create believable characters.
  2. Technology can assist in electronically altering vocal tone quality to produce nontraditional tonal qualities.
  3. Advertisers use vocal quality to focus an audience on their products.
  4. Understanding character movement gives insight in to what a character is feeling or who the character is.

Nature Of:

  1. Emotions are the seeds of character creation.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Create an improvised scene

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Develop through improvisation scenes with a defined beginning, middle, and end (DOK 2-3)
  2. Create scenes, puppet plays, or situations with original or literary characters and settings (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why must scenes have a beginning, middle, and end?
  2. What is the idea that grabs your attention in your favorite story?
  3. How do you make your scene understandable to your audience?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Improvisation is a skill used in science, music, and technology to help build the foundational blocks of discovery and scientific application such as computer software design, forensic science, scientific brainstorming, model building, simulation, and data interpretation.
  2. Improvisation connects drama and theatre arts skills and writing skills.
  3. Mass media rely upon improvisation to create television, movies, and commercial scripts.

Nature Of:

  1. Improvisation equals innovation.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Create stage environments to establish locale and mood

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Create a basic design depicting the difference between a stage environment and real environment (DOK 1-2)
  2. Craft set pieces such as furniture, appliances, or trees that could make up a stage environment (DOK 2-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is furniture set where it is in your house?
  2. How does the placement of items on stage affect the performers?
  3. How does the placement of items on stage affect the audience?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Creators of drama and theatre utilize skills used in other creative fields such as interior design when designing for different time periods and contrasting styles.
  2. Imagination based on situations based on everyday life clarifies the difference between fiction and nonfiction.
  3. Simulation software technology provides a wide variety of choices when designing stage environments.

Nature Of:

  1. Visualization is the seed of design.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Second Grade
Standard: 1. Create

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Use voice and movement in character development

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Demonstrate basic vocal quality such as tone and pace to convey a message (DOK 1-2)
  2. Use developmentally appropriate movement to create a character (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does a performer's vocal quality convey a message about the character?
  2. How does a performer's movement convey a message about a character?
  3. What comparisons can be made between theatrical vocal quality and musical vocal quality?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Advertisers use vocal quality to focus an audience on their products.
  2. Movement of characters gives insight in to a character's feeling and identity.
  3. Technology can assist in electronically altering vocal tone quality to create human and nonhuman characters.
  4. Drama and theatre require many vocal transitions to convey a message, much like vocals in music.

Nature Of:

  1. Decisions about vocal quality and movement are paramount to character development.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Create new dramatic elements from existing works

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Create with guidance new outcomes of basic plots (DOK 1-2)
  2. Improvise to create original characters and environments from an existing work such as a fairy tale, folk tale, or story (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does changing one element of a story change the rest of the story?
  2. Why is it important to look at different perspectives of a story?
  3. What parts of a story can be changed easily?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Context and a respect for others are furthered by viewing different perspectives through a dramatic lens.
  2. Openness to taking risks comes from improvising existing works.
  3. The improvisation from something that's known leads to the identification of variables in science.
  4. Mass media rely on adaptations of known plots to sell products and tickets.

Nature Of:

  1. Improvisation leads to innovation.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: First Grade
Standard: 1. Create

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Create characters and environments through dramatic play

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Demonstrate individual interpretations of a character's feelings through movement and voice (DOK 1-2)
  2. Respond to verbal prompts to demonstrate feelings such as sad and happy (DOK 1)
  3. Create animal and human characters in specific environments through improvisation (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How is creating an animal character different from creating a human character?
  2. Can animals have human feelings?
  3. When does creating a human character mimic real life?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Following directions demonstrates understanding in listening skills.
  2. Creating simple characters in their environment can relate to actual scientific habitats.
  3. Simulating videos provides an opportunity to create characters that can express or demonstrate a multitude of feelings.

Nature Of:

  1. Using dramatic play as the catalyst for character creation allows for the developmentally appropriate acquisition of drama and theatre skills.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Kindergarten
Standard: 1. Create

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Demonstrate characters through dramatic play

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Imitate or create people, creatures, or things based on observation using body and facial expression (DOK 1)
  2. Use body and movement to create environments (DOK 1-2)
  3. Create dramatizations or scenes that highlight cultural events (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does observing people help you create characters?
  2. How do people in other cultures move differently?
  3. How do people alter environments?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Character creation is used in video game simulations.
  2. Many societies around the globe recognize dramatic play as a key component in the human developmental process.

Nature Of:

  1. Using dramatic play as the catalyst for character creation allows for the developmentally appropriate acquisition of drama and theatre skills.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Preschool
Standard: 1. Create

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Demonstrate emotions and feelings in dramatic play

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Identify how people show emotions and feelings (DOK 1)
  2. Use facial expressions and movement to demonstrate emotions and feelings (DOK 1)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why do people show emotion?
  2. Why is it important to understand other people's emotions?
  3. When do people show emotion?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Advertisers study emotion to trigger a response in their advertising.
  2. It is easier to communicate with other people when you understand their emotions.
  3. Dramatic play connects with emotions and feelings portrayed in other arts disciplines such as visual arts and music.

Nature Of:

  1. Emotions are the seeds of play and character creation.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: High School - Extended Pathway
Standard: 2. Perform

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Drama and theatre techniques, dramatic forms, performance styles, and theatrical conventions that engage audiences

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Portray a believable character in situations from scripted and improvised plots (DOK 2-3)
  2. Master the fundamental requirements, and demonstrate the ability to rehearse and exhibit the following forms and skills: 1. Original works, scripted plays, scenes and monologues 2. Ensemble works 3. Improvisation and purposeful movement 4. Vocal control 5. Design and media 6. Public speaking (DOK 2-4)
  3. Demonstrate the ability to utilize the fundamental conventions and the following styles: Non-realism, commedia dell arte, Shakespeare, absurdism, mask work, improvisation, environmental drama, and theatre arts (DOK 2-4)
  4. Create an interdisciplinary project involving drama or theatre that can be integrated to enhance school wide curriculum (DOK 3-4)
  5. Use correct form and structure independently to write a one-act play that includes fully developed characters, believable dialogue, and logical plot outcomes (DOK 3-4)
  6. Determine through problem spotting if another actor's or one's own performance is believable and truthful (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What does theatrical convention teach about style?
  2. What skills are essential in portraying a believable character?
  3. Why is it important to understand numerous theatrical genres and styles?
  4. What does performing in different forms and styles teach the actor?
  5. What is the value of working independently on writing a one-act play?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Acquiring the essential skills of drama and theatre supports interdisciplinary, multiple intelligences.
  2. Understanding the different forms of drama and theatre and the use of a variety of conventional styles connects training in drama and theatre arts to industries such as film and television.
  3. Producing interdisciplinary theatrical projects synthesizes interdisciplinary content through the application and assessment of knowledge.
  4. Utilizing advanced technological systems can assist in theatrical business practices and performances.
  5. Adjusting to other actor's decisions within a performance demonstrates advancement in an actor's problem-solving skill level.

Nature Of:

  1. Participation in individual and ensemble projects instills discipline, initiative, and responsibility, teaches conflict resolution, and promotes taking risks.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Technology reinforces, enhances, and/or alters a theatrical performance

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Lead a technical crew in a production (DOK 3-4)
  2. Implement a major design element, scenic light, sound, or makeup while using complex technologies to enhance theatrical productions (DOK 2-4)
  3. Assume responsibility for the coordination of all aspects of a production by stage managing a theatrical event (DOK 3-4)
  4. Apply technical knowledge of safety procedures and practices in the use of theatre equipment, tools, and raw materials (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is the leadership of a technical crew essential?
  2. Why is identifying and understanding design elements critical to the success of a production?
  3. What are the key components of assuming responsibility and coordinating the technical aspects of a production?
  4. What are the essential safety procedures for a theatrical environment?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Incorporating multiple pathways through drama and theatre allows for one to apply his or her creative skills to livelihood and success.
  2. A stage manager ensures that a production runs smoothly by coordinating technical responsibilities with the instructions of the director.
  3. Understanding that theatrical production staffing mimics corporate structure broadens career possibilities.

Nature Of:

  1. Using technology in a performance promotes nonverbal expression, enhances production value, and fosters independent reasoning.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Direction or design of a theatrical performance for an intended audience

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Direct a theatrical text, including interpretation of the text and facilitation of acting coaching (DOK 3-4)
  2. Arrange the performance space, and coordinate the technical elements of the production (DOK 2-3)
  3. Manage the rehearsal process while creating a productive ensemble (DOK 2-4)
  4. Fully realize a director's vision (DOK 4)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What is the importance of a director's vision?
  2. What is the most effective relationship of a director with cast and crew?
  3. Who is responsible for the collaboration of what happens on stage?
  4. What is the director's role during the rehearsal process?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Understanding the dramaturgical research strategies through the use of multiple technologies facilitates the director's relationship with his or her cast and production team.
  2. Articulating the resources needed to support a production clarifies the relationship with the production team.
  3. Formulating historical and cultural aspects of a production assists in meeting the script's demands.

Nature Of:

  1. Working with a production team fosters collaboration, independent thinking, critical response, problem-solving, and conflict resolution skills.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: High School - Fundamental Pathway
Standard: 2. Perform

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Communicate meaning to engage an audience

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Rehearse and perform a scripted or improvised scene (DOK 1-3)
  2. Use previously acquired skills to demonstrate the ability to rehearse and exhibit the following: 1. Original works, scripted plays, scenes, and monologues 2. Ensemble works 3. Improvisation and purposeful movement 4. Vocal control 5. Design and media 6. Public speaking (DOK 2-4)
  3. Demonstrate the ability to utilize the conventions of the following styles: Realism, mime, vaudeville, puppetry, clowning, comedy, tragedy, improvisation, and melodrama (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why rehearse and perform theatrical material?
  2. What roles does an audience play in a variety of performances?
  3. What role does public speaking play in the world of drama and theatre arts?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Understanding the historical and cultural background of different forms of theatre aids one in creating believable performances.
  2. Utilizing technology can assist in performances, house management systems, and budgeting practices.
  3. Studying drama and theatre techniques, forms, styles, and conventions enhances and supports studies in other fields such as music and dance, advertising and marketing, and politics.

Nature Of:

  1. Participation in individual and ensemble projects instills discipline, initiative, and responsibility, teaches conflict resolution, and promotes taking risks.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Technology reinforces, enhances, and/or alters a theatrical performance

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Participate as a member of a technical crew and management team for a production (DOK 1-3)
  2. Inform the design of sets, costumes, sound, and lighting for a theatrical production (DOK 1-3)
  3. Exhibit an understanding of the interrelationship among the technical aspects of production, onstage performers, and audiences (DOK 1-3)
  4. Apply technical knowledge of safety procedures and practices in the theatre environment (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is the technical crew important?
  2. Why is research in the support of a theatrical production necessary?
  3. What is the value of exhibiting and understanding technical aspects of a production?
  4. What is the value of hands-on learning in a theatrical environment?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Using appropriate technology provides opportunities for meaningful theatrical experiences and expression by individuals who may not be performers.
  2. Recognizing safety concerns within a theatrical environment reflects safety in the workplace.
  3. Utilizing historical development of technological systems informs the connectivity to science and vocations such as software development, engineering, graphic design, and architecture.

Nature Of:

  1. Using technology in a performance promotes nonverbal expression, enhances production value, and fosters independent reasoning.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Directing as an art form

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Select and use performance spaces, drama and theatre conventions, and production elements appropriate to an audience (DOK 1-3)
  2. Generate audience response (DOK 1-2)
  3. Facilitate the rehearsal process (DOK 1-2)
  4. Bring a vision to fruition (DOK 4)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is a director essential in the playmaking process?
  2. What is the director's responsibility with regard to his or her commitment to the production concept?
  3. What is the relationship of the director to his or her audience?
  4. What are the best practices to facilitate rehearsal?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Understanding the interdisciplinary and real world connections within a director's concept for a production allows an audience to grasp the material by building on their prior knowledge or context of the world around them.
  2. Locating the resources needed to support a production informs and determines the production concept and requires strong research, reasoning, and problem-solving.
  3. Utilizing a director's skills, such as organizing, blocking, preparing rehearsals, scheduling, and conceptualizing, promotes successful leaders.

Nature Of:

  1. Working with a production team fosters collaboration, independent thinking, critical response, problem-solving, and conflict resolution skills.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Eighth Grade
Standard: 2. Perform

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Characterization in performance

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Perform sustained characters (DOK 2-3)
  2. Develop a sense of timing in performance (DOK 1-3)
  3. Demonstrate a character's motivation by using recall of sensory and emotional experience and observation of the external world (DOK 1-2)
  4. Apply voice and movement skills that demonstrate a strong understanding of the script or text in action (DOK 2-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What makes relationships among actors in a performance believable?
  2. How do actors make you believe that they believe what they are saying and doing?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Collaborating with peers on a project and contributing to its management develops leadership skills.
  2. Contributing to the total research and creative experience of a theatrical production enhances problem-solving aptitudes in other disciplines including literacy, engineering, and technology.
  3. Translating the written word in to a hands-on experience in a theatrical production strengthens aptitudes for technical careers.

Nature Of:

  1. Interpreting and shadowing leads to informed judgments regarding the relative merits of theatrical works of art.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Technology reinforces, enhances, and/or alters a theatrical performance

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Read, analyze, and evaluate a theatrical work, and name necessary technical elements (DOK 1-3)
  2. Present renderings and floor plans, build models of sets for dramatic work, and explain choices in using visual elements such as line, shape or form, texture, color, and space (DOK 1-3)
  3. Share sound choices for a production that reflect the realistic and emotional needs of theatrical work (DOK 1-2)
  4. Show appropriate respect for the safety and maintenance of the work space, tools, and equipment (DOK 1)
  5. Justify the necessary historical or relevant data to produce technical elements for a scripted or non-scripted play (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What is the relationship between the technician and actor?
  2. How accurate must renderings be when designing a model?
  3. What are the industry standard safety and maintenance requirements in community theatre companies?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Exploring design elements and creating renderings and models develops spatial awareness and appreciation for physical environment.
  2. Working on a production in a technical capacity enhances a sense of belonging and purpose.
  3. Employing technical skills ensures a place in a production for future educational settings.

Nature Of:

  1. Understanding technology and technical skills enhances presentational and communication skills.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Seventh Grade
Standard: 2. Perform

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Acting techniques in performance

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Integrate vocal and movement skills to communicate dramatic meaning and to enhance performance (DOK 2-3)
  2. Use body language, physical and vocal skills to create and perform a believable character (DOK 2-3)
  3. Contribute to the creation of a scene as a productive member of an ensemble (DOK 1-3)
  4. Perform clarity of a character's motivation and personality (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why do different texts require different acting styles?
  2. How does the ability to portray the same character from many perspectives enhance an actor's skill?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Collaborating on a project and contributing to its outcome develops pride and a sense of belonging.
  2. Exploring scripted material by interpreting it in spoken scenes validates academic studies in literature.
  3. Using a performance space and scenic elements enhances the importance of a project.
  4. Problem-solving within a collaborative group provides a more cohesive ensemble
  5. Using video playbacks can determine the dynamics of an ensemble within a performance or scene.

Nature Of:

  1. Contributing to the realization of a theatrical work is an exercise in collaboration and critical thinking.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Apply aspects of technology within a production

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Read and analyze a play for its technical requirements, identifying points in the script that require or enhance the addition of a technical element (DOK 1-3)
  2. Describe characteristics of theatre technology and equipment based on a tour of a high school or professional theatre (DOK 1)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How do designers adapt the technical requirements called for in scripts and plays?
  2. How does style come into play with technical elements?
  3. How much of a live performance should rely on new technology?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Analyzing the scripted material or the improvised story for physical necessities helps to make a reality of time and space.
  2. Exploring other performance spaces and comparing them to what is available allows one to feel respect for the art and those who practice it.
  3. Investigating the possibilities of a technical performance broadens the imagination beyond emotion and intellect.

Nature Of:

  1. Providing services for the good of the whole project embellishes the project and earns respect.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Sixth Grade
Standard: 2. Perform

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Confidence in characterization skills

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Demonstrate and apply the components of the character development process such as gestures, movements, and various vocal qualities and tones (DOK 2-3)
  2. Create and maintain clarity of focus in performance (DOK 2)
  3. Contribute as a collaborative and responsible member of an ensemble (DOK 1-3)
  4. Move through and act with confidence in a designated performance space (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is an actor's focus important?
  2. How does being in an ensemble help one approach other life situations?
  3. What are the steps in the character development process?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Participating in an ensemble to complete a theatrical project enhances strong goal orientation and focus in all lifelong endeavors.
  2. Performing helps to foster respect for everyone involved in the production.
  3. Simulating situations through software provides opportunities to explore many aspects of the characterization process.

Nature Of:

  1. Communication is a valuable byproduct of drama and theatre.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Recognition of responsibilities of various technical personnel in performance

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Demonstrate an understanding of the relationships among scenery, properties, lighting, sound, costumes, and makeup in creating a unified theatrical effect for a dramatic work (DOK 1-3)
  2. Name, describe, and discuss various technical roles in theatre (DOK 1)
  3. Understand and use some production elements creatively in a performance situation (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How can the use of a prop, costume, piece of music, or other technical elements create a "history" with an audience?
  2. What impact do technical elements have on production?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Exploring forms, colors, textures, and materials for technical and physical environment develops imagination and confidence in technology.
  2. Becoming aware of technical vocations broadens the possibilities for the future.
  3. Hands-on learning helps to complete a well-rounded educational experience that prepares one for careers beyond the arts.

Nature Of:

  1. Participating on a team promotes community responsibility.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Fifth Grade
Standard: 2. Perform

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. In rehearsal and performance, work as a productive and responsible member of an acting ensemble using scripted or improvisational scene work

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Demonstrate the balance between individual and group needs (DOK 1-2)
  2. Communicate artistic choices, and suggest alternatives to solve problems and build consensus (DOK 2-3)
  3. Meet deadlines, and follow through with group and individual commitments (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does a monologue differ from an ensemble performance?
  2. How is consensus built?
  3. How does one decide what is an individual versus group need?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Human relations skills such as cooperation, work ethic, and integrity are essential components in the workforce.
  2. Awareness and understanding of the dynamics of working together and the abilities to make group decisions, share ideas, and give and accept criticism are collaborative skills necessary to succeed in society.
  3. Rehearsal and performance skills are used in preparing for public or social events such as campaigns, interviews, marketing presentations, and town hall meetings.

Nature Of:

  1. Collaboration can lead to innovation.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Communicate characters through physical movement, gesture, sound and speech, and facial expressions

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Utilize realistic, authentic gesture and movement to create and clearly present a believable character (DOK 1-2)
  2. Use voice such as diction, enunciation, projection, and tonal modulation to communicate characterization effectively (DOK 1-2)
  3. Apply facial expression to communicate motivation and mood (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What is a believable character?
  2. What role do emotions play in communicating character?
  3. How do gestures or movements help to express emotion?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Broadcast journalism uses facial expressions to convey messages.
  2. Human beings communicate through a variety of nonverbal messages such as gestures, facial expressions, and body language.
  3. Essential to diplomatic communication is the understanding of body language and gestures.

Nature Of:

  1. Though the artist's imagination and intuition drive the work, great art requires effective communication to turn notions into a quality product.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Fourth Grade
Standard: 2. Perform

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Participate collaboratively with partners and groups

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Demonstrate problem-solving skills through group interaction (DOK 2-3)
  2. Demonstrate respect for others in dramatic activities (DOK 1)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does a group reach a general agreement where every voice is heard?
  2. How does one decide what is an individual versus a group need?
  3. Why is it important to work with your group?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Working together and coming to a common agreement are sometimes necessary when working with a group.
  2. Respecting the ideas of others leads to positive relationships, an enhanced end product, and a collaborative process.
  3. Employing collaborative skills is fundamental in working with colleagues and family, participating in athletics, and socializing.

Nature Of:

  1. Participating in the sharing of ideas is an exercise in collaboration and teamwork.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Demonstrate safe use of voice and body to communicate characters

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Communicate characters through the safe use of vocal intonation and breathing techniques (DOK 1-2)
  2. Respect the personal space of other actors in dramatizations (DOK 2)
  3. Develop character using safe body control techniques (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What does our culture consider "personal space?"
  2. How can breathing patterns be altered to affect the impact of a voice?
  3. Why is it important to project correctly?
  4. How does one's actions on and off stage affect his or her peers?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Human beings communicate through a variety of nonverbal messages such as gestures, facial expressions and body language.
  2. Essential to communication is the understanding of body language and gestures.
  3. The study of biology provides information about the basic physiology and importance of the proper care of vocal chords.
  4. Video playbacks can be used in assessing efficient and safe use of the acting space.

Nature Of:

  1. Developing a character requires critical thinking, creativity, and problem-solving skills along with vocal and spatial awareness.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Define stage direction and body positions

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Identify and incorporate stage direction such as stage right, stage left, upstage, and downstage (DOK 1)
  2. Identify body positions such as full profile and three-quarter (DOK 1)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How do different stage and body positions impact the image that is being created?
  2. What is special about the audience/performer relationship?
  3. Why is the audience important?
  4. Why do drama and theatre practitioners use stage directions? Why are stage directions important?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Awareness of the messages that are sent through body language enables one to function in society.
  2. Human beings communicate through a variety of nonverbal messages such as gestures, facial expressions and body language.
  3. Essential to creating an audience/performer relationship is an understanding of body language and gestures.

Nature Of:

  1. Though the artist's imagination and intuition drive the work, great art requires effective communication to turn notions into a quality product.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Third Grade
Standard: 2. Perform

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Perform a scripted scene

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Act in a scripted scene or reader's theatre in front of an audience (DOK 1-2)
  2. Use basic analysis skills to perform a character within a scene (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How is acting in a scripted scene different from acting in a scene you have created yourself?
  2. What do you need to know about your character before you can bring him or her to life?
  3. What would you like your audience to know about your character?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Acting connects reading and literacy skills with drama and theatre skills.
  2. Movies, television shows, and even the news require the use of scripts.
  3. The performance of simple scenes can be used to assess one's knowledge of a variety of subject matter.

Nature Of:

  1. The use of scripts is the bridge between play and structured performance.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Work effectively alone and cooperatively with a partner or in an ensemble

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Accept responsibility, and demonstrate respect for others in dramatic activities (DOK 2)
  2. Understand time constraints (DOK 2)
  3. Understand stage space and proximity to other actors and set pieces (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is it important to consider your use of time?
  2. How do the skills needed to create theatre change as the size of your group changes?
  3. How is working alone different from working with a partner?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Time management skills are necessary in every field and provide actors with an opportunity to be self directed.
  2. Collaborative skills are highly valued in many fields in the workforce and can be the determining factor in a supervisor's impression of a worker.
  3. Appropriate personal space varies depending on culture and career contexts.

Nature Of:

  1. Participating in the sharing of ideas is an exercise in collaboration and teamwork.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Second Grade
Standard: 2. Perform

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Dramatize short stories

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Act out the key elements of a short story (DOK 1-3)
  2. Create character movement needed within a short story (DOK 1-3)
  3. Create environments needed within a short story through body movement (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How can choices in movement affect a character?
  2. How can movement depict an environment?
  3. How does acting out short stories help you remember key elements of the story?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Using story software can aid in determining key events to act out in a story.
  2. Dramatizing fosters a fundamental understanding of story structure.
  3. Creating characters and environments serves as a foundation for understanding the components of the theatre process.
  4. Using short stories to create simple dramatic depictions develops foundational storytelling skills.

Nature Of:

  1. Choices in body movement communicate intended meaning.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Demonstrate movement based on stage directions

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Move respectfully throughout an acting space (DOK 1-2)
  2. Respond appropriately to the language of stage directions and body positions (DOK 1)
  3. Demonstrate the ability to differentiate between directed movement and free-form movement (DOK 1-2)
  4. Respond with gestures and movement in a dramatic portrayal (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why are stage directions important?
  2. How do decisions made about space effect a performance?
  3. Why does the number of performers affect the creative use of space?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Movement informs the way in which a director develops a performance.
  2. Movement patterns connect knowledge of space on a stage to a setting in a story.
  3. Transitions in movement require forethought.
  4. Strong self-directive skills are provided by following directions while respecting others in a space.

Nature Of:

  1. Stage directions create a sense of order.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: First Grade
Standard: 2. Perform

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Retell a short story or scene through dramatic play

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Retell through drama and voice the plot of a short story, and highlight the beginning, middle and end using movement and voice (DOK 2-3)
  2. Identify and demonstrate setting in a scene (DOK 1)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is plot important to a story?
  2. Do all stories have a beginning, middle, and end structure?
  3. Why is the setting important to a story?
  4. How are everyday situations different from imaginary situations?
  5. Why are props important?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Telling a story allows one to connect key aspects of literary elements and theatre elements.
  2. Gaming software relies on environmental awareness to extend a story.
  3. Understanding sequencing directly connects with ordinal numbers in mathematics.

Nature Of:

  1. Theatre by its very nature enhances literacy.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Kindergarten
Standard: 2. Perform

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Express a feeling or emotion through dramatic play or creative drama

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Use movement and facial expressions to convey feelings and emotions (DOK 1-2)
  2. Use sounds to express character, feelings, and mood (DOK 1-2)
  3. Demonstrate the ability to follow a simple set of steps in a dramatic task (DOK 1)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How can a facial expression change a conversation?
  2. How do actors move to express an emotion?
  3. How can sound be used to express a feeling or emotion?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Sequencing simple steps is done in math, science, and literacy too.
  2. Mass media use sound effects to elicit emotion in their audience.
  3. The ability to follow directions is an important skill in society.

Nature Of:

  1. Emotions are the seeds of play and character creation.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Dramatize ideas and events through dramatic play

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Use body and voice to create characters from various ideas and events (DOK 1-2)
  2. Use body and voice to create environments from various ideas and events (DOK 1-2)
  3. Use body and voice to demonstrate knowledge of holidays and other cultural events (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does where a character lives affect how it acts?
  2. How do different cultures celebrate special events?
  3. What events do local communities celebrate?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Dramatizing connects to the understanding of various cultures.
  2. Viewing videos of various cultural events and celebrations is a window in to understanding global cultures.

Nature Of:

  1. Using dramatic play to dramatize events and ideas is the catalyst to scene creation.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Preschool
Standard: 2. Perform

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Use dramatic play to imitate characters

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Use body and movement to depict various pretend characters (DOK 1-2)
  2. Use body and voice to depict various everyday characters (DOK 1-2)
  3. Initiate sustained dramatic play (DOK 1)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How do characters' movements differ?
  2. Are pretend characters or everyday characters easier to portray?
  3. How do characters' voices differ?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Dramatic play allows one to connect with real-life experiences.
  2. Video or audio can be used to demonstrate age-appropriate characters.
  3. The creation of characters deepens one's understanding of others.
  4. The creation of characters gives insight in to literary characters.

Nature Of:

  1. Developing a character allows us to connect with all people.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: High School - Extended Pathway
Standard: 3. Critically Respond

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Contemporary and historical context of drama

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Select an area of production process for independent study (DOK 1-2)
  2. Research, evaluate, and synthesize cultural and historical information to support artistic choices (DOK 2-4)
  3. Demonstrate a basic understanding of theatre history through the study of playwrights, theatrical styles, and historical periods (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does theatre vocabulary effectively communicate one's point of view for a theatrical observation?
  2. How does the production process impact the final product?
  3. How can awareness of theatre history affect the understanding of a production?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Employing self-directed study develops the initiative and responsibility of the individual.
  2. Making artistic choices based on research adds depth to the product and demonstrates the value of the research.
  3. Utilizing various resources in the research for a production, including cinema, Internet, and technical marketing, strengthens technical literacy.

Nature Of:

  1. Connections are made through analysis and research to the production process, which instills a sense of pride and promotes higher-level thinking.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Elements of drama, dramatic forms, performance styles, and dramatic techniques and conventions

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Identify and compare the lives, works, and influences of representative theatre artists from various cultures and historical periods (DOK 1-3)
  2. Compare and contrast plays of several different dramatic forms (DOK 2-3)
  3. Reflect and revise critical choices pertaining to dramatic texts and performances while articulating, justifying, and applying personal criteria (DOK 2-4)
  4. Script, film, or edit a documentary or satirical analysis on current events in school, community, or national or international news (DOK 3-4)
  5. Describe the functions, meanings, contributions, and significance of theatrical works within various cultures throughout history (DOK 1-4)
  6. Use problem spotting to make an informed decision about the quality of a theatrical production (DOK 2-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How do historical perspectives of theatrical accomplishments affect today's productions?
  2. What elements of theatrical productions remain the same?
  3. How do performance styles affect the outcome of a production?
  4. What makes film and cinema productions well received by various groups?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Analyzing the development of theatrical production within the social, historical, political, and technological development of various cultures validates the knowledge of the interconnection and value of all cultures.
  2. Writing, speaking, or creating works about theatrical performances, artistry, media presentations, or dramatic literature benefits the critic and the artist.
  3. Exploring drama and theatre through media, film, cinema, and Internet sources enhances proficiency in the use and knowledge of information technology and the newest developments in media technology.
  4. Problem spotting and problem-solving in productions require the use of essential communication.

Nature Of:

  1. Critical response to theatrical works objectifies the importance of the field.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Respect for theatre professions, cultural relationships, and legal responsibilities

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Investigate and explain the knowledge, skills, training, and self-discipline needed to pursue careers and vocational opportunities in theatre (DOK 2-3)
  2. Document and reflect on one's own work created over several years, and indentify successful approaches that could be applied in the development of future work (DOK 1-4)
  3. Create a personal code of theatre etiquette and ethics (DOK 1-3)
  4. Demonstrate awareness of professional ethics as an audience, cast, or crew member (DOK 1-2)
  5. Demonstrate how to secure rights and royalties for a production (DOK 1)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does theatre etiquette impact a theatre practitioner?
  2. How do theatre etiquette and ethics enhance the theatrical experience?
  3. In what ways can theatre etiquette and ethics be successfully conveyed?
  4. How can theatre ethics be applied to one's own work?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Examining the relationship between drama and theatre training and vocations provides awareness of career opportunities in the field and beyond such as professional theatre jobs, advertising, marketing, and carpentry.
  2. Responding to different viewpoints and beliefs develops a mature awareness, understanding, and acceptance of difference and diversity.
  3. Investigating the importance of copyright laws in script writing, set and costume design, script adaptation, and the use of music in production prepares one to work professionally in the performance arts.
  4. Securing rights and paying royalties validates the perception of the artist's rights and assures respect for the artistic product.
  5. Learning appropriate behavior in the production process and for public performances ensures respect and status in community, social structure, and lifestyle.

Nature Of:

  1. Proper etiquette in a theatrical environment helps the audience appreciate the production and translates to a greater respect for the arts.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: High School - Fundamental Pathway
Standard: 3. Critically Respond

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Analysis and evaluation of theatrical works

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Research the ways in which other artists have used self reflection to document and refine their work (DOK 1-2)
  2. Identify and describe orally and in writing the influence of other artists on the development of their own artistic work (DOK 1-2)
  3. Demonstrate knowledge of conventional theatre vocabulary (DOK 1)
  4. Research the cultural and historical background of a specific play (DOK 1-2)
  5. Communicate individual research to a collaborative team (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What can be gained by observing numerous and contrasting live performances?
  2. How does objectivity relate to experiencing a piece of art?
  3. Why is theatre live and what are the benefits of live theatrical performances?
  4. How should audience members and crew conduct themselves before, during, and after a performance?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Practicing proper behavior and dress at a public performance validates one's position as an adult in society.
  2. Investigating the importance of copyright laws in scriptwriting, set and costume design, script adaptation, and the use of music in production supports respect for these vocations and artists.
  3. Respecting the roles of the theatre family promotes maturity and social responsibility.

Nature Of:

  1. Proper etiquette in a theatrical environment helps the audience appreciate the production and translates to a greater respect for the arts.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Evaluation of elements of drama, dramatic techniques, and theatrical conventions

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Critique and evaluate artistic choices and personal reactions to dramatic presentations using guidelines for evaluating a theatrical production (DOK 2-4)
  2. Investigate and compare common themes among theatre, various art forms, and content areas (DOK 1-3)
  3. Compare and contrast practices and methods of performance with the practices and methods of film, cinema, television, and electronic media (DOK 2-3)
  4. Perform improvised scenes reflecting content, character and plot from representational dramatic literature (DOK 3-4)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What are the guidelines for understanding a theatrical production?
  2. How can artistic choices affect a production?
  3. What types of themes and practices within a theatrical performance can be identified and compared with other medians?
  4. What criteria make a play performance better or worse than another?
  5. How does one write or speak about evaluations of theatrical works and performances?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Analyzing and articulating knowledge of theatrical works from various cultures enhances a personal engagement with dramatic literature and awareness of other cultures and lifestyles.
  2. Responding to the study of modern theatre and various media and various cultures validates studies and proficiency in language arts, world languages, business, social studies, sciences, mathematics, physical education, and performing arts.
  3. Comparing and contrasting film and cinema and media presentations from various genres and cultures broadens the scope and appeal of artistic technologies from around the world.

Nature Of:

  1. Critical response to theatrical works objectifies and validates the importance of the field to the well-rounded growth of the individual and the overall growth and functionality of school, community, and culture.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Respect for theatre, its practitioners, and conventions

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Attend live performances of extended length and complexity, and demonstrate an understanding of the protocol of audience behavior appropriate to the style of the performance (DOK 1-2)
  2. Use group-generated criteria to assess one's own work and the work of others (DOK 1-2)
  3. Demonstrate objectivity in assessing one's personal abilities in creative endeavors and ability to receive and act upon coaching feedback and constructive criticism (DOK 2-3)
  4. Devise specific methods for documenting and assessing one's own artistic development throughout participation in a drama or theatre project (DOK 2-4)
  5. Demonstrate a respect for copyright laws (DOK 1)
  6. Address the importance of timelines and personal responsibility as a member of a production ensemble (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What can be gained by observing numerous and contrasting live performances?
  2. How does objectivity relate to experiencing a piece of art?
  3. Why is theatre live, and what are the benefits of live theatrical performances?
  4. How should audience members and crew conduct themselves before, during, and after a performance?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Practicing proper behavior and dress at a public performance validates one's position as an adult in society.
  2. Investigating the importance of copyright laws in scriptwriting, set and costume design, script adaptation, and the use of music in production supports respect for these vocations and artists.
  3. Respecting the roles of the theatre family promotes maturity and social responsibility.
  4. Adhering to schedules, time restraints, and deadlines, and learning to prioritize are valuable life skills that promote positive social and work related relationships.

Nature Of:

  1. Proper etiquette in a theatrical environment helps the audience appreciate the production and translates to a greater respect for the arts.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Eighth Grade
Standard: 3. Critically Respond

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Recognition and evaluation of contemporary and historical contexts of theatre history

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Evaluate the elements of drama in a variety of dramatic forms and performance styles (DOK 1-2)
  2. Evaluate the nature of different dramatic forms and performance styles (DOK 2-3)
  3. Recognize and investigate societal and cultural themes in dramatic forms (DOK 1-3)
  4. Recognize the ways dramatic forms have reflected or facilitated change in various societies (DOK 1-2)
  5. Identify and discuss artistic challenges and successful outcomes encountered during the creative and rehearsal processes (DOK 1-3)
  6. Research, use, and adapt issue-specific themes found in history, culture, dramatic literature, and personal experience to write and create scenes and scripts (DOK 2-4)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why are themes in theatre and history cyclical?
  2. How does theatre bring about change?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Using information and communication technologies in theatre helps to improve all aspects of human interaction, and promotes an efficient exchange of ideas in social situations and the workplace.
  2. Discussing and debating the issues that arise from research helps to strengthen critical thought and language skills.
  3. Keeping a journal or workbook, and making oral presentations helps to personalize the work and the results of research.

Nature Of:

  1. People have used drama and theatre since the beginning of time to represent their ideas.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Use critical thinking skills in character analysis and performance

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Describe and analyze in written and oral form a character's wants, needs, objectives, and personality characteristics (DOK 1-3)
  2. Receive and act on coaching, feedback, and constructive criticism (DOK 2-3)
  3. Develop critical questioning to appreciate and understand the role of drama and theatre, (DOK 2-3)
  4. Recognize dramatic problems, and solve them individually and in a group (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does a playwright shape and create an audience?
  2. How do theatre participants use their knowledge and opinions to constructively critique?
  3. What would be considered harmful critique?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Giving and taking constructive criticism increases the desire for and appreciation of excellence.
  2. Accepting how to take direction builds skills as an actor and helps actors understand when it is appropriate to use creative license and when it is not.
  3. Solving staging problems through critique within a group builds a sense of community and challenges the imagination.
  4. Using video playbacks to analyze the effectiveness of performances promotes critical thinking.

Nature Of:

  1. Constructive criticism and objective praise lead to better productions and a striving for excellence.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Respect the value of the collaborative nature of drama and theatre works

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Enjoy drama and theatre as a community activity (DOK 1)
  2. Research the contribution of various historical and contemporary drama and theatre practitioners and groups (DOK 1-2)
  3. Perform in rehearsals performances as a productive and responsible member of an acting ensemble, and demonstrate personal responsibility and commitment to a collaborative process (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does being part of a collaborative process help you outside of a theatrical performance?
  2. What does it mean to be trustworthy and responsible?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Enjoying the theatre as a participant and an audience member encourages a cultural commitment in adult life.
  2. Understanding the contributions and backgrounds of various historical and contemporary performers broadens one's knowledge base.
  3. Using technology tools such as computer-aided design, computerized light and sound boards, computer-rendering applications, and Internet research can simplify the production aspects of a theatrical work.

Nature Of:

  1. Learning to recognize excellence in performance and production helps to build a deep respect for arts and culture.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Seventh Grade
Standard: 3. Critically Respond

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Influence of contemporary and historical elements in theatrical works

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Reflect on elements of drama in a variety of dramatic forms and performance styles (DOK 1-2)
  2. Articulate and justify possible criteria for critiquing dramatizations and dramatic performances (DOK 1-3)
  3. Research architecture, clothing, customs, music, and artwork for a particular time period and culture, and respond to it in discussion, writing, computer-based formats and/or performance (DOK 2-3)
  4. Read and analyze a play for its technical requirements, and identify points in the script that require or might be enhanced by the addition of a technical element (DOK 2-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does studying theatre from a particular time period help us to better understand that time period and our current time period?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Organizing the methods of critique, and formulating a response to a performance or a story creates confidence in understanding and enjoying the art.
  2. Comparing forms and styles helps to place history and culture in context.
  3. Observing technological staging in all areas of design such as costumes, lighting, scenes, properties, makeup, and sound throughout history helps one to envision the scope of history.

Nature Of:

  1. By analyzing and interpreting dramatic characters, one discovers the necessary tools to communicate more effectively in his or her personal life.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Critical evaluation in discussing theatrical works

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Experience and appreciate a range of dramatic and theatrical performances (DOK 1-2)
  2. Use appropriate language individually and within a group when devising, enacting, discussing, debating, or writing about drama (DOK 1)
  3. Reflect on one's own work and the work of others (DOK 1-2)
  4. Use appropriate theatre terminology to describe and analyze the strengths and weaknesses of individual or group work (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is exposure to a range of performances necessary to develop strong critical evaluation skills?
  2. Why is criticism better than judgment?
  3. What is meant by "we are our own worst critic?"

Relevance & Application:

  1. Learning to give constructive criticism and taking criticism facilitates flexibility and strengthens choices.
  2. Using appropriate language and terminology in discussion and debate strengthens critical thought processes.
  3. Understanding theatrical conventions increases awareness of audience participation and the importance of technical support.
  4. Considering the validity of a theatre and film critic's work requires strong evaluation, technology, and literacy skills and allows one to make informed decisions on the quality of one's work.

Nature Of:

  1. Critiquing the performer and performance using the terminology of the theatre develops objectivity and appreciation.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Individual and collaborative contributions

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Identify the value of a varying range of dramatic and theatrical performances (DOK 1-2)
  2. Recognize the contribution and commitment of individuals and groups to drama, and acknowledge a diversity of views (DOK 1-2)
  3. Identify the qualities of a productive member of an acting ensemble (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does one show respect for a space and the people who have worked to put together a performance?
  2. What is "polite" and "appropriate" behavior for the theatre, and how does it change depending on the show and venue?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Attending various performances is good practice for learning social etiquette, which translates to all areas of one's social and professional environment.
  2. Acknowledging excellence in performers and performing groups enhances a vision of excellence for oneself.
  3. Employing visual imagination and respect for the technically inclined personnel is strengthened through attention to technical requirements for a play such as staging, direction, and all areas of design.

Nature Of:

  1. When performers and technicians receive praise, they can learn to give it.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Sixth Grade
Standard: 3. Critically Respond

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Discuss the influence of cultural and historical themes in theatrical works

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Read plays and stories from a variety of cultures and historical periods, and identify the elements of drama in writing and discussion: 1. Plot 2. Thought/Theme 3. Character 4. Language/Dialogue 5. Setting 6. Conflict 7. Music/Rhythm 8. Spectacle (DOK 1-2)
  2. Describe and respond to conventions, cultural themes, dramatic techniques, and technologies used in different performances (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. In how many ways can one story be told?
  2. What makes a "good" story?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Discussing one's feelings and emotional responses to theatre increases self-awareness and internal motivations.
  2. Analyzing plays and stories in drama supports analytic activities in other academic, social, and professional situations.
  3. Becoming aware of historical theatre technologies enhances the appreciation and mastery of modern technologies.

Nature Of:

  1. Identifying elements of dramatic literature, and drawing parallels to real-world situations is a primary focus of theatre studies.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Recognize and identify the criteria for a quality performance

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Give and accept constructive and supportive feedback (DOK 1-2)
  2. Identify the importance of the elements of drama, and use them to create dramatic meaning and audience engagement (DOK 1-3)
  3. Recognize and describe the distinct roles and responsibilities of the director, actors, stage manager, set and costume designers, and others involved in presenting a theatrical performance (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What is quality work?
  2. Why do different types of theatre elicit and require different audience responses?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Understanding the importance of constructive criticism and taking criticism helps to focus on the objectivity of study.
  2. Making critical evaluations expands the vocabulary and use of language.
  3. Embracing theatre terminology and conventions familiarizes one with production and technical theatre.

Nature Of:

  1. Learning to respect an audience transforms into striving for excellence in every endeavor.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Articulate the value of each practitioner's role in a drama and/or theatrical performance

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Describe and demonstrate audience skills of observing attentively and responding appropriately in presentations, rehearsals, and live performance settings (DOK 1-2)
  2. Respond appropriately to one's own work and the dramatic works of others (DOK 1-2)
  3. Work effectively alone and cooperatively with a partner or in an ensemble (DOK 1-3)
  4. Recognize and understand the roles and responsibilities of various technical personnel in creating and producing a theatrical performance (DOK 1)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why do some people consider the theatre a "sacred space?"
  2. Why does entering a theatre require special behavior?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Practicing appropriate audience behavior skills enhances social awareness.
  2. Listening to others builds respect and communication skills.
  3. Promoting discipline, and understanding the roles required to produce a performance builds acceptance of responsibility in a community.

Nature Of:

  1. Learning social skills as a worker in the theatre leads to good social skills as a member of an audience.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Fifth Grade
Standard: 3. Critically Respond

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Identify at least one role of a theatre practitioner

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Describe the different roles of theatre practitioners (DOK 1)
  2. Recognize dramatizations from different perspectives such as those of the playwright, actor, director, and designer, and suggest alternatives for creating and interpreting roles, arranging environments, and developing situations (DOK 2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does creating and performing in the arts differ from viewing the arts?
  2. What is the importance of each practitioner's job?
  3. How does understanding the function of each practitioner's job play a part in analyzing dramatic performances?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Studying the roles of theatre practitioners allows one to recognize his or her importance in the entertainment industry.
  2. Applying theatrical skills such as writing, design, problem-solving, interpretation, collaboration, and invention promotes the realization of one's place in the workforce.
  3. Comprehending all roles of theatre practitioners reveals a broad lens of the entire production process and translates to collaborative endeavors in social and professional situations.

Nature Of:

  1. Understanding theatrical roles give students insight into how theatre practitioners can find careers in professions other than the theatre.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Give, accept, and integrate constructive and supportive feedback from self and others

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Develop selected criteria to critique what is seen, heard, and understood in a performance or dramatization (DOK 1-2)
  2. Apply constructive feedback in scene creation and character development (DOK 2-3)
  3. Evaluate and critique through reflection and analysis one's own individual work and the work of others in a productive and respectful way (DOK 2-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What constitutes effective and constructive feedback for a scene and character?
  2. How does one develop appropriate criteria to critique?
  3. Why is feedback important?
  4. Who is impacted by your feedback?
  5. How can you use feedback as a helpful tool and not a hurtful one?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Evaluating performances helps to develop analytical and writing skills.
  2. Understanding the complexity of a performance aids in the appreciation of dramatic literature and playwrights.
  3. Appreciating how mass and multimedia can create an emotional impact leads to becoming an informed consumer.
  4. Providing examples of what directors look for when giving director's notes connects the critique process to the product.
  5. Evaluation and critique through problem-solving and/or problem spotting are key skills needed in every field, particularly science and math.

Nature Of:

  1. Contributing to the realization of a theatrical work is an exercise in collaboration and critical thinking.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Demonstrate understanding of historical and cultural context of scripts, scenes, and performances

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Identify the historical and cultural context of a script (DOK 1-3)
  2. Understand the value and importance of researching the historical and cultural context of a script (DOK 2)
  3. Identify costume, set, performance space, and use of audience throughout history (DOK 1)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How has theatre impacted historical events?
  2. How does history impact theatre?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Theatrical performances can sometimes provide a window to understanding what is important to a society.
  2. One can appreciate leaders' diplomatic efforts by analyzing history and culture.
  3. The use of technology to acquire theatrical design examples leads to a deeper understanding of the theatre profession and its value to society.

Nature Of:

  1. The various purposes of drama and theatre are, among others, entertainment, education, communication, and ritual.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

4. Analyze dramatic text in scenes and script

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Identify cultural themes in dramatic literature that suggest season, time, and period or era (DOK 1-2)
  2. Read to understand the relationships of characters (DOK 1-2)
  3. Classify and explain dramatic structure such as conflict, characters, and plot (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is it important to identify cultural themes in a script?
  2. How are specific elements important in dramatic text?
  3. How do character relationships impact a play?
  4. Why (or why not) are there distinct patterns or themes found in theatrical works from various cultures and eras?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Analyzing dramatic text enhances and deepens the understanding of literature.
  2. Identifying dramatic themes fosters a better understanding of history and music.
  3. Appreciating how mass media use dramatic structure in commercials, television, broadcast journalism, and film to communicate a message allows one to think critically.

Nature Of:

  1. Aesthetics foster artistic appreciation, interpretation, imagination, significance, and value.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Fourth Grade
Standard: 3. Critically Respond

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Develop selected criteria to critique what is seen, heard, and understood

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Develop criteria to critique a performance or script (DOK 1-2)
  2. Critique a performance or script using the developed criteria (DOK 1-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What constitutes effective and constructive feedback for a scene and character?
  2. How does one develop appropriate criteria?
  3. How does a critique impact a performance?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Evaluating performances helps develop analytical and writing skills for theatre and film critics.
  2. Understanding the different elements of a performance aids in the appreciation of dramatic literature and playwrights.
  3. Understanding how different media can create an emotional impact creates informed consumers and technologically literate professionals.

Nature Of:

  1. Contributing to the realization of a theatrical work is an exercise in collaboration and critical thinking.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Examine character dynamics and relations

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Demonstrate an understanding of character dynamics and relationships in real-life settings (DOK 1-2)
  2. Read scripts and stories to identify and analyze character dynamics and relationships (DOK 2-3)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What is needed to understand character dynamics and relationships?
  2. How are characters in scripts similar to real people?
  3. What relationships do you have that resemble relationships you have read about?
  4. How can you show a character's relationship to another character when you are on stage?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Working with mass media allows one to recognize that the use of voice, body language, and facial expressions are essential to conveying messages.
  2. Understanding body language and vocalization are essential to communication. For example, facilitators, politicians, political scientists, and teachers employ body language and vocalization to communicate.
  3. Recognizing that human beings communicate through a variety of nonverbal messages such as gestures, facial expressions, and body language is valuable knowledge for success in social and professional situations.

Nature Of:

  1. Students exercise and refine the actor's instrument - body, voice, and mind - through ongoing exploration of the physical, vocal, characterization, and staging components of acting.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Third Grade
Standard: 3. Critically Respond

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Examine the dynamic relationship among community, culture, and theatre

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Identify how communities use theatre (DOK 1-2)
  2. Describe how cultures shape theatrical performances (DOK 1-2)
  3. Read, listen to, and tell stories from a variety of cultures, genres, and styles (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How is theatre in the United States different from other cultures? How is it similar?
  2. In what ways does your community use theatre?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Awareness and analysis of cultural experiences promotes greater understanding of other cultures.
  2. Mass media relies on community elements to create a connection with its audience.
  3. Cultural awareness is a beneficial skill that aids in the understanding of one's community.
  4. Using multimedia such as Internet, video, and print enhances our understanding of other cultures.

Nature Of:

  1. Drama and theatre create community.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Demonstrate appropriate audience etiquette

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Describe appropriate audience etiquette (DOK 1)
  2. Demonstrate appropriate etiquette through the use of body and voice (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why is it important to demonstrate appropriate behavior?
  2. What role does the audience play in a performance?
  3. How does the audience's response to a performance alter the way it is performed?
  4. How does audience etiquette differ in different settings?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Recognizing that good companies rely on appropriate etiquette to create their market "brand" makes one a more informed consumer. For example, computer companies that cater to a business/professional clientele rely on more formal etiquette and "branding" versus companies that cater to a younger, more relaxed clientele rely on more informal etiquette.
  2. Practicing appropriate etiquette when dealing with different cultures and societies in the workforce is a necessary component of a successful employee, while inappropriate etiquette could break a business deal.

Nature Of:

  1. A society that values appropriate audience etiquette also values civility.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Use selected criteria to critique what is seen, heard, and understood

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Critique a performance or script using pre-developed criteria (DOK 2-3)
  2. Share individual feelings and opinions appropriately (DOK 2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What do you think about when watching a performance?
  2. How can watching theatre affect how you feel?
  3. How do the surroundings such as sets, props, and costumes influence your opinion of a performance?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Mass media use different techniques to influence society by encouraging one to be an engaged citizen such as an active voter or community volunteer.
  2. Knowing that companies rely on consumers to make informed choices and spend vast resources to influence a company's outcome makes one an educated consumer.

Nature Of:

  1. Critical evaluation is necessary in informed decision making.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Second Grade
Standard: 3. Critically Respond

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Identify basic structures and relationships in a scene

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Identify the beginning, middle, and end of theatrical scenes (DOK 1)
  2. Identify and describe the character relationships in theatrical scenes (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How do various characters' actions impact a scene?
  2. Why do scenes have a similar structure to stories?
  3. How would a change in a character's action change the outcome of a scene?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Connecting theatrical structure to literary structure creates a more informed reader.
  2. Emphasizing the relationship between characters' actions and the plot allows one to think more critically.
  3. Using video or audio recordings to observe scenes makes it possible to experience a variety of structures and relationships.
  4. Applying mass media to create a basic story structure permits one to communicate a message in an efficient way.

Nature Of:

  1. Basic structures of scenes are the building blocks of theatrical form.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

2. Identify dramatic elements in dramatizations and stories

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Identify characters, setting, and plot in scenes performed by others (DOK 1-2)
  2. Identify community and family elements in dramatizations, stories, and plays (DOK 1)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Why are character, setting, and plot important in a dramatization?
  2. Why are there so many plots that revolve around community and family stories?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Connecting similarities and differences between dramatic depictions and literature leads one to develop higher-level thinking skills such as comparing and contrasting, reflecting, and foreshadowing.
  2. Dramatizing family and community interaction through mass media affects societal culture.

Nature Of:

  1. Elements are important aspects of theatrical productions.

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

3. Express thoughts about a dramatization or performance

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Use appropriate theatre vocabulary to critique a live performance (DOK 2-3)
  2. Express individual feelings about a performance through drawing, writing, and discussing (DOK 2)
  3. Articulate the difference between constructive and negative feedback (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How are performers impacted by feedback?
  2. Why is it important to use theatre-based vocabulary when discussing dramatizations?
  3. How can different members of an audience have different reactions to a dramatization?
  4. When might a critic allow their feelings to impact how they evaluate a dramatization?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Expanding writing skills leads to an enhanced vocabulary.
  2. Analyzing a critic's role in all types of media requires one to use specific criteria when evaluating performances.
  3. Understanding a critique is not meant to hurt feelings, but instead to build context for comprehending constructive feedback.
  4. Using electronic media to view many versions of productions provides a broad range of examples to compare and contrast.

Nature Of:

  1. Critiquing theatre leads to a better understanding of the human condition.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: First Grade
Standard: 3. Critically Respond

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Identify key aspects of theatre

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Describe the difference between theatre and real life (DOK 2)
  2. Describe the difference between theatre and other media such as television, movies, and books (DOK 2)
  3. Describe the basic elements of a performance such as the stage, audience, performers, and set (DOK 1)
  4. Ask questions based on discoveries while performing or viewing a performance (DOK 1-2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. What makes theatre a unique experience?
  2. How are costumes and sets different from everyday clothing and furniture?
  3. Why is an audience important to a performance?
  4. Why is a stage space necessary?
  5. How does pretending in play help in theatre?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Recognizing the differences in types of media allows for a variety of inputs.
  2. Understanding the difference between real life and theatrical performances helps differentiate fiction and nonfiction.
  3. Connecting play and pretend allows one to discover the basic aspects of theatre.

Nature Of:

  1. Elements are important aspects of theatrical productions.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Kindergarten
Standard: 3. Critically Respond

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Identify elements of theatre in everyday life

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Identify characters (peers, family members, and others) in everyday life (DOK 1)
  2. Identify costumes (clothes) in everyday life (DOK 1)
  3. Identify sets (locations) in everyday life (DOK 1)
  4. Use prior knowledge to understand events in dramatizations or performances (DOK 2)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. Who are the characters in your life?
  2. How are costumes different from everyday clothes?
  3. What are the similarities between your family and families found in stories?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Studying theatre aids in the recognition of the difference between theatrical and literary characters.
  2. Connecting how costumes create a character gives one a basic understanding of how characters are based on actual human beings.
  3. Understanding environments in which characters most likely would live informs one about his or her own environment.
  4. Viewing video depictions of various characters gives context for different dramatizations.

Nature Of:

  1. Balancing theatrical elements in a production adds to the audience's understanding and enjoyment.

Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Grade Level Expectations: Preschool
Standard: 3. Critically Respond

Prepared Graduates: (Click on a Prepared Graduate Competency to View Articulated Expectations)

Concepts and skills students master:

1. Respond to stories and plays

Evidence Outcomes 21st Century Skill and Readiness Competencies

Students Can:

  1. Provide an initial response when exposed to a new performance, puppet show, or dramatization (DOK 1)
  2. Demonstrate an eagerness and interest in performances or dramatizations through asking questions (DOK 1)

Inquiry Questions:

  1. How does a story or play make you feel?
  2. How do an audience's feelings affect a play?
  3. What are your favorite parts of a play? Why?

Relevance & Application:

  1. Realizing that critique is a step in scientific inquiry allows one to make connections between theatre and other disciplines.
  2. Recognizing that critics use drama and theatre skills in all forms of media allows one to relate the arts to society.
  3. Connecting the vocabulary of theatre and literature guides the practitioner to build skills in critique and future writing.

Nature Of:

  1. Critiquing drama and theatre leads to a better understanding of the human condition.